钟汉烈,汪舟,甘进,王晓丽,杨莹,闫占乱,韦婷婷.基于ABAUQS-Matlab对42CrMo钢表面感应淬火奥氏体化参数的研究[J].表面技术,2020,49(9):266-273.
ZHONG Han-lie,WANG Zhou,GAN Jin,WANG Xiao-li,YANG Ying,YAN Zhan-luan,WEI Ting-ting.42CrMo Austenitization Kinetic Parameters in Induction Hardening Process Based on ABAQUS-Matlab[J].Surface Technology,2020,49(9):266-273
基于ABAUQS-Matlab对42CrMo钢表面感应淬火奥氏体化参数的研究
42CrMo Austenitization Kinetic Parameters in Induction Hardening Process Based on ABAQUS-Matlab
投稿时间:2019-12-11  修订日期:2020-09-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2020.09.030
中文关键词:  42CrMo钢  JMAK模型  奥氏体化  表面感应淬火  相变模拟
英文关键词:42CrMo steel  JMAK model  austenitization  surface induction hardening  transformation simulation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51879208,51405356)
作者单位
钟汉烈 1.武汉理工大学 a.汽车工程学院 b.现代汽车零部件技术湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430070;2.汽车零部件技术湖北省协同创新中心,武汉 430070 
汪舟 1.武汉理工大学 a.汽车工程学院 b.现代汽车零部件技术湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430070;2.汽车零部件技术湖北省协同创新中心,武汉 430070 
甘进 3.武汉理工大学 交通学院,武汉 430063 
王晓丽 1.武汉理工大学 a.汽车工程学院 b.现代汽车零部件技术湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430070;2.汽车零部件技术湖北省协同创新中心,武汉 430070 
杨莹 1.武汉理工大学 a.汽车工程学院 b.现代汽车零部件技术湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430070;2.汽车零部件技术湖北省协同创新中心,武汉 430070 
闫占乱 1.武汉理工大学 a.汽车工程学院 b.现代汽车零部件技术湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430070;2.汽车零部件技术湖北省协同创新中心,武汉 430070 
韦婷婷 1.武汉理工大学 a.汽车工程学院 b.现代汽车零部件技术湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430070;2.汽车零部件技术湖北省协同创新中心,武汉 430070 
AuthorInstitution
ZHONG Han-lie 1.a.School of Automotive Engineering, b.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China; 2.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan 430070, China 
WANG Zhou 1.a.School of Automotive Engineering, b.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China; 2.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan 430070, China 
GAN Jin 3.School of Transportation, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430063, China 
WANG Xiao-li 1.a.School of Automotive Engineering, b.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China; 2.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan 430070, China 
YANG Ying 1.a.School of Automotive Engineering, b.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China; 2.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan 430070, China 
YAN Zhan-luan 1.a.School of Automotive Engineering, b.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China; 2.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan 430070, China 
WEI Ting-ting 1.a.School of Automotive Engineering, b.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China; 2.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan 430070, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 确定42CrMo钢感应淬火过程的奥氏体相变动力学参数,并验证其可靠性。方法 根据不同加热速率下42CrMo钢奥氏体膨胀曲线,基于经典JMAK(Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov)模型和Kissinger方法,确定了42CrMo钢奥氏体化相变动力学的参数。建立ABAQUS局部移动式感应淬火模型,选取淬火区域加热过程中点的温度变化曲线作为验证奥氏体化模型的对象。基于Scheil法则和JMAK相变动力学模型,采用文中求解得到的奥氏体化参数,采用Matlab对42CrMo连续转变过程离散为每个时间间隔的等温相变并求解,并对照相关学者采用的扩展解析动力学模型和JAMK模型,加以验证。结果 根据上述方法,得到的42CrMo奥氏体相变动力学参数为:激活能Q为2.04×106 J/mol,指前因子lnk0的值取230.78,Avrami指数n取0.427。将淬火加热过程离散为数量很大的均匀时间间隔,并以求解的动力学模型在每个间隔内进行对应温度条件下奥氏体体积分数的求解并顺次叠加,以模拟得到的奥氏体转变时间和转变温度等作为依据,该模型有良好的表现性。结论 对42CrMo非等温且加热速度不恒定的连续奥氏体转变过程,JAMK模型拟合表现良好,采用文中求解的参数组对表面感应淬火的奥氏体转变历程进行仿真预测是可行的。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to determine the austenitization kinetics parameters of 42CrMo steel and verify the reliability of the parameters. The austenitization kinetics parameters of 42CrMo steel were determined according to the austenitic expansion curves of 42CrMo steel with different heating rates via the classical JMAK (Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov) model and Kissinger method. The ABAQUS local moving induction hardening model was established, and the temperature change curve of the heating point in the hardening area was selected as the object to verify the austenitization model. Based on Scheil law and JMAK transformation kinetics model, the austenitization parameters obtained were used to discretize the continuous transformation process of 42CrMo into isothermal transformation at each time interval in Matlab and provide solution and carry out verification according to the extended analytical kinetics model and JAMK model adopted by relevant scholars. The austenitization kinetics parameters of 42CrMo obtained according to above methods were: activation energy of 2.04×106 J/mol, pro-exponential factor lnk0 of 230.78, and Avrami exponent n of 0.427, respectively. The hardening heating process could be divided into a large number of uniform time intervals, and the solved kinetics model was used to solve the austenite volume fraction at the corresponding temperature in each interval, which was superimposed in sequence. Based on the simulated austenite transformation time and transformation temperature, the model had good performance. JAMK model fits well for the continuous austenite transformation process of 42CrMo with non-isothermal and non-constant heating rate. It is feasible to use the parameter set solved in this work to simulate and predict the austenite transformation process of surface induction hardening.
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