刘恋,石倩,代明江,匡同春,林松盛,郭朝乾,李洪,苏一凡.脉冲偏压对电弧离子镀TiCN薄膜组织结构的影响[J].表面技术,2018,47(9):199-205.
LIU Lian,SHI Qian,DAI Ming-jiang,KUANG Tong-chun,LIN Song-sheng,GUO Chao-qian,LI Hong,SU Yi-fan.Effects of Pulsed Bias on Microstructure of TiCN Films by Arc Ion Plating[J].Surface Technology,2018,47(9):199-205
脉冲偏压对电弧离子镀TiCN薄膜组织结构的影响
Effects of Pulsed Bias on Microstructure of TiCN Films by Arc Ion Plating
投稿时间:2018-06-15  修订日期:2018-09-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2018.09.026
中文关键词:  TiCN薄膜  电弧离子镀  脉冲偏压  C3N4  硬度  结合强度
英文关键词:TiCN films  arc ion plating  pulsed bias  C3N4  hardness  adhesion strength
基金项目:中山市广东省科学院技术转移专项(2016G1FC0006);广东省科学院平台建设项目(2016GDASPT-0206);广东省科学院科技创新发展专项(2017GDASCX-0202)
作者单位
刘恋 1.华南理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,广州 510641;2.广东省新材料研究所,广州 510650;3.现代材料表面工程技术国家工程实验室,广州 510650;4.广东省现代表面工程技术重点实验室,广州 510650 
石倩 2.广东省新材料研究所,广州 510650;3.现代材料表面工程技术国家工程实验室,广州 510650;4.广东省现代表面工程技术重点实验室,广州 510650 
代明江 2.广东省新材料研究所,广州 510650;3.现代材料表面工程技术国家工程实验室,广州 510650;4.广东省现代表面工程技术重点实验室,广州 510650 
匡同春 1.华南理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,广州 510641 
林松盛 2.广东省新材料研究所,广州 510650;3.现代材料表面工程技术国家工程实验室,广州 510650;4.广东省现代表面工程技术重点实验室,广州 510650 
郭朝乾 2.广东省新材料研究所,广州 510650;3.现代材料表面工程技术国家工程实验室,广州 510650;4.广东省现代表面工程技术重点实验室,广州 510650 
李洪 2.广东省新材料研究所,广州 510650;3.现代材料表面工程技术国家工程实验室,广州 510650;4.广东省现代表面工程技术重点实验室,广州 510650 
苏一凡 2.广东省新材料研究所,广州 510650;3.现代材料表面工程技术国家工程实验室,广州 510650;4.广东省现代表面工程技术重点实验室,广州 510650 
AuthorInstitution
LIU Lian 1.School of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China; 2.Guangdong Institute of New Materials, Guangzhou 510650, China; 3.National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Materials Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China; 4.Key Lab of Guangdong for Modern Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China 
SHI Qian 2.Guangdong Institute of New Materials, Guangzhou 510650, China; 3.National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Materials Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China; 4.Key Lab of Guangdong for Modern Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China 
DAI Ming-jiang 2.Guangdong Institute of New Materials, Guangzhou 510650, China; 3.National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Materials Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China; 4.Key Lab of Guangdong for Modern Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China 
KUANG Tong-chun 1.School of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China 
LIN Song-sheng 2.Guangdong Institute of New Materials, Guangzhou 510650, China; 3.National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Materials Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China; 4.Key Lab of Guangdong for Modern Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China 
GUO Chao-qian 2.Guangdong Institute of New Materials, Guangzhou 510650, China; 3.National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Materials Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China; 4.Key Lab of Guangdong for Modern Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China 
LI Hong 2.Guangdong Institute of New Materials, Guangzhou 510650, China; 3.National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Materials Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China; 4.Key Lab of Guangdong for Modern Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China 
SU Yi-fan 2.Guangdong Institute of New Materials, Guangzhou 510650, China; 3.National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Materials Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China; 4.Key Lab of Guangdong for Modern Surface Engineering Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 改善TiCN薄膜的组织结构,进一步提高其硬度与结合力。方法 采用电弧离子镀技术,通过改变脉冲偏压的幅值,制备一系列的TiCN薄膜。通过扫描电子显微镜(SEM)观察薄膜的表面和截面形貌,采用X射线衍射(XRD)对薄膜进行物相分析,用X射线光电子谱(XPS)表征元素的化学状态,通过能谱仪(EDS)分析薄膜的成分。采用显微维氏硬度计测量薄膜硬度,使用3D轮廓仪测量薄膜厚度,利用多功能材料表面性能试验仪进行划痕测试。结果 偏压对薄膜的硬度、结合力、组织结构和沉积速度都有影响。随着脉冲偏压的提高,TiCN薄膜晶粒逐渐细化,沉积速率、结合力有先增大后减小的趋势,TiCN薄膜的硬度保持线性提高。偏压为200 V时,TiCN薄膜出现C3N4新相,此时薄膜的硬度和结合力都大幅度提高,表面形貌发生突变,液滴最多。偏压为250 V时,TiCN薄膜综合性能最好,并且表面的液滴明显减少,此时硬度值为4017HV,结合力为51 N。结论 偏压对组织结构及碳元素在薄膜中的存在形式有一定影响,适当地改变脉冲偏压可以使TiCN薄膜的显微组织更加致密,同时,形成的弥散硬化相使薄膜具备较高的硬度和膜基结合强度。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to improve the microstructure of TiCN films and further increase hardness and adhesion. TiCN films were prepared with arc ion plating technology by changing the amplitude of pulsed bias. Surface and cross-section morphology, phase structure, chemical bonding structure and composition of the films were observed, analyzed and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). The hardness of the films was measured by micro Vickers-hardness tester, the thickness was examined by 3D profiler, and the scarification test was carried by multifunctional material surface tester.Hardness, adhesion, texture and deposition rate of the films were strongly affected by pulsed bias. With the increase of pulsed bias, the grain size of TiCN films gradually refined and the deposition rate and adhesion strength firstly increased and then decreased, but the hardness of TiCN films kept linear growth. When the pulsed bias was –200 V, the new phase of C3N4 appeared in the TiCN films. The hardness and adhesion strength of the films greatly increased and the surface morphology changed suddenly and generated the most droplets. When the pulsed bias was –250 V, TiCN films showed the best performance , the droplets on the surface decreased obviously, the hardness was 4017HV and the adhesion strength was 51N.Pulsedbias has certain effects on the existence of microstructure and carbon in the films. Changing the pulsed bias properly can densify the microstructure of TiCN films and form the dispersion hardening phase to provide higher hardness and adhesion strength for films.
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