张明瑞,梁鑫,罗星,仲星屹,华程,罗长鹏.响应型润滑表面的智能调控研究进展[J].表面技术,2024,53(10):92-109.
ZHANG Mingrui,LIANG Xin,LUO Xing,ZHONG Xingyi,HUA Cheng,LUO Changpeng.Progress of Intelligent Regulation of Responsive Lubricating Surfaces[J].Surface Technology,2024,53(10):92-109
响应型润滑表面的智能调控研究进展
Progress of Intelligent Regulation of Responsive Lubricating Surfaces
投稿时间:2023-05-20  修订日期:2023-07-27
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2024.10.007
中文关键词:  响应类型  功能表面  智能材料  润滑调控
英文关键词:response type  functional surface  intelligent material  lubrication modulation
基金项目:
作者单位
张明瑞 成都飞机工业集团有限责任公司,成都 610091 
梁鑫 成都飞机工业集团有限责任公司,成都 610091 
罗星 成都飞机工业集团有限责任公司,成都 610091 
仲星屹 成都飞机工业集团有限责任公司,成都 610091 
华程 成都飞机工业集团有限责任公司,成都 610091 
罗长鹏 成都飞机工业集团有限责任公司,成都 610091 
AuthorInstitution
ZHANG Mingrui AVIC Chengdu Aircraft Industrial Group Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610091, China 
LIANG Xin AVIC Chengdu Aircraft Industrial Group Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610091, China 
LUO Xing AVIC Chengdu Aircraft Industrial Group Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610091, China 
ZHONG Xingyi AVIC Chengdu Aircraft Industrial Group Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610091, China 
HUA Cheng AVIC Chengdu Aircraft Industrial Group Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610091, China 
LUO Changpeng AVIC Chengdu Aircraft Industrial Group Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610091, China 
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中文摘要:
      智能润滑材料和表面具有随需应变和仿生功能的特点,是近年来润滑技术的一个研究重点。功能成分的触发和反馈行为赋予了智能材料可控的润滑能力,能对环境变化做出响应,进而可以实现摩擦界面润滑状态的主动调控,为智能设备的设计和运用提供新的研究思路。结合智能润滑的研究现状,对材料类型、构筑方式以及应用领域等研究进展进行介绍。根据材料能够响应的刺激类型把智能润滑表面分为9种类型,并分别总结了每种类型材料的设计理念、刺激响应机理以及性能特点。此外,从高分子复合材料、功能化润滑纳米添加剂和环境敏感水凝胶3个方面对智能润滑表面的摩擦学领域的应用情况以及未来可能发展的方向进行了讨论。未来研究方向包括但不限于以下几个方面:一是开发新型响应型润滑表面,例如基于自愈性润滑表面、电磁响应性润滑表面等;二是探索更加智能的响应机制,例如基于人工智能的自适应控制;三是进一步研究响应型润滑表面的机理,从微观和宏观层面深入探索响应机制;四是拓展响应型润滑表面的应用领域,例如在纳米技术、生物医学、机器人等领域的应用。
英文摘要:
      Smart lubricating materials and surfaces with on-demand and bionic functions have gained significant attention in recent years in the field of lubrication technology. These materials possess functional components that exhibit triggering and feedback behavior, providing them with controllable lubrication capabilities that can respond to environmental changes. This, in turn, enables active regulation of the lubrication state of friction interfaces and opens up new avenues for the design and application of smart devices. This paper serves as a comprehensive overview of the research progress made in the development of intelligent lubrication materials. It delved into the various material types, construction methods, and application areas, taking into consideration the current research status. The classification of smart lubrication materials was based on their ability to respond to specific stimuli, resulting in nine distinct types. The design concepts, stimulus response mechanisms, and performance characteristics of each material type were summarized individually. Furthermore, the paper explored the applications of smart lubricating materials in tribology, focusing on polymer composites, functionalized lubrication nanoadditives, and environmentally sensitive hydrogels. Polymer composites were extensively studied for their ability to enhance the tribological performance of lubricants, whereas functionalized lubrication nanoadditives offered improved lubrication properties at the nanoscale level. Environmentally sensitive hydrogels, on the other hand, responded to external stimuli such as pH or temperature changes, thereby achieving tailored lubrication behavior. Moreover, the research on responsive lubricating surfaces could be further explored at both micro and macro levels. At the micro level, researchers could focus on characterizing changes in surface structure and chemical composition to unveil the mechanisms behind the responsive properties of lubricating materials. By gaining a deeper understanding of the response mechanisms, further improvements could be made in the design and fabrication of lubricating materials, enhancing their lubrication performance and stability. At the macro level, researchers could explore the performance of responsive lubricating surfaces in various application areas. For example, in the field of nanotechnology, responsive lubricating materials could be used to construct self-lubricating nanostructures, enabling lubrication and friction control at the nanoscale. In the biomedical field, responsive lubricating materials could be applied to medical devices such as artificial joints, providing long-lasting lubrication effects and reducing patient discomfort. In conclusion, smart lubricating materials represent a research frontier in the field of lubrication technology, offering vast potential for future applications. By continuously advancing research efforts, the development of new responsive lubricating materials can be achieved, along with a deeper understanding of their response mechanisms and broader application areas. These advancements will significantly contribute to the progress of smart devices and lubrication technology as a whole.
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