陈小平,宋玉,陈静武,黄涛,汪兵,张星燕,王向东.不同金属盐对水合肼化学镀镍层耐蚀性能的影响[J].表面技术,2020,49(7):294-302.
CHEN Xiao-ping,SONG Yu,CHEN Jing-wu,HUANG Tao,WANG Bing,ZHANG Xing-yan,WANG Xiang-dong.Corrosion Resistance of the Coating Affected by Different Metal Salts in Hydrazine Hydrate Electroless Nickel Plating[J].Surface Technology,2020,49(7):294-302
不同金属盐对水合肼化学镀镍层耐蚀性能的影响
Corrosion Resistance of the Coating Affected by Different Metal Salts in Hydrazine Hydrate Electroless Nickel Plating
投稿时间:2019-12-24  修订日期:2020-07-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2020.07.037
中文关键词:  化学镀镍  水合肼  金属盐  硫酸镍  耐蚀性  耐蚀机理
英文关键词:electroless nickel plating  hydrazine hydrate  metal salts  nickel sulfate  corrosion resistance  mechanism of corrosion resistance
基金项目:稀土永磁材料国家重点实验室开放课题(SKLREPM17OF08)
作者单位
陈小平 1.钢铁研究总院,北京 100081 
宋玉 1.钢铁研究总院,北京 100081;2.华电电力科学研究院有限公司,杭州 310012 
陈静武 3.稀土永磁材料国家重点实验室,合肥 230000 
黄涛 1.钢铁研究总院,北京 100081 
汪兵 1.钢铁研究总院,北京 100081 
张星燕 1.钢铁研究总院,北京 100081 
王向东 1.钢铁研究总院,北京 100081 
AuthorInstitution
CHEN Xiao-ping 1.Central Iron & Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100081, China 
SONG Yu 1.Central Iron & Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100081, China; 2.Huadian Electric Power Research Institute Co. Ltd, Hangzhou 310012, China 
CHEN Jing-wu 3.National Key Laboratory for Rare-earth Permanent Magnetic Material, Hefei 230000, China 
HUANG Tao 1.Central Iron & Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100081, China 
WANG Bing 1.Central Iron & Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100081, China 
ZHANG Xing-yan 1.Central Iron & Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100081, China 
WANG Xiang-dong 1.Central Iron & Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100081, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 对比研究三种金属盐的化学镀镍层组织和性能,选出最佳金属盐,并开发出一种以水合肼为还原剂的化学镀镍新配方。方法 采用金相显微镜、扫描电镜(SEM)等形貌表征手段,测厚法、质量法等速度表征手段,及盐雾实验和电化学极化曲线测试等耐蚀性表征手段,分别研究硫酸镍(NiSO4•6H2O)、碳酸镍(NiCO3•2Ni(OH)2•4H2O)和氨基磺酸镍(Ni(NH2SO3)2•4H2O)三种金属盐对Fe基体化学镀镍层形貌、沉积速度和耐蚀性能的影响。结果 以水合肼为化学镀镍液中的还原剂,在其他实验条件相同时,镀层形貌依次为硫酸镍最优,氨基磺酸镍次之,碳酸镍较差。采用厚度法计算得到化学镀镍沉积速度,碳酸镍平均镀速为5.33 μm/h,氨基磺酸镍为4.83 μm/h,硫酸镍为4.00 μm/h。耐蚀性能与形貌对应,硫酸镍镀层盐雾实验出现锈点时间最晚,电化学极化曲线测试表明其自腐蚀电位最正,腐蚀电流最小,耐蚀性能最好,而氨基磺酸镍次之,碳酸镍最差。结论 将耐蚀性能作为选择金属盐标准,选择硫酸镍金属盐时,化学镀镍沉积速度最慢,此时形成的镀镍层形貌最好,耐蚀性能最佳,因此硫酸镍为水合肼化学镀镍金属盐的最佳选择。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to develop a new formula of electroless nickel plating with hydrazine hydrate as reducing agent by comparing the microstructure and properties of electroless nickel plating of three metal salts and selecting the best metal salt. The effect of three metal salts (NiSO4•6H2O, NiCO3•2Ni(OH)2•4H2O, Ni(NH2SO3)2•4H2O) on morphology, plating rate and corrosion resistance of hydrazine hydrate electroless nickel plating on metal Fe was studied by morphology characterization means of metalloscope and scan electron microscope (SEM), rate characterization means of thickness measurement and weight method and corrosion resistance characterization means such as salt spray experiments and electrochemical polarization curve tests. With hydrazine hydrate as reducing agent in the electroless nickel plating solution, when other factors were the same, nickel sulfate had the best coating microstructure, followed by nickel aminosulfonate and nickel carbonate had the worst. The rate of electroless nickel plating was calculated by thickness method, the average rate of nickel carbonate plating was 5.33 μm/h, the average rate of nickel aminosulfonate plating was 4.83 μm/h, and the average rate of nickel sulfate plating was 4.00 μm/h. Corrosion resistance corresponded to morphology, the rust spot time of nickel sulfate coating in salt spray experiment was the latest, corrosion potential was the most positive and corrosion current was the least. The coating corrosion resistance of nickel sulfate was the best, followed by nickel aminosulfonate and nickel carbonate had the worst. Taking corrosion resistance as the standard for selecting metal salt, when nickel sulfate was selected as the metal salt, the deposition rate of electroless nickel plating is the slowest and the formed nickel plating layer has the best morphology and the best corrosion resistance, so nickel sulfate is the best choice of hydrazine hydrate electroless nickel plating metal salt.
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