张敏,丁玉萍,王淞,刘施峰.电弧喷涂Zn-Al伪合金涂层耐腐蚀性能研究进展[J].表面技术,2024,53(10):1-15.
ZHANG Min,DING Yuping,WANG Song,LIU Shifeng.Research Progress on Corrosion Resistance of Arc Sprayed Zn-Al Pseudo Alloy Coatings[J].Surface Technology,2024,53(10):1-15
电弧喷涂Zn-Al伪合金涂层耐腐蚀性能研究进展
Research Progress on Corrosion Resistance of Arc Sprayed Zn-Al Pseudo Alloy Coatings
投稿时间:2023-05-18  修订日期:2023-10-19
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2024.10.001
中文关键词:  Zn-Al伪合金  电弧喷涂  涂层  耐蚀性
英文关键词:Zn-Al pseudo alloy  arc spray  coating  corrosion resistance
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51421001)
作者单位
张敏 重庆大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400044 
丁玉萍 重庆大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400044 
王淞 重庆大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400044 
刘施峰 重庆大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400044 
AuthorInstitution
ZHANG Min College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China 
DING Yuping College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China 
WANG Song College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China 
LIU Shifeng College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China 
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中文摘要:
      通过在钢基体表面制备涂层可以很好地延长钢铁材料的服役时间,减少因腐蚀造成的重大事故和人员伤亡。相较于传统的纯Zn涂层、纯Al涂层以及Zn-Al合金涂层,Zn-Al伪合金涂层能够为基体材料提供长久有效的腐蚀防护,在钢铁材料的腐蚀防护中具有巨大的应用潜力。简述了Zn-Al伪合金涂层电弧喷涂制备工艺的特点;介绍了Zn、Al、Zn-Al合金及Zn-Al伪合金涂层在模拟海洋环境下的腐蚀防护原理;在此基础上从组分、喷涂工艺参数(喷涂距离、喷涂电流和喷涂电压)、元素掺杂(Mg、Si及Re)及后处理工艺(封孔、激光重熔)等角度,论述了其对Zn-Al伪合金涂层耐蚀性的影响;讨论了Zn-Al伪合金涂层防腐体系在桥梁、海洋钢结构件、地下运输管道中的应用现状;最后总结了目前研究工作中存在的挑战,提出了电弧喷涂Zn-Al伪合金涂层尚需深入研究的重点问题,为提高钢铁材料使用寿命提供了参考。
英文摘要:
      Corrosion is one of the most common forms of steel materials, and corrosion protection of steel has been the focus worldwide. In recent years, the service life of steel materials has been effectively extended by preparing anti-corrosion coatings on the surface of steel substrates, reducing serious accidents and casualties caused by corrosion. The work aims to introduce the preparation of Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings by arc spray and related applications, and review the research progress on the corrosion resistance of arc sprayed Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings. Firstly, starting from the classification of thermal spray, the advantages and disadvantages of each spray technology were briefly expounded, and the main use of arc spray to prepare Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings was clarified. Among several thermal spray techniques, flame spray and arc spray were suitable for preparing pseudo alloy coatings due to their lower temperature and slower particle velocity, which were beneficial for coating deposition. Compared to flame spray, electric energy and compressed air were used by arc spray instead of flammable gases such as oxygen and acetylene, resulting in significantly higher safety than flame spray. In addition, the coating structure prepared by arc spray was more uniform, and the bonding strength with the substrate was higher than that by flame spray. Therefore, arc spray was regarded as an ideal choice for the preparation of Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings. Secondly, the long-term corrosion protection mechanism of Zn-Al pseudo alloy coating was elaborated, providing a theoretical basis for further improving the corrosion resistance of Zn-Al pseudo alloy coating anti-corrosion system. The microstructure of the arc sprayed Zn-Al pseudo alloy coating exhibited alternating overlap between Zn rich and Al rich regions, which was a mechanical mixture of Zn and Al phases. During the corrosion process, when the Al2O3 passivation film on the surface of the Zn-Al pseudo alloy coating was destroyed, the Zn phase corroded preferentially and generated a dense layer of corrosion products. The Zn corrosion products covered the surface of the Zn-Al pseudo alloy coating and the pores were blocked, thereby reducing the corrosion rate. As the corrosion time increased, the Zn phase was continuously consumed, and at this time, the Al phase served as a sacrificial anode to provide cathodic protection for the substrate. Besides, the current research status of improving corrosion resistance of Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings was discussed from the aspects of zinc aluminum component, arc spray process parameters optimization, element addition, and post treatment. The Al content essentially made a significant effect on the corrosion resistance of Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings. As the Al content increased, the corrosion potential of Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings increased, making them less susceptible to corrosion. In addition, adjusting the spray distance, spray current, and spray voltage could change the size, temperature, and impact velocity of metal droplets, thereby changing the microstructure morphology and coating/substrate bonding strength of Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings, which further affected the corrosion resistance of Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings. Furthermore, due to the deformation of molten or semi molten metal droplets under impact during the arc spray process, and the formation of loosely packed spatters caused by pores and microcracks in the Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings, the service life of Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings was restricted. The addition of Mg, Si and RE to the Zn-Al pseudo alloy coating could reduce the porosity of the coating, and the corrosion products accumulated more quickly and formed a thick corrosion product layer, thus improving the corrosion resistance of the Zn-Al pseudo alloy coating. Moreover, as for the post treatment process, the sealing agent could fill the pores and microcracks in the coating, while laser remelting transformed the coating/substrate bonding mode into metallurgical bonding and eliminated the pores and cracks on the arc sprayed coating through the diffusion of elements near the coating and substrate interface. Subsequently, the application of Zn Al pseudo alloy coating anti-corrosion system in bridges, marine steel structural components, chemical equipment, and underground pipelines for power transmission and transformation was discussed. Finally, the challenges in current research work were summarized, and key issues for further research on arc sprayed Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings were put forward. At present, significant progress has been made in the study of the corrosion resistance of arc sprayed Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings, but there are still many scientific issues to be further studied, such as the corrosion behavior of Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings in sulfur containing or other corrosive environments, the corrosion resistance of high aluminum content Zn-Al pseudo alloy coatings, and the mechanism of changing the coating/substrate bonding mode.
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