王小红,刘豪,蒋焰罡,李子硕,苏鹏,龙武,王水波.纳米TiO2颗粒对Ni-W-P合金镀层性能的影响[J].表面技术,2022,51(1):86-92, 104.
WANG Xiao-hong,LIU Hao,JIANG Yan-gang,LI Zi-shuo,SU Peng,LONG Wu,WANG Shui-bo.Effect of Nano-TiO2 Particles on Properties of Ni-W-P Alloy Coating[J].Surface Technology,2022,51(1):86-92, 104
纳米TiO2颗粒对Ni-W-P合金镀层性能的影响
Effect of Nano-TiO2 Particles on Properties of Ni-W-P Alloy Coating
投稿时间:2021-03-02  修订日期:2021-06-07
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2022.01.009
中文关键词:  2024铝合金  化学镀  Ni-W-P镀层  纳米TiO2  复合镀层  微观组织  耐蚀性
英文关键词:2024 aluminum alloy  chemical plating  Ni-W-P coating  nano-TiO2  composite coating  microstructure  corrosion resistance
基金项目:四川省科技厅应用基础项目(2021YJ0346)
作者单位
王小红 西南石油大学,成都 610500 
刘豪 西南石油大学,成都 610500 
蒋焰罡 西南石油大学,成都 610500 
李子硕 西南石油大学,成都 610500 
苏鹏 中国石油化工股份有限公司 西北油田分公司石油工程技术研究院,乌鲁木齐 830000 
龙武 中国石油化工股份有限公司 西北油田分公司石油工程技术研究院,乌鲁木齐 830000 
王水波 重庆大学,重庆 400030 
AuthorInstitution
WANG Xiao-hong Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China 
LIU Hao Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China 
JIANG Yan-gang Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China 
LI Zi-shuo Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China 
SU Peng Petroleum Engineering Technology Research Institute of Northwest Oilfield Branch of Sinopec, Urumqi 830000, China 
LONG Wu Petroleum Engineering Technology Research Institute of Northwest Oilfield Branch of Sinopec, Urumqi 830000, China 
WANG Shui-bo Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探究纳米TiO2颗粒对Ni-W-P镀层组织结构、耐蚀性与耐磨性能的影响,提高2024铝合金管材的耐蚀性。方法 使用化学镀的方法在2024铝合金表面制备了Ni-W-P/TiO2纳米复合镀层,通过SEM、EDS、XRD表征了镀层的表面形貌、表面元素分布以及镀层物相。对比了传统Ni-W-P镀层与所制备Ni-W-P/TiO2纳米复合镀层的显微硬度与耐磨性。结果 加入纳米TiO2颗粒后,镀层表面变得更加致密,晶粒得到细化。EDS结果表明,纳米TiO2颗粒在镀层中分布均匀。物相分析表明,镀层为晶态结构,加入纳米TiO2颗粒后,镀层平均晶粒尺寸为9.706 nm,比Ni-W-P镀层的晶粒尺寸减小了0.612 nm。失重试验表明,Ni-W-P/TiO2纳米复合镀层在Cl为2×105 mg/L的地层水中具有较强的耐蚀性,腐蚀速率为0.1062 g/(m2∙h),与Ni-W-P镀层的腐蚀速率相比,减少了21%;与Ni镀层的腐蚀速率相比,减少了31%;与2024铝合金的腐蚀速率相比,下降了69%。电化学测试结果表明,Ni-W-P/TiO2纳米复合镀层的自腐蚀电位较Ni-W-P镀层、Ni镀层以及2024铝合金分别正移了0.0813、0.1668、0.4141 V,腐蚀倾向更低。与Ni镀层、Ni-W-P镀层相比,Ni-W-P/TiO2纳米复合镀层具有最高的显微硬度(535.6HV)以及耐磨性(0.1942 mg/min)。结论 纳米TiO2颗粒的加入可以减小镀层的晶粒尺寸,使镀层表面更加致密,同时提高镀层的硬度,增强镀层的耐蚀性与耐磨性。
英文摘要:
      This paper is to explore the effect of Nano-TiO2 particles on the microstructure, corrosion resistance and wear resistance of Ni-W-P coating, and improve the corrosion resistance of 2024 aluminum alloy pipe. Ni-W-P/TiO2 nanocomposite coating was prepared on the surface of 2024 aluminum alloy by electroless plating. The surface morphology, surface element distribution and phase of the coating were characterized by SEM, EDS and XRD. The microhardness and wear resistance of the traditional Ni-W-P coating and the prepared Ni-W-P/TiO2 nanocomposite coating were compared. The results show that the grain of the coating is refined after adding nano-TiO2 particles. EDS results show that nano-TiO2 particles are evenly distributed in the coating. The phase analysis shows that the coating is nanocrystalline. The average grain size of the coating is 9.706 nm after adding nano-TiO2 particles, which is 0.612 nm smaller than that of Ni-W-P coating. The weight loss test shows that the Ni-W-P/TiO2 nanocomposite coating with the content of Cl– is 2×105 mg/L formation water has strong corrosion resistance, and the corrosion rate is 0.1062 g/(m2∙h), which is 21% lower than that of Ni-W-P coating, 31% lower than that of Ni coating and 69% lower than that of aluminum alloy substrate. The electrochemical results show that the self corrosion potential of Ni-W-P/TiO2 nanocomposite coating is 0.0813 V, 0.1668 V and 0.4141 V higher than that of Ni-W-P coating, Ni coating and 2024 aluminum alloy, respectively, and the corrosion tendency is lower. Compared with Ni-W-P coating, Ni coating, Ni-W-P/TiO2 nanocomposite coating has the highest microhardness (535.6HV) and wear resistance (0.1942 mg/min). The addition of nano-TiO2 particles can reduce the grain size of the coating, make the coating surface more compact, improve the hardness of the coating, and enhance the corrosion resistance and wear resistance of the coating.
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