李丹阳,殷凤仕,王晓明,朱胜,韩国峰.镍基高温合金修复强化技术研究现状及发展趋势[J].表面技术,2020,49(8):105-122.
LI Dan-yang,YIN Feng-shi,WANG Xiao-ming,ZHU Sheng,HAN Guo-feng.Research Status and Development Trend of Reinforcement Technique of Nickel-based Superalloy[J].Surface Technology,2020,49(8):105-122
镍基高温合金修复强化技术研究现状及发展趋势
Research Status and Development Trend of Reinforcement Technique of Nickel-based Superalloy
投稿时间:2020-01-02  修订日期:2020-08-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2020.08.012
中文关键词:  镍基高温合金  表面工程  增材修复  修复强化  多能束能场复合
英文关键词:nickel-based superalloy  surface engineering  additive repair  repair reinforcement  multi-energy beam field compound
基金项目:中国科协青年人才托举工程(2017QNRC001),东北大学航空动力装备振动及控制教育部重点实验室研究基金资助项目(VCAME201706)
作者单位
李丹阳 1.山东理工大学 a.化学化工学院,山东 淄博 255000;2.陆军装甲兵学院 装备再制造技术国防科技重点实验室,北京 100072 
殷凤仕 1.山东理工大学 b.机械工程学院,山东 淄博 255000 
王晓明 2.陆军装甲兵学院 装备再制造技术国防科技重点实验室,北京 100072 
朱胜 2.陆军装甲兵学院 装备再制造技术国防科技重点实验室,北京 100072 
韩国峰 2.陆军装甲兵学院 装备再制造技术国防科技重点实验室,北京 100072 
AuthorInstitution
LI Dan-yang 1.a. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, China; 2.Key Laboratory of National Defense Science and Technology of Equipment Remanufacturing Technology, Academy of Armored Forces Engineering, Beijing 100072, China 
YIN Feng-shi 1.b. School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, China 
WANG Xiao-ming 2.Key Laboratory of National Defense Science and Technology of Equipment Remanufacturing Technology, Academy of Armored Forces Engineering, Beijing 100072, China 
ZHU Sheng 2.Key Laboratory of National Defense Science and Technology of Equipment Remanufacturing Technology, Academy of Armored Forces Engineering, Beijing 100072, China 
HAN Guo-feng 2.Key Laboratory of National Defense Science and Technology of Equipment Remanufacturing Technology, Academy of Armored Forces Engineering, Beijing 100072, China 
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中文摘要:
      镍基高温合金具有优良的高温强度和抗氧化性能,广泛应用于航空发动机、涡轮叶片等热端部件。其在高温、高压、高转速及交变负荷等恶劣条件下长期使用过程中,易出现烧蚀、磨损等表面损伤和掉块、断裂等体积损伤。采用特定的表面工程技术和增材修复技术可有效恢复损伤零件的尺寸和性能,为镍基高温合金综合使役性能的保持和再生提供可行途径。重点综述了表面改性、表面镀层、表面涂层、载能束增材、能束能场复合等镍基高温合金修复强化技术国内外研究现状,归纳总结了各修复方法的技术原理、工艺特点及应用范围。加强能束能场复合修复技术开发、能束能场与材料的作用机理,以及修复过程形性协同调控等方面的研究,对拓宽工艺适用范围、降低修复强化层缺陷以及增强修复机动时效性具有重要意义,是镍基高温合金修复强化技术未来发展趋势。
英文摘要:
      Nickel-based superalloys are widely applied to the critical components of aeroengine turbine blades due to their superior strength and oxidation resistance at high temperature. During long-term repeated use under severe conditions such as high temperature, high pressure, high rotation speed and alternating load, nickel-based superalloys are prone to surface damage (such as ablation and wear), and volume damage (such as blockage and fracture). The use of specific surface engineering techniques and additive repair techniques can quickly restore the size and performance of damaged parts, providing a viable way to maintain and regenerate of the comprehensive performance of nickel-based superalloys. The research status of surface modification, surface plating, surface coating, energy-carrying beam additive and energy beam energy field recombination and other nickel-base superalloy repair and strengthening technology was reviewed emphatically. The technical principles, process characteristics and application range of each repair reinforcement method were summarized. It is pointed out that strengthening the development of energy beam field composite repair technology, the action mechanism of energy beam field and materials, and the shape synergistic regulation of the repair process is of great significance to broaden the application scope of the process, reduce the defects of the repair reinforcement layer and enhance the timeliness of repairing the maneuver and it is also the future development trend of the nickel-based superalloy repair and reinforcement technology.
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