刘杰,周志明,涂坚,黄灿,柴林江,黄伟九,王亚平.激光表面处理 CuCr50 合金的显微组织及性能[J].表面技术,2016,45(5):169-174.
LIU Jie,ZHOU Zhi-ming,TU Jian,HUANG Chan,CHAI Lin-jiang,HUANG Wei-jiu,WANG Ya-ping.Microstructure and Properties of CuCr50 Processed by Laser Surface Treatment[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(5):169-174
激光表面处理 CuCr50 合金的显微组织及性能
Microstructure and Properties of CuCr50 Processed by Laser Surface Treatment
投稿时间:2016-01-28  修订日期:2016-05-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.05.026
中文关键词:  CuCr50 合金  激光  组织  导电性  显微硬度  耐磨性
英文关键词:CuCr50 alloy  laser  microstructure  electrical conductivity  microhardness  wear resistance
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51101177);重庆市自然科学基金(cstc201250035);重庆市科委攻关项目(cstc2014yykfB60004);重 庆市巴南区科技项目(2015TJ08);重庆市模具技术重点实验室开放基金(2015TD19)
作者单位
刘杰 重庆理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400054 
周志明 1.重庆理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400054;2.重庆市模具技术重点实验室,重庆 400054;3.重庆市精密成形集成制造产业技术协同创新中心,重庆 400039 
涂坚 1.重庆理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400054;2.重庆市模具技术重点实验室,重庆 400054;3.重庆市精密成形集成制造产业技术协同创新中心,重庆 400039 
黄灿 重庆理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400054 
柴林江 1.重庆理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400054;2.重庆市模具技术重点实验室,重庆 400054;3.重庆市精密成形集成制造产业技术协同创新中心,重庆 400039 
黄伟九 1.重庆理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400054;2.重庆市模具技术重点实验室,重庆 400054;3.重庆市精密成形集成制造产业技术协同创新中心,重庆 400039 
王亚平 西安交通大学 理学院,西安 710049 
AuthorInstitution
LIU Jie School of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China 
ZHOU Zhi-ming 1. School of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China;2.Chongqing Research Center for Mould Engineering Technology, Chongqing 400054, China; 3. Chongqing Innovation Center of Precision Forming Integrated Manufacturing Industry Technology, Chongqing 400039, China 
TU Jian 1. School of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China;2.Chongqing Research Center for Mould Engineering Technology, Chongqing 400054, China; 3. Chongqing Innovation Center of Precision Forming Integrated Manufacturing Industry Technology, Chongqing 400039, China 
HUANG Chan School of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China 
CHAI Lin-jiang 1. School of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China;2.Chongqing Research Center for Mould Engineering Technology, Chongqing 400054, China; 3. Chongqing Innovation Center of Precision Forming Integrated Manufacturing Industry Technology, Chongqing 400039, China 
HUANG Wei-jiu 1. School of Material Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China;2.Chongqing Research Center for Mould Engineering Technology, Chongqing 400054, China; 3. Chongqing Innovation Center of Precision Forming Integrated Manufacturing Industry Technology, Chongqing 400039, China 
WANG Ya-ping School of Science, Xi′ an Jiaotong University, Xi′ an 710049, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 细化CuCr50合金的 Cr相组织,提高组织均匀性。方法 采用 Nd:YAG脉冲激光器对 CuCr50合金进行表面处理,并对激光处理后合金的显微组织(表面组织和截面组织)、导电性能、显微硬度、耐磨性等进行测试与分析。 结果 工艺优化后得到的实验参数为:激光功率 500 W,峰值 5.0 kW,扫描速度 4 mm/s,激光频率 6 Hz,激光脉宽 5 ms,离焦量为+4 mm。在优化的工艺条件下, CuCr50 合金经激光表面处理后,形成了致密的重熔层, Cr 相的晶粒得到明显细化,合金的组织均匀性提高,表面孔洞减少。合金重熔层中的相组成未发生变化,合金的导电性略微降低,但仍保持了 CuCr50 合金优良的导电性能。重熔层显微硬度(425~540HV)明显提高,最高硬度为 540HV,是基体显微硬度(约 240HV)的 2.25 倍。重熔层的摩擦系数(0.3)远低于原始 CuCr50 合金(0.45),重熔层的损失质量(0.15 mg)远小于原始 CuCr50 合金的损失质量(0.6 mg),合金的耐磨性有明显的提高。 结论 CuCr50 合金在优化的工艺参数条件下进行激光表面处理,能够细化 Cr 相组织和提高整个合金的组织均匀性,提高合金的显微硬度与耐磨性能。
英文摘要:
      Objective To refine the Cr phase structure of CuCr50 and improve the uniformity of the microstructure. Methods CuCr50 alloys were treated by Nd:YAG pulsed laser, and the microstructure (surface microstructure and cross-section microstructure), phase, electrical conductivity, microhardness and wear resistance of the alloy were investigated and analyzed after the laser treatment. Results Experimental parameters of process optimization were: laser power 500 W, peak 5.0 kW, scanning speed 4 mm/s, laser frequency 6 Hz, laser pulsed width 5 ms, defocus amount +4 mm. Under the optimized process conditions, dense remelting layer was formed, the size of Cr particles was significantly reduced, the structural homogeneity was improved, the hole was reduced after treatment; The phase composition of the remelting layer were not changed, the electrical conductivity was slightly decreased, but the remelting layer still maintained an excellent conductive performance; Microhardness of the remelting layer(425~540HV) was obviously improved, the maximum reached 540HV, which was 2.25 times of the substrate (about 240HV) . The friction coefficient of the remelting layer (0.3) was much lower than the original CuCr50 alloys (0.45), the weight lost of remelting layer (0.15 mg) was much lower than the original CuCr50 alloys (0.6 mg), and the wear resistance of the alloy had an obvious improvement. Conclusion CuCr50 alloy could be refined, the microhardness and wear resistance could be improved by laser surface treatment under the condition of optimized process parameters.
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