张欢乐,明振涛,黄大华,侯广亚,唐谊平.镀铝锌彩涂板与镀锌彩涂板耐蚀性能对比研究[J].表面技术,2016,45(5):207-213.
ZHANG Huan-le,MING Zhen-tao,HUANG Da-hua,HOU Guang-ya,TANG Yi-ping.Corrosion Resistance Comparison of Prepainted Sheets of Hot-dip Zinc and Al-Zn Alloy[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(5):207-213
镀铝锌彩涂板与镀锌彩涂板耐蚀性能对比研究
Corrosion Resistance Comparison of Prepainted Sheets of Hot-dip Zinc and Al-Zn Alloy
投稿时间:2015-12-20  修订日期:2016-05-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.05.032
中文关键词:  铝锌合金镀层  镀锌层  彩涂板  耐蚀性能  循环腐蚀试验  EIS
英文关键词:Al-Zn alloy coating  pure zinc coating  prepainted sheet  corrosion resistance  cyclic corrosion test  EIS
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51204146) ; 浙江省自然科学基金(Y15E040003)
作者单位
张欢乐 浙江工业大学 材料科学与工程学院,杭州 310014 
明振涛 浙江工业大学 材料科学与工程学院,杭州 310014 
黄大华 浙江华东轻钢建材有限公司,杭州 311200 
侯广亚 浙江工业大学 材料科学与工程学院,杭州 310014 
唐谊平 浙江工业大学 材料科学与工程学院,杭州 310014 
AuthorInstitution
ZHANG Huan-le College of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China 
MING Zhen-tao College of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China 
HUANG Da-hua Zhejiang Huadong Construction Materials of Light Steel Co. Ltd, Hangzhou 311200, China 
HOU Guang-ya College of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China 
TANG Yi-ping College of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究热浸镀彩涂板常用金属镀层(铝锌合金镀层与纯锌镀层)对彩涂板耐蚀性能的影响。方法 通过断面金相、 SEM 及 EDS 能谱、循环腐蚀试验和电化学阻抗测试(EIS)等方法,全面对比研究相同单面镀层厚度的镀铝锌与镀锌彩涂板的耐蚀性能。 结果 在长达 250 个循环(共计 2000 h)的腐蚀试验中,镀锌彩涂板出现了严重的红色锈迹,而镀铝锌彩涂板并未出现明显腐蚀。在 EIS 测试中,两种彩涂板最初的阻抗值约为 2×109Ω·cm2,浸泡 2 d后镀锌彩涂板阻抗值急剧下降至 1.165×108 Ω·cm2;浸泡前期,镀铝锌彩涂板阻抗值缓慢下降, 15 d 后从 6.979×108 Ω·cm2 急剧下降至 2.984×107 Ω·cm2。 EIS等效电路拟合参数表明,镀铝锌彩涂板的电荷转移电阻比镀锌彩涂板高,相应的双电层电容低。 SEM和 EDS 测试结果显示,铝锌合金镀层由底层合金层和外层的富铝和富锌的两相结构组成,而纯锌镀层则由底层合金层和外层纯锌层组成。 结论 铝锌合金镀层具有独特的富铝和富锌两相结构,使得同等镀层厚度的镀铝锌彩涂板比镀锌彩涂板具有更高的耐蚀性能。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the effects of metal coatings (Al-Zn alloy coating and pure zinc coating) on the corrosion resistance of prepainted sheets. Methods Metallographic observation, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrum(EDS), cyclic corrosion test and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy(EIS) were used to analyze and compare the corrosion resistance of the two kinds of prepainted sheets which had the same thickness of metal coating. Results In corrosion test of 250 cycles (a total of 2000 h), serious red rust appeared on the prepainted sheets of pure zinc coating, and no obvious corrosion on the surface of Al-Zn alloy coating prepainted sheets. In the EIS test, the initial impedance value of the two kinds of prepainted sheets were both about 2×109 Ω·cm2. The impedance value of prepainted sheet of pure zinc coating sharply declined to 1.165×108 Ω·cm2 after 2 days immersion, while undergoing slowly descending, the impedance value of Al-Zn alloy coating prepainted sheet sharply declined from 6.979×108 Ω·cm2 to 2.984×107 Ω·cm2 after 15 days immersion. The equivalent circuit fitting parameters for EIS showed that charge transfer resistance of Al-Zn alloy coating prepainted sheet was one order of magnitude higher than that of Zn coating prepainted sheet, and the corresponding double-layer capacitance was one order of magnitude lower. SEM and EDS tests showed that Al-Zn alloy coating was composed of inner alloy layer and outer two-phase structure which consisted of alumina-rich phase and zinc-rich phase, while Zn coating was composed of inner alloy layer and outer pure zinc layer. Conclusion Prepainted sheet of Al-Zn alloy coating has better corrosion resistance than that of pure zinc coating due to the unique two-phase structure of Al-rich and Zn-rich.
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