胡丽华,常炜,余晓毅,田永芹,于湉,张雷,路民旭.CO2 分压对碳钢海底管道 CO2/H2S 腐蚀的影响[J].表面技术,2016,45(5):56-61.
HU Li-hua,CHANG Wei,YU Xiao-yi,TIAN Yong-qin,YU Tian,ZHANG Lei,LU Min-xu.Effect of Partial Pressure of CO2 on Corrosion of Carbon Steel Subsea Pipeline in CO2/H2S Environment[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(5):56-61
CO2 分压对碳钢海底管道 CO2/H2S 腐蚀的影响
Effect of Partial Pressure of CO2 on Corrosion of Carbon Steel Subsea Pipeline in CO2/H2S Environment
投稿时间:2015-12-22  修订日期:2016-05-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.05.008
中文关键词:  碳钢  海底管道  CO2分压  CO2/H2S 分压比  腐蚀速率  腐蚀产物膜
英文关键词:carbon steel  subsea pipeline  partial pressure of CO2  ratio of CO2/H2S  corrosion rate  corrosion product scale
基金项目:中海油研究总院青年科技创新课题(2015-10)
作者单位
胡丽华 中海油研究总院,北京 100028 
常炜 中海油研究总院,北京 100028 
余晓毅 中海油研究总院,北京 100028 
田永芹 中海油研究总院,北京 100028 
于湉 中海油研究总院,北京 100028 
张雷 北京科技大学,北京 100083 
路民旭 北京科技大学,北京 100083 
AuthorInstitution
HU Li-hua CNOOC Research Institute, Beijing 100028, China 
CHANG Wei CNOOC Research Institute, Beijing 100028, China 
YU Xiao-yi CNOOC Research Institute, Beijing 100028, China 
TIAN Yong-qin CNOOC Research Institute, Beijing 100028, China 
YU Tian CNOOC Research Institute, Beijing 100028, China 
ZHANG Lei University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 
LU Min-xu University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究 CO2 分压对 CO2/H2S 腐蚀的影响规律,为海底管道材料的选择提供参考依据。方法 采用高温高压反应釜进行腐蚀模拟实验,对腐蚀前后的试样进行称量,计算腐蚀速率。通过 SEM观察腐蚀产物膜形貌,通过 XRD 分析腐蚀产物膜成分。 结果 当 CO2/H2S 分压比较高(1200)时,CO2 分压为 0.3、 0.5、 1.0 MPa 对应的腐蚀速率分别为 1.87、 3.22、 5.35 mm/a,随着 CO2 分压升高,腐蚀速率几乎呈线性增大趋势。当 CO2/H2S 分压比较低(200)时, CO2 分压为 0.3、 0.5、 1.0 MPa 对应的腐蚀速率分别为 3.47、 3.64、 3.71 mm/a, CO2分压变化对腐蚀速率的影响并不显著。 当 CO2/H2S 分压比较高(1200)时,腐蚀产物以 FeCO3为主,腐蚀受 CO2 控制;此时低 CO2分压下的腐蚀产物膜较完整致密,高 CO2 分压下的腐蚀产物膜局部容易破裂,对基体保护性下降,因此腐蚀速率随 CO2分压升高而增大。 当 CO2/H2S 分压比较低(200)时,腐蚀产物以 FeS 为主,腐蚀受 H2S 控制;此时在不同 CO2分压条件下, 腐蚀产物均较完整致密, 因此腐蚀速率相对较低,并未随着 CO2 分压升高显著增大。 结论 CO2 分压对 CO2/H2S 腐蚀速率的影响与 CO2/H2S 分压比密切相关,海底管道材料选择不仅要考虑 CO2分压的影响,还要考虑 CO2/H2S 分压比的影响。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the effect of partial pressure of CO2 on the corrosion in CO2/H2S environment, in order to guide the material selection of subsea pipeline. Methods Corrosion simulation test was carried out in the high-pressure high-temperature autoclave, the weight of the specimen was tested before and after corrosion simulation experiment, then the corrosion rate was calculated, and the morphologies and chemical composition of corrosion product scales were characterized by SEM and XRD. Results When the ratio of CO2/H2S was high (1200), at the partial pressure of CO2 of 0.3 MPa, 0.5 MPa, 1.0 MPa, the corrosion rates were 1.87 mm/a, 3.22 mm/a, 5.35 mm/a, respectively, and the corrosion rate increased almost linearly with the increase of CO2 partial pressure. When the ratio of CO2/H2S was low (200), at the partial pressure of CO2 of 0.3 MPa, 0.5 MPa, 1.0 MPa, the corrosion rates were 3.47 mm/a, 3.64 mm/a, 3.71 mm/a, and the influence of CO2 partial pressure on corrosion rate was not significant. When the ratio of CO2/H2S was high (1200), the main chemical composition of corrosion product scale was FeCO3, the corrosion was controlled by CO2; the corrosion product scale was compact under low partial pressure of CO2, the scale was easy to be ruptured, and the protection of the substrate was decreased, so the corrosion rate increased with the increase of partial pressure of CO2. When the ratio of CO2/H2S was low (200), the main chemical composition of corrosion product scale was FeS, the corrosion was controlled by H2S; the corrosion product scale was compact under different partial pressure of CO2, so the corrosion rate was relatively low, and there was no significant increase with the increase of partial pressure of CO2. Conclusion the effect of partial pressure of CO2 on the corrosion in CO2/H2S Environment was closely related to the ratio of CO2/H2S. We need to consider the effects of partial pressure of CO2 and the ratio of CO2/H2S on corrosion when we select materials for subsea pipeline.
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