余晓毅,常炜,于湉,黄一,宋世德,尚世超,胡尧.杂散电流对海底管道表面电位影响预测方法研究[J].表面技术,2016,45(5):67-71.
YU Xiao-yi,CHANG Wei,YU Tian,HUANG Yi,SONG Shi-de,SHANG Shi-chao,HU Yao.Predicting Method for the Influence of Stray Current on the Potential Distribution of Submarine Pipeline[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(5):67-71
杂散电流对海底管道表面电位影响预测方法研究
Predicting Method for the Influence of Stray Current on the Potential Distribution of Submarine Pipeline
投稿时间:2016-01-13  修订日期:2016-05-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.05.010
中文关键词:  外加电流阴极保护  杂散电流  海底管道  电化学腐蚀  边界元法  保护电位
英文关键词:impressed current cathodic protection  stray current  subsea pipeline  electrochemical corrosion  boundary element method  protection potential
基金项目:
作者单位
余晓毅 中海油研究总院,北京 100026 
常炜 中海油研究总院,北京 100026 
于湉 中海油研究总院,北京 100026 
黄一 大连理工大学,辽宁 大连 116024 
宋世德 大连理工大学,辽宁 大连 116024 
尚世超 大连理工大学,辽宁 大连 116024 
胡尧 大连理工大学,辽宁 大连 116024 
AuthorInstitution
YU Xiao-yi CNOOC Research Institute, Beijing 100027, China 
CHANG Wei CNOOC Research Institute, Beijing 100027, China 
YU Tian CNOOC Research Institute, Beijing 100027, China 
HUANG Yi Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China 
SONG Shi-de Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China 
SHANG Shi-chao Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China 
HU Yao Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 外加电流阴极保护技术逐渐应用于船舶和海洋结构物防腐领域,但随之而来的杂散电流很可能使平台附近的海底管道本身或者其牺牲阳极阴极保护系统产生电化学腐蚀, 缩短海底管道使用寿命,甚至破坏管道本身结构而造成严重的生产事故, 因此需要预测外加电流阴极保护系统对附近海底管道及其牺牲阳极阴极保护系统可能造成的不利影响。方法 提出一种基于边界元法的预测海底管道杂散电流影响的数值模拟方法,建立包括域内控制方程和对应的边界条件的数学模型, 可以计算得到海底管道受杂散电流影响区域的位置和范围,并且得到受影响区域表面保护电位的分布情况。 结果 通过实验室海底管道模型杂散电流试验测量结果与数值模拟结果进行比较,验证该方法预测海底管道杂散电流影响的准确性,数值模拟仿真结果与试验测量结果最大误差百分比约为 1.7%,平均误差百分比小于 0.2%。数值模拟计算结果准确地预测了海底管道模型表面保护电位分布情况,预测了导管架平台模型外加电流阴极保护系统对海底管道模型杂散电流的影响情况。结论 使用的边界元阴极保护数值模拟技术可以准确预测海底管道杂散电流的影响情况,为海底管道杂散电流影响预测研究提供了有力工具。
英文摘要:
      Objective Impressed current cathodic protection technology is used in the field of ship and marine structures increasingly, but the attendant stray currents is likely to lead subsea pipeline itself or its sacrificial anode cathodic protection system near the platform to suffer from electrochemical corrosion, which can shorten the submarine pipeline’s operation life, and even destroy the structure of the pipeline and cause serious accidents. Therefore, it is necessary to predict the adverse influence which impressed current cathodic protection system may cause on subsea pipelines and its sacrificial anode cathodic protection system. Methods This paper presented a numerical simulation method based on the boundary element method to predict the influence of stray current on submarine pipelines. The mathematical model including the control equation and the corresponding boundary conditions was established to calculate the position and range of protection potential of the submarine pipeline which was influenced by the stray current, and the distribution of surface protection potential in the affected area could also be obtained. Results By comparing the results of model experiment in laboratory and numerical simulation, the accuracy of the method for predicting the influence of stray currents on subsea pipeline was validated. The largest percentage error of numerical simulation results compared to experimental measurements was about 1.7%, and the average of percentage error was less than 0.2%, consequently the numerical simulation results accurately predicted the protection potential distribution of the subsea pipeline model, in other words, the numerical simulation results predicted the influence of impressed current cathodic protection system of the jacket platform on subsea pipeline model by stray current. Conclusion The boundary element cathodic protection numerical simulation software used in this study could accurately predict the influence of stray current on the potential distribution of submarine pipeline, and it could be a powerful tool for study on prediction of influence of stray current on the potential distribution of submarine pipeline.
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