王丽君,文广,李明昆,王梦超,陈辉.TiAlN/CrN多层膜的组织结构及耐蚀性机理[J].表面技术,2020,49(8):268-274.
WANG Li-jun,WEN Guang,LI Ming-kun,WANG Meng-chao,CHEN Hui.Microstructure and Corrosion Resistance Mechanism of TiAlN/CrN Multilayer Coatings[J].Surface Technology,2020,49(8):268-274
TiAlN/CrN多层膜的组织结构及耐蚀性机理
Microstructure and Corrosion Resistance Mechanism of TiAlN/CrN Multilayer Coatings
投稿时间:2020-01-10  修订日期:2020-08-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2020.08.031
中文关键词:  TiAlN/CrN多层膜  TiAlN涂层  CrN涂层  多弧离子镀  耐腐蚀性  电化学性能
英文关键词:TiAlN/CrN multilayer coating  TiAlN coating  CrN coating  multi-arc ion plating  corrosion resistance  electrochemical property
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFB0305900);四川省教育厅项目(18ZB0045);四川省科技计划资助(2020JDRC0048)
作者单位
王丽君 1.成都工业职业技术学院,成都 610000 
文广 1.成都工业职业技术学院,成都 610000 
李明昆 1.成都工业职业技术学院,成都 610000 
王梦超 2.西南交通大学,成都 610000 
陈辉 2.西南交通大学,成都 610000 
AuthorInstitution
WANG Li-jun 1.Chengdu Industrial Vocational Technical College, Chengdu 610000, China 
WEN Guang 1.Chengdu Industrial Vocational Technical College, Chengdu 610000, China 
LI Ming-kun 1.Chengdu Industrial Vocational Technical College, Chengdu 610000, China 
WANG Meng-chao 2.Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610000, China 
CHEN Hui 2.Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610000, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究TiAlN/CrN多层膜及TiAlN、CrN单一膜层的微观组织和电化学性能区别,分析不同结构薄膜材料的耐腐蚀性影响因素。基于电化学参数、组织结构和腐蚀形貌特征,为开发新型腐蚀性薄膜提供理论依据。方法 采用多弧离子镀方法,在316不锈钢基底上先沉积150 nm Cr薄膜作为过渡层,然后交替沉积CrN薄膜和TiAlN薄膜,制备单层厚度为10 nm的TiAlN/CrN多层膜。作为对比,制备单一TiAlN、CrN薄膜。通过SEM、XRD表征薄膜断面形貌、组织结构,并分析耐蚀机理,结合极化曲线和阻抗谱对三种涂层进行电化学性能分析,最后对涂层进行浸泡腐蚀试验。结果 TiAlN/CrN纳米多层膜为面心立方结构,呈现共格外延生长,且呈(200)择优取向。纳米多层膜的动电位极化曲线测量结果与不锈钢基体和单层薄膜相比,其腐蚀电位正移为-0.36 V,腐蚀电流密度降低为0.501 μA/cm2,极化电阻为120 kΩ•cm2。阻抗谱试验结果表明,相比较于单层膜和基体,TiAlN/CrN多层膜的CPE值最低,为29.83×10-6 Ω-1•cm-2•sn,n值为0.922,电阻为1.50×106 Ω•cm2。腐蚀形貌分析可得出,多层薄膜腐蚀后表面形貌与沉积态涂层形貌最为接近,认为其具有较高的耐腐蚀性。结论 纳米层状结构改变了单一薄膜的原始生长模式,抑制了粗大柱状晶的生长,减小了薄膜的固有缺陷、晶粒尺寸,对薄膜的耐蚀性有正面积极的作用。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to study the difference in microstructure and electrochemical properties of multilayer coating (TiAlN/CrN) and single coating (TiAlN and CrN) and analyze the corrosion resistance factors of coatings with different structures, to provide theoretical reference for the development of new anti-corrosive coatings based on the characteristics of electrochemical parameters, microstructure and corrosion morphology. 150 nm Cr coating was deposited on 316 stainless steel substrate with multi-arc ion plating as the transition layer. Then, CrN and TiAlN coatings were deposited alternately to prepare the TiAlN/CrN multilayer coatings with a thickness of 10 nm. Finally, CrN and TiAlN coatings were prepared for contrast. The cross-sectional morphology and microstructure of coatings were characterized by SEM and XRD and the corrosion resistance mechanism was analyzed. Combined with polarization curves and impedance spectrum, the electrochemical properties of three coatings were tested and immersion corrosion test was carried out to the coatings. The TiAlN/CrN multilayer coating exhibited a face centered cubic structure and showed co-extensive growth and (200) preferred orientation. Through the comparison of measurement results of potential polarization curves for the multilayer coating, stainless steel substrate and single coating, the corrosion potential of multilayer coating shifted positively to -0.36 V, the corrosion current density decreased to 0.501 μA/cm2 and the polarization resistance was 120 kΩ•cm2. In terms of EIS, TiAlN/CrN multilayer coating possessed the lowest value of CPE (29.83×10-6 Ω-1•cm-2•sn), n of 0.922 and resistance of 1.50×106 Ω•cm2, compared with stainless steel substrate and single coating. Furthermore, the corrosion morphology of multilayer coating was closed to the morphology of as-deposited coating. Therefore, the TiAlN/CrN multilayer coating exhibited superior corrosion resistance. Nano-layered structure changes the original growth mode of single coating, inhibits the growth of coarse columnar crystals, reduces the inherent defects and grain size of the coating, and plays a positive role in the corrosion resistance of the coating.
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