李天然,卢晨光,原子超,刘聪,李云单,刘亚华.耐用铝基超疏水涂层的机械稳定性及抗结冰性能[J].表面技术,2022,51(11):385-394, 404.
LI Tian-ran,LU Chen-guang,YUAN Zi-chao,LIU Cong,LI Yun-dan,LIU Ya-hua.Mechanical Stability and Anti-icing Performance of Robust Aluminum-based Superhydrophobic Coating[J].Surface Technology,2022,51(11):385-394, 404
耐用铝基超疏水涂层的机械稳定性及抗结冰性能
Mechanical Stability and Anti-icing Performance of Robust Aluminum-based Superhydrophobic Coating
  
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2022.11.036
中文关键词:  超疏水涂层  喷涂  机械稳定性  抗结冰
英文关键词:superhydrophobic coating  spraying  mechanical stability  anti-icing
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(52075071);工程仿生教育部重点实验室开放基金(KF20200002);中国空气动力研究与发展中心结冰与防除冰重点实验室开放课题资助项目(IADL 20210405)
作者单位
李天然 大连理工大学,辽宁 大连 116024 
卢晨光 大连理工大学,辽宁 大连 116024 
原子超 大连理工大学,辽宁 大连 116024 
刘聪 大连理工大学,辽宁 大连 116024 
李云单 中国航发沈阳发动机研究所,沈阳 110065 
刘亚华 大连理工大学,辽宁 大连 116024;工程仿生教育部重点实验室,长春 130022 
AuthorInstitution
LI Tian-ran Dalian University of Technology, Liaoning Dalian 116024, China 
LU Chen-guang Dalian University of Technology, Liaoning Dalian 116024, China 
YUAN Zi-chao Dalian University of Technology, Liaoning Dalian 116024, China 
LIU Cong Dalian University of Technology, Liaoning Dalian 116024, China 
LI Yun-dan AVIC Shenyang Engine Design and Research Institute, Shenyang 110065, China 
LIU Ya-hua Dalian University of Technology, Liaoning Dalian 116024, China ;Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering Ministry of Education, Changchun 130022, China 
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中文摘要:
      通过简单的一步喷涂法,以成膜树脂和疏水纳米粒子为材料,构建具有优异机械稳定性和抗结冰性的无氟耐用超疏水涂层(RSHC)。方法 以有机硅树脂(SI)和环氧树脂(EP)为成膜物质,掺入具有疏水性的SiO2复合尺度纳米粒子,采用一步喷涂法制备涂层。采用接触角测量仪等测量涂层的表面浸润性,通过线性摩擦实验、胶带剥离实验、射流冲击实验等测定涂层的机械稳定性,通过静态结冰实验、低温弹跳和冻雨实验等测定涂层的抗结冰性能。结果 制备的涂层表现出优异的超疏水性,其接触角为158°4°,滚动角为8°0.6°。当有机硅树脂、环氧树脂和SiO2纳米粒子的质量比为2.8∶1.2∶1时,涂层表面在具有良好疏水性的同时仍具有极佳的力学性能。线性摩擦实验结果表明,涂层具有良好的耐磨损性能,经过100次摩擦循环后,其表面水滴接触角仍可达到157°;胶带剥离实验结果表明,涂层与基底间具有坚实的附着力,在测试20次后其表面的水滴接触角仍保持大于150°;射流冲击实验结果表明,涂层具有一定的抗冲击性,在射流冲击30 min后涂层的表面接触角未明显减小。此外,覆盖涂层的基底具有优异的静态结冰延迟性能和动态防覆冰性能。在静态结冰实验中,涂层表面液滴的结冰时间延迟了约7倍;在低温弹跳和冻雨实验中,滴落的水滴能从表面完全弹起滚落,并且在低温冻雨环境中其表面可以保持无覆冰。结论 制备的耐用超疏水涂层具有良好的疏水性、机械稳定性和抗结冰性能,对耐用超疏水涂层的研究及实际应用具有一定的参考价值。
英文摘要:
      Superhydrophobic surfaces hold great application prospects in the fields of self-cleaning, drag reduction, condensing heat transfer and anti-icing. However, conventional superhydrophobic surfaces have some disadvantages such as complex preparation process and poor durability. The work aims to construct a fluorine-free robust superhydrophobic coating (RSHC) with excellent mechanical stability and anti-icing performance by simple one-step spraying process with film forming resin and hydrophobic nanoparticles. Silicone resin (SI) and epoxy resin (EP) were used as film forming materials, and hydrophobic SiO2 composite nanoparticles were added to prepare superhydrophobic coatings by one-step spraying. The surface wettability was characterized by contact angle measuring instrument. The surface morphology and elemental composition were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). By adjusting the ratio of SI, EP and SiO2 nanoparticles, the effects of different ratio of material composition on the coating properties were explored. The mechanical stability was assessed by linear friction test, tape stripping test and jet impact test. The coating was placed on sandpaper (grit no. 1000) and reciprocally pushed for 10 cm under a weight of 100 g to complete the linear friction test. The process of tape stripping test was to peel off from one end to the other at a uniform speed with tape after the coating surface was cross scratched. In the jet impact test, a high pressure water jet (42 kPa) was used to impact the superhydrophobic coating surface vertically. Moreover, the icing resistance of the surface was verified by tests including static drop freezing, drop bouncing at a low temperature and freezing rain impact. The static freezing experiment was performed by comparing the freezing time of static droplets on surfaces with or without coatings. The dynamic freezing test included drop bounce at a low temperature and freezing rain impact. The drop freezing time and drop impact dynamics were visualized and compared on different surfaces. It was shown that the coated surface possessed the best hydrophobicity and mechanical stability when the mass ratio of SI, EP and SiO2 nanoparticles was 2.8∶1.2∶1. The coating exhibited an excellent superhydrophobicity with a contact angle of 158°4° and a sliding angle of 8°0.6°. The enhanced wear resistance of durable superhydrophobic coating made the water contact angle larger than 157° after 100 friction cycles; the adhesive tape stripping experiment verified that the coating held a solid adhesion between the substrate and the coating, and the surface still maintained a contact angle greater than 150° after 20 stripping cycles. When water jet impinged on the coated surfaces for 30 min, the surface contact angle kept almost constant, indicating that the coating possessed a high impact resistance. In addition, the coated substrate had excellent static and dynamic anti-icing performance. In the static drop freezing experiment, the time delay on the coated surface was about 7 times than that on the uncoated ones. In the dynamic freezing experiment, the water flow could bounce and roll off the surface to keep the surface ice-free at a low temperature. Similar phenomenon was observed in the freezing rain drop impact. The superhydrophobic coating fabricated with silicone resin and epoxy resin possesses good hydrophobicity, mechanical stability and anti-icing performance, which shows positive impact on the research and application of robust superhydrophobic coating.
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