李润涛,孙斐,汪丹丹,魏坤霞,杨卫民,胡静.钛催渗低温离子渗氮对304不锈钢组织性能的影响[J].表面技术,2023,52(10):422-429.
LI Run-tao,SUN Fei,WANG Dan-dan,WEI Kun-xia,YANG Wei-min,HU Jing.Effect of Low Temperature Plasma Nitriding with Ti Catalyst on the Microstructure and Properties of 304 Stainless Steel[J].Surface Technology,2023,52(10):422-429
钛催渗低温离子渗氮对304不锈钢组织性能的影响
Effect of Low Temperature Plasma Nitriding with Ti Catalyst on the Microstructure and Properties of 304 Stainless Steel
投稿时间:2022-08-03  修订日期:2023-02-16
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2023.10.038
中文关键词:  钛催渗  离子渗氮  304奥氏体不锈钢  耐蚀性  硬度  耐磨性
英文关键词:Ti catalyst  plasma nitriding  304 austenitic stainless steel  corrosion resistance  hardness  wear resistance
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(21978025, 51774052);江苏省第三期优势学科建设项目(PAPD-3);江苏高校品牌专业建设工程资助项目(TAPP);材料表面科学与技术重点实验室开放课题;江苏省研究生创新基金项目(CX10292)
作者单位
李润涛 常州大学 江苏省材料表面科学与技术重点实验室,江苏 常州 213164;材料科学与工程国家级实验教学示范中心,江苏 常州 213164 
孙斐 常州大学 江苏省材料表面科学与技术重点实验室,江苏 常州 213164;常州工业职业技术学院 现代装备制造学院,江苏 常州 213164 
汪丹丹 常州大学 江苏省材料表面科学与技术重点实验室,江苏 常州 213164;材料科学与工程国家级实验教学示范中心,江苏 常州 213164 
魏坤霞 常州大学 江苏省材料表面科学与技术重点实验室,江苏 常州 213164;常州大学 怀德学院,江苏 靖江 214500 
杨卫民 常州大学 江苏省材料表面科学与技术重点实验室,江苏 常州 213164;材料科学与工程国家级实验教学示范中心,江苏 常州 213164 
胡静 常州大学 江苏省材料表面科学与技术重点实验室,江苏 常州 213164;材料科学与工程国家级实验教学示范中心,江苏 常州 213164;常州大学 怀德学院,江苏 靖江 214500 
AuthorInstitution
LI Run-tao Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials Surface Science and Technology,Jiangsu Changzhou 213164, China;National Experimental Demonstration Center for Materials Science and Engineering, Changzhou University, Jiangsu Changzhou 213164, China 
SUN Fei Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials Surface Science and Technology,Jiangsu Changzhou 213164, China;Institute of Modern Equipment Manufacturing, Changzhou Institute of Industry Technology, Jiangsu Changzhou 213164, China 
WANG Dan-dan Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials Surface Science and Technology,Jiangsu Changzhou 213164, China;National Experimental Demonstration Center for Materials Science and Engineering, Changzhou University, Jiangsu Changzhou 213164, China 
WEI Kun-xia Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials Surface Science and Technology,Jiangsu Changzhou 213164, China;Huaide College, Changzhou University, Jiangsu Jingjiang 214500, China 
YANG Wei-min Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials Surface Science and Technology,Jiangsu Changzhou 213164, China;National Experimental Demonstration Center for Materials Science and Engineering, Changzhou University, Jiangsu Changzhou 213164, China 
HU Jing Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials Surface Science and Technology,Jiangsu Changzhou 213164, China;National Experimental Demonstration Center for Materials Science and Engineering, Changzhou University, Jiangsu Changzhou 213164, China;Huaide College, Changzhou University, Jiangsu Jingjiang 214500, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 在保障304奥氏体不锈钢良好耐蚀性前提下,研发显著改善表层硬度及耐磨性的低温高效离子渗氮技术。方法 低温离子渗氮时,在试样周围均匀放置微量海绵钛,研发304奥氏体不锈钢创新钛催渗低温离子渗氮技术。采用光学显微镜、扫描电子显微镜、能谱分析仪、X射线粉末衍射仪、显微维氏硬度计、摩擦磨损测试仪,以及电化学工作站等设备分别对试样截面显微组织、物相及成分、截面显微硬度、渗层耐磨性能、耐蚀性能等渗层组织性能进行测试与分析。结果 304奥氏体不锈钢在420 ℃/4 h钛催渗离子渗氮处理后,不仅保持了良好耐蚀性,且渗层耐蚀性比常规低温离子渗氮略有提升,同时,表面硬度与耐磨性大幅提高,表面硬度由常规离子渗氮的978HV0.025提升至1350HV0.025。磨损率由20.9 μg/(N.m)降低至7.4 μg/(N.m),下降了约2/3。特别有价值的是,钛催渗低温离子渗氮效率比传统离子渗氮显著提升,渗氮层厚度由常规离子渗氮的11.37 μm增厚到48.32 μm,即渗氮效率提高到常规离子渗氮的4倍以上。结论 本研究研发的钛催渗低温离子渗氮技术在保障304奥氏体不锈钢优良耐蚀性的同时,能够大幅度提升不锈钢表面硬度及耐磨性能,且具有显著的催渗效果。
