陈逢军,张肖肖,胡天.静电喷雾制备功能化表面膜层的研究进展[J].表面技术,2021,50(9):1-13.
CHEN Feng-jun,ZHANG Xiao-xiao,HU Tian.Research Progress of Functional Surface Coatings Preparation by Using Electrostatic Spray[J].Surface Technology,2021,50(9):1-13
静电喷雾制备功能化表面膜层的研究进展
Research Progress of Functional Surface Coatings Preparation by Using Electrostatic Spray
投稿时间:2021-05-31  修订日期:2021-08-01
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2021.09.001
中文关键词:  静电喷雾  静电雾化  膜层  薄膜  功能表面  膜层厚度
英文关键词:electrostatic spray  electrostatic atomization  coating  film  functional surface  coating thickness
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51975204)
作者单位
陈逢军 湖南大学 机械与运载工程学院,长沙 410082 
张肖肖 湖南大学 机械与运载工程学院,长沙 410082 
胡天 湖南艾凯瑞斯智能科技有限公司,长沙 410205 
AuthorInstitution
CHEN Feng-jun School of Mechanical and Vehicle Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China 
ZHANG Xiao-xiao School of Mechanical and Vehicle Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China 
HU Tian Hunan Accuracy Intelligent Technology Co.Ltd, Changsha 410205, China 
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中文摘要:
      静电喷雾是一种高效且应用广泛的膜层制备技术,能够使微细粒子均匀分布,在微纳米材料加工制备领域表现出巨大的潜力。介绍了静电喷雾技术在制备功能化表面膜层的最新研究进展,总结了静电喷雾技术的优缺点。在静电喷雾机理与装置方面,详细阐述了泰勒锥液滴、微细射流及破碎雾化过程,分析了膜层在喷雾中的生长过程以及累积之后的内部变化,论述了膜层相组成和晶体结构的控制方式,介绍了液滴的带电方式和有无静电场的区别,对比了静电喷雾的多种装置及喷嘴类型;在氧化物膜层方面,介绍了金属氧化物膜层、非金属氧化物膜层、金属颗粒掺杂氧化物膜层,以及复合膜层的成膜条件、膜层相组成和晶体结构。归纳了多种功能的静电喷雾聚合物膜层,分析了静电喷雾在钠离子电池、锂离子电池以及钙钛矿太阳能电池中的应用。描述了含碳、硅等非金属无机物膜层的研究现状,探讨了静电喷雾参数对膜层结构的影响,以及膜层结构和性能的关系,并概括了多种膜层的厚度变化。最后,展望了静电喷雾技术的应用前景及发展趋势。
英文摘要:
      Electrostatic spray is an efficient and widely-used coating preparation technology. With the ability to produce fine particles and uniform spray distribution, it has shown a great potential in the processing and preparation of micro-nano materials. The new research progress of electrostatic spray technology in functionalized surface coating was introduced, and the advantages and disadvantages of electrostatic spray were summarized. In terms of electrostatic spray mechanism and device, the process of Taylor cone, fine jet and broken atomization was explained, and the growth process of the coating in the spray and the internal change after the accumulation were analyzed. The control methods of coating phase composition and crystal structure were discussed. The transmission of the droplets and the difference between the electrostatic field were introduced, and various devices and nozzle types including single nozzle, coaxial nozzle, multi-nozzle were compared. When it comes to the oxide coating, the formation conditions, the phase composition and the crystal structure of metal oxidation coating, non-metal oxide coating, metal particle doped oxide coating and the composite coating were summarized. Multiple functions of polymer coating were concluded. The application of electrostatic spray in sodium ion batteries, lithium ion batteries and perovskite solar cells was analyzed. The current research status of non-metallic inorganic coating containing carbon and silicon were described. The effects of electrostatic spray parameters on the structure of the coating and the relationship between the structure were discussed, and the thickness variation of the plurality of coating was summarized. Finally, the application and development trend of electrostatic spray technology were prospected.
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