张菊梅,候安荣,李嘉诚,段鑫,王博,连朵朵,张萌春.LA43M镁锂合金表面水热合成Mg-Al LDH膜层的耐腐蚀及磨损性能[J].表面技术,2022,51(11):318-327.
ZHANG Ju-mei,HOU An-rong,LI Jia-cheng,DUAN Xin,WANG Bo,LIAN Duo-duo,ZHANG Meng-chun.Corrosion and Wear Resistance of Mg-Al LDH Coatings on LA43M Magnesium Lithium Alloy by Hydrothermal Method[J].Surface Technology,2022,51(11):318-327
LA43M镁锂合金表面水热合成Mg-Al LDH膜层的耐腐蚀及磨损性能
Corrosion and Wear Resistance of Mg-Al LDH Coatings on LA43M Magnesium Lithium Alloy by Hydrothermal Method
  
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2022.11.030
中文关键词:  镁锂合金  水热法  LDH  耐蚀性  耐磨性
英文关键词:magnesium lithium alloy  hydrothermal method  LDH  corrosion resistance  wear resistance
基金项目:陕西省教育厅专项科研计划项目(14JK1465);2020年陕西省大学生创新创业训练计划项目(S202010704129)
作者单位
张菊梅 西安科技大学 材料科学与工程学院,西安 710054 
候安荣 西安科技大学 材料科学与工程学院,西安 710054 
李嘉诚 西安科技大学 材料科学与工程学院,西安 710054 
段鑫 西安科技大学 材料科学与工程学院,西安 710054 
王博 国网陕西省电力公司电力科学研究院,西安 710054 
连朵朵 西安科技大学 材料科学与工程学院,西安 710054 
张萌春 西安科技大学 材料科学与工程学院,西安 710054 
AuthorInstitution
ZHANG Ju-mei School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xian University of Science & Technology, Xi'an 710054, China 
HOU An-rong School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xian University of Science & Technology, Xi'an 710054, China 
LI Jia-cheng School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xian University of Science & Technology, Xi'an 710054, China 
DUAN Xin School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xian University of Science & Technology, Xi'an 710054, China 
WANG Bo State Grid Shannxi Electric Power Research Institute, Xi'an 710054, China 
LIAN Duo-duo School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xian University of Science & Technology, Xi'an 710054, China 
ZHANG Meng-chun School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xian University of Science & Technology, Xi'an 710054, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 提高镁锂合金的耐蚀和耐磨性,拓宽其应用范围。方法 保持水热温度为90 ℃,改变水热时间,采用原位水热法在LA43M镁锂合金表面制备了Mg-Al 层状双金属氢氧化物(LDH)膜层。利用扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、能谱仪(EDS)、X射线衍射仪(XRD)分别表征了膜层的表面形貌、成分及物相。采用浸泡试验、析氢试验、动电位极化测试以及摩擦磨损试验对膜层的耐蚀性、耐磨性进行了评估。结果 水热反应后,在合金表面形成了细小片状结构,且随着水热时间的延长,尺寸变大,数量增加,分布越密集。经XRD分析,得到了LDH特征衍射峰。浸泡及析氢试验表明,LDH膜层的耐蚀性顺序为LDH-30 h>LDH-18 h> LDH-12 h>LA43M基体。其中LA43M基体在浸泡8 d后,腐蚀严重,出现了明显的腐蚀坑和裂纹;而LDH膜层试样腐蚀程度较轻,只在部分区域出现点蚀和微裂纹。动电位极化测试表明,水热30 h的膜层具有良好的耐蚀性。与基体相比,其自腐蚀电位提高了143.7 mV,腐蚀电流密度降低了约2个数量级。摩擦磨损试验结果显示,基体的摩擦因数最大,磨痕深而宽,而LDH膜层的摩擦因数均明显小于基体,磨痕浅而窄。结论 Mg-Al LDH膜层在提高镁锂合金基体耐蚀性的同时,也能使基体的耐磨性有所改善。
英文摘要:
      It is an advanced surface treatment technology by in-situ synthesis of Mg-Al Layered double hydroxide (LDH), which can improve surface properties without changing the matrix material, such as corrosion resistance, wear resistance, hydrophobic performance and other properties. Due to the active chemical properties of the magnesium alloy matrix and their low standard potential and poor corrosion resistance, which seriously limits its wide application and development. How to improve anticorrosion of magnesium alloys have attracted considerable attention. This article studies the corrosion resistance and wear corrosion of LDH coatings on surface of LA43M Mg-Li alloy. The LA43M Mg-Li alloy was divided into 25 mm×25 mm×3 mm thin slices as substrate.At room temperature (25 ℃), 0.05 mol/L Al (NO3)3.9H2O (AR) was prepared in 40 mL deionized water, and 0.01 mol/L NaOH (AR) was added to adjust the pH of the solution, keep it in the range of 12-13. The cleaned substrate samples and the mixed