英文摘要:
      304 austenitic stainless steel has excellent corrosion resistance, but its poor hardness and wear resistance make it hard to meet the requirements in some applications, and thus surface modification is required to promote its practical applications. Plasma nitriding (PN) is a widely used surface modification technology, while higher temperature plasma nitriding results in a decrease of the corrosion resistance and lower temperature plasma nitriding (LPN) brings about quite low efficiency. In order to overcome the problems in the traditional plasma nitriding, low temperature plasma nitriding with Ti catalyst is primarily proposed in this study, and the research aims to effectively enhance the hardness and wear resistance without reduction of corrosion resistance and with high efficiency. To reach this research goal, low temperature plasma nitriding with Ti catalyst (LPNTi) was conducted at 420 ℃ for 4 h by putting some amount of sponge titanium around the samples during plasma nitriding, and the effect of plasma nitriding with Ti catalyst on the microstructure and properties of 304 austenitic stainless steel was systematically investigated by optical microscope, SEM, EDS, X-ray diffractometer (XRD), microhardness tester, friction and wear tester, electrochemical workstation, etc. The results indicated that excellent corrosion resistance of 304 austenitic stainless steel was kept and even turned to be better after plasma nitriding with Ti catalyst compared with that under traditional plasma nitriding, with the corrosion potential increasing from –320.77 mV to –316.68 mV. SEM, XRD and EDS analysis showed that LPNTi layer was mainly composed of S phase, αN and a little Ti2N with high hardness, which meant that Ti was helpful for the phase transformation of γ to α, and αN was formed due to this phase transformation. The surface hardness could be significantly enhanced from 978HV0.025 by plasma nitriding to 1350HV0.025 by plasma nitriding with Ti catalyst due to the double strengthening effect from αN and Ti2N, which was more than 6 times of 208HV of the matrix. Meanwhile, the wear resistance was dramatically enhanced, the friction coefficient decreased from 0.96 to 0.42, the weight wear rate decreased from 20.9 μg/(N.m) to 7.4 μg/(N.m), decreasing by about 2/3, and the wear marks became much narrower and shallower and the wear area was reduced greatly. More importantly, the nitriding efficiency was remarkably improved as well, with the thickness of nitrided layer increasing from 11.37 um by PN to 48.32 um by LPNTi under the same nitriding condition of 420 ℃/4 h, more than 4 times thicker than that by PN. In all, the excellent corrosion resistance of 304 austenitic stainless steel can be held and even becomes better after low temperature plasma nitriding with Ti catalyst (LPNTi) treatment. The surface hardness and wear resistance can be dramatically enhanced due to the formation of S phase strengthened by αN and a little Ti2N. More importantly, the treatment efficiency of plasma can be remarkably improved, which is more than 4 times of that by plasma nitriding.
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