彭甜甜,林超林,陈尧,王辉,胡静.离子渗氮化合物层物相调控对耐磨性的影响[J].表面技术,2020,49(8):172-177.
PENG Tian-tian,LIN Chao-lin,CHEN Yao,WANG Hui,HU Jing.Effect of Phase Regulation of Plasma Nitriding Compound Layer on Wear Resistance[J].Surface Technology,2020,49(8):172-177
离子渗氮化合物层物相调控对耐磨性的影响
Effect of Phase Regulation of Plasma Nitriding Compound Layer on Wear Resistance
投稿时间:2019-09-11  修订日期:2020-08-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2020.08.019
中文关键词:  38CrMoAl钢  离子渗氮  化合物层  物相  耐磨性
英文关键词:38CrMoAl steel  plasma nitriding  compound layer  phase  wear resistance
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51774052,21978025);江苏省第三期优势学科建设项目(PAPD-3);江苏高校品牌专业建设工程资助项目(TAPP);江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划项目(SJCX18_0955 & KYCX19_1754)
作者单位
彭甜甜 1.常州大学 a.江苏省材料表面科学与技术重点实验室,江苏 常州 213164 
林超林 1.常州大学 a.江苏省材料表面科学与技术重点实验室 c.材料科学与工程国家级实验教学示范中心,江苏 常州 213164 
陈尧 1.常州大学 a.江苏省材料表面科学与技术重点实验室 b.江苏省光伏科学与工程协同创新中心,江苏 常州 213164 
王辉 1.常州大学 a.江苏省材料表面科学与技术重点实验室,江苏 常州 213164;2.南京工程学院 江苏省智能制造装备工程实验室,南京 211167 
胡静 1.常州大学 a.江苏省材料表面科学与技术重点实验室 b.江苏省光伏科学与工程协同创新中心,江苏 常州 213164 
AuthorInstitution
PENG Tian-tian 1.a.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials Surface Science and Technology, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China 
LIN Chao-lin 1.a.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials Surface Science and Technology, c.National Experimental Demonstration Center for Materials Science and Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China 
CHEN Yao 1.a.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials Surface Science and Technology, b.Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Photovolatic Science and Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China 
WANG Hui 1.a.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials Surface Science and Technology, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China; 2.Jiangsu Provincial Engineering Laboratory of Intelligent Manufacturing Equipment, Nanjing Institute of Technology, Nanjing 211167, China 
HU Jing 1.a.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials Surface Science and Technology, b.Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Photovolatic Science and Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探索化合物层物相与耐磨性的关系,并实现其有效调控,从而满足不同零部件的服役性能要求。方法 选用常用渗氮钢38CrMoAl进行不同氮气比(15%、20%、25%)离子渗氮研究,渗氮温度为510 ℃,保温4 h。采用光学显微镜、X射线衍射仪、显微硬度计和摩擦磨损试验机对渗氮后的显微组织、物相组成、截面硬度、耐磨性进行了测试和分析。结果 在相同的渗氮温度下,调节氮气比可获得不同物相组成的化合物层。在渗氮温度510 ℃下,氮气比为20%时满足形成γ'相的临界氮势,从而得到γ'单相化合物层。氮气比达到25%时,满足形成ε相的临界氮势,渗氮层中γ'相形成,并动态转变成ε相,使ε相逐渐增多,形成ε+γ'双相化合物层。结论 38CrMoAl经不同氮气比离子渗氮后形成了ε+γ'双相化合物层,在较小磨损载荷(200 g)下,具有更优的耐磨性。但在较大磨损载荷(400 g)下,氮气比20%获得的γ'单相化合物层试样磨痕较窄,摩擦系数较小,即在较大磨损载荷下,γ'单相化合物层比ε+γ'双相化合物层表现出更加优异的耐磨性能。该研究可为不同磨损服役条件的零部件离子渗氮工艺设计提供参考。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to explore the relationship between the phases of compound layer and wear resistance, and realize its effective regulation, so as to meet the service performance requirements of different parts. The common nitriding steel 38CrMoAl was selected for plasma nitriding with different nitrogen ratios (15%, 20%, and 25%) at the nitriding temperature of 510 ℃ for 4 hours. The microstructure, phase constituents, cross-sectional microhardness and wear resistance of the nitriding layer were tested and analyzed by optical microscopy (OM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), microhardness tester and friction and wear tester. At the same nitriding temperature, the compound layers with different phase composition could be obtained by adjusting nitrogen ratios. When the nitriding temperature was 510 ℃ and the nitrogen ratio was 20%, the critical nitrogen potential for the formation of the γ' phase was satisfied, thus the γ' single phase compound layer was obtained. When the nitrogen ratio reached 25%, the critical nitrogen potential for the formation of the ε phase was satisfied. The dynamic formation and transformation of the γ' phase in the nitriding layer into the ε phase increased the ε phase gradually and ε+γ' biphasic compound layer was obtained. The ε+γ' biphasic compound layer formed by 38CrMoAl after plasma nitriding with different nitrogen ratios has better wear resistance at a small wear load of 200 g. However, when the wear load is 400 g, the wear scar and the friction coefficient of γ' single phase compound layer are narrower and smaller at 20% nitrogen ratio. That is to say, under the heavier wear load, the wear resistance of the γ' single-phase compound layer is better than that of the ε+γ' biphasic compound layer. This study can provide reference for the design of ion nitriding process for parts with different wear and service conditions.
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