solution were transferred to a hydrothermal reactor and heated with an electric drying oven(101-0BS) at 90 ℃, and the hydrothermal time is 12, 18 and 30 h, respectively. After cooling to room temperature, the sample was removed and cleaned with alcohol and deionized water. The surface morphology, composition and phase of the coating were characterized by SEM, EDS and XRD respectively. The corrosion resistance and wear resistance of LDH coated samples were evaluated by immersion test, hydrogen evolution test, potentiodynamic polarization cures and friction and wear test. A well-formed LDH coating, which is uniform, strong adhesive to the substrate, was successfully prepared on the surface of LA43M Mg-Li alloy via a in-situ hydrothermal treatment. SEM results showed that after the hydrothermal reaction, fine sheet structures are formed on the surface of the alloy, and with the increase of hydrothermal time, their size and quantity increase, and their distribution become more densely. Meanwhile, the lamellar LDH nanosheet is well bonded with the substrate and its thickness gradually increased with an increase in the hydrothermal time. XRD result demonstrated that the Mg-Al LDH coating is mainly composed of LDH and Mg(OH)2 nanosheets. The experiments of immersion and hydrogen analysis showed that the corrosion resistance of LDH coatings rank as LDH-30 h>LDH-18 h>LDH-12 h>LA43M. After 8 days corrosion in simulated seawater 3.5wt.% NaCl solution, LA43M substrate were corroded into holes, with cracks and pitting corrosion. However, LDH coated samples had light corrosion, only some of them had pitting corrosion and microcracks. The potentiodynamic polarization cures of the film coated at 30 h exhibited excellent corrosion resistance. Compared with the substrate, its self-corrosion potential increased by 143.7 mV, and its corrosion current density decreased by about two orders of magnitude. The friction and wear test results showed that the substrate has the largest friction coefficient and the wear marks were deep and wide, and its wear mechanism is typical abrasive wear. while the friction coefficients of LDH coating were obviously smaller than the substrate, and the wear marks were shallow and narrow. The Mg-Al LDH coating exhibited an improved corrosion resistance, even after immersion in 3.5wt.% NaCl solution for 8 days, showing good corrosion resistance and durability. Furthermore, anti-corrosion and anti-wear protection mechanism of Mg-Al LDH layer was investigated and proposed. The corrosion protection ability of LDH coatings may be due to barrier protection, ion-exchange, competitive adsorption for chloride and self-healing property. Besides, LDH coating is strong adhesive to the substrate and stable chemical properties are also an important reason for improving corrosion resistance. On the other hand, LDH could significantly reduce the friction coefficient and wear of Mg-Li alloy substrate. The anti-wear mechanism of LDH could be described as follows:It contains a large number of active groups (such as hydroxyl, etc.), can effectively cover the rubbing pair, shear slip occurs between layers, thereby reducing the friction coefficient. In addition, micron-nano particles acted as lubricant to reduce the coefficient of friction and wear. All in all, this method is effective to improve the corrosion resistance and wear resistance of Mg-Li alloys, which is simple, cost-effective and eco-friend.
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