李珂尧,周健松,王凌倩.B、Si元素对激光熔覆Fe-Cr-Mo-B-Si非晶涂层的非晶形成能力及其摩擦学机理的影响[J].表面技术,2020,49(8):192-202.
LI Ke-yao,ZHOU Jian-song,WANG Ling-qian.Effect of B and Si Elements on the Amorphous Formation Ability and Tribological Mechanism of Fe-Cr-Mo-B-Si Amorphous Coatings by Laser Cladding[J].Surface Technology,2020,49(8):192-202
B、Si元素对激光熔覆Fe-Cr-Mo-B-Si非晶涂层的非晶形成能力及其摩擦学机理的影响
Effect of B and Si Elements on the Amorphous Formation Ability and Tribological Mechanism of Fe-Cr-Mo-B-Si Amorphous Coatings by Laser Cladding
投稿时间:2020-01-16  修订日期:2020-08-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2020.08.022
中文关键词:  激光熔覆  铁基非晶涂层  组织结构  力学性能  耐磨性
英文关键词:laser cladding  Fe-based amorphous coating  microstructure  mechanical property  wear resistance
基金项目:
作者单位
李珂尧 1.中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所 固体润滑国家重点实验室,兰州 730000;2.中国科学院大学 材料与光电研究中心,北京 100049 
周健松 1.中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所 固体润滑国家重点实验室,兰州 730000 
王凌倩 1.中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所 固体润滑国家重点实验室,兰州 730000 
AuthorInstitution
LI Ke-yao 1.State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China; 2.Center of Materials Science and Optoelectronics Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 
ZHOU Jian-song 1.State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China 
WANG Ling-qian 1.State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探究不同配比的B、Si元素对铁基非晶涂层非晶形成能力的影响,确定B、Si元素的最佳配比。方法 通过对B、Si元素配比进行优化,采用激光熔覆技术制备组织均匀、性能优良的铁基非晶涂层,利用X射线衍射仪、扫描电子显微镜、能谱分析仪、显微硬度计、纳米压痕仪与摩擦试验机对涂层的结构物相、微观形貌、力学性能及其摩擦学性能进行分析测试,研究B、Si元素对铁基非晶涂层组织结构与摩擦学性能的影响。结果 B、Si元素的原子数分数均达到10%时,涂层的非晶含量最高,由不含B、Si元素时的15%提升至47%,涂层由非晶相、铁基固溶体和铁铬钼的金属间化合物组成。涂层厚度在400 μm左右,显微维氏硬度达到1400HV0.2。在往复摩擦条件下,涂层的摩擦系数稳定在0.45,磨损率为2.28× 10–6 mm3/(N•m),耐磨性能优良。结论 在激光熔覆FeCrMoBSi非晶涂层时,当B、Si元素的原子数分数均为10%时,B、Si小原子尺寸元素可以阻碍铁基非晶涂层中FeCrMo金属间化合物的形成,有效提高其非晶形成能力,进一步提高涂层的硬度和摩擦学性能。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to explore the influence of different ratios of B and Si elements on the amorphous formation ability of Fe-based amorphous coatings, and determine the optimum ratio of B and Si. By optimizing the ratio of B and Si elements, Fe-based amorphous coatings with uniform microstructure and excellent performance were prepared by laser cladding technology. The phase composition, microstructure, mechanical properties and tribological properties of the Fe-based amorphous coating were analyzed and tested by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, energy disperse spectroscope, Vickers indenter, nano-indentor and friction testing machine. The effects of B and Si elements on the microstructure and tribological properties of Fe-based amorphous coatings were investigated. The coating had the highest amorphous content of about 47% when the content of B and Si reached 10atm% and mainly included amorphous phase, homogeneous Fe-based solid solution and FeCrMo intermetallic compounds. The thickness of the coating was about 400 μm, and the micro-Vickers hardness was up to 1400HV0.2. Under the condition of reciprocating friction, the friction coefficient of the coating was stable at 0.45, and the wear rate was 2.28×10–6 mm3/N•m. The coating showed excellent wear resistance. The small size elements of B and Si with an atomic percentage of 10% can effectively improve the amorphous formation ability of Fe-based amorphous coating by laser cladding due to preventing the formation of FeCrMo intermetallic compounds, and further improve the hardness and tribological properties of the coating.
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