王夫成,詹马骥,郎经纬,王若民,陈国宏,杜晓东.NY-400 型耐张线夹内部交流腐蚀形貌及产物研究[J].表面技术,2015,44(9):116-121.
WANG Fu-cheng,ZHAN Ma-ji,LANG Jing-wei,WANG Ruo-min,CHEN Guo-hong,DU Xiao-dong.Internal Corrosion Morphology and Products of NY-400 Strain Clamp under AC Conditions[J].Surface Technology,2015,44(9):116-121
NY-400 型耐张线夹内部交流腐蚀形貌及产物研究
Internal Corrosion Morphology and Products of NY-400 Strain Clamp under AC Conditions
投稿时间:2015-05-27  修订日期:2015-09-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2015.09.019
中文关键词:  耐张线夹  交流腐蚀  点蚀  微观形貌  腐蚀产物  热分解
英文关键词:strain clamp  AC corrosion  pitting  microstructure  corrosion products  thermal decomposition
基金项目:
作者单位
王夫成 合肥工业大学 材料科学与工程学院, 合肥 230009 
詹马骥 合肥工业大学 材料科学与工程学院, 合肥 230009 
郎经纬 合肥工业大学 材料科学与工程学院, 合肥 230009 
王若民 国网安徽省电力公司电力科学研究院, 合肥 230009 
陈国宏 国网安徽省电力公司电力科学研究院, 合肥 230009 
杜晓东 合肥工业大学 材料科学与工程学院, 合肥 230009 
AuthorInstitution
WANG Fu-cheng School of Material Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China 
ZHAN Ma-ji School of Material Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China 
LANG Jing-wei School of Material Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China 
WANG Ruo-min State Grid Anhui Electric Power Research Institute, Hefei 230009, China 
CHEN Guo-hong State Grid Anhui Electric Power Research Institute, Hefei 230009, China 
DU Xiao-dong School of Material Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China 
摘要点击次数:
全文下载次数:
中文摘要:
      目的 研究老旧高压输电耐张线夹内部交流腐蚀。 方法 截取已运行 35 a 的耐张线夹并解剖,采用扫描电子显微镜分析腐蚀区的微观形貌,采用 X 射线衍射仪、能谱仪和 X 射线光电子能谱仪对腐蚀区元素及物相进行分析鉴定,分析线夹内部腐蚀损伤演化过程。 结果 线夹内表面与铝线表面局部出现大量白色腐蚀产物和黑色覆盖物,白色腐蚀物呈粉末和片层两种形态。 分析表明,腐蚀产物相组成为Al2O3,AlO(OH)和 AlOOH;黑色覆盖物随深度增加而减少,黑色区域主要元素为 Al,O 和 C,物相组成为Al2O3,C(graphite)和含 C 有机物。 钢芯锌层破坏区的内层铝线更易腐蚀,腐蚀区呈灰黑色,微观形貌为富铁元素颗粒镶嵌在其它腐蚀产物中,区域的主要元素为 Al,C,O,Fe 和 Zn,Fe 元素存在形式为 Fe2O3;钢芯表面镀锌层局部腐蚀严重,呈现平面型点蚀形貌,主要元素为 Zn,Al,C 和 O,Zn 腐蚀产物为六边纤锌矿结构 ZnO。 结论 内部交流腐蚀原因为液体渗入,同时腐蚀产生大量的热致使材料分解。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the internal AC corrosion of old strain clamp. Methods The strain clamp which has been run for 36 years was cut and dissected. Scanning electron microscope(SEM), X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to observe and analyze the microstructure, elements and corrosion products in order to explore the evolution of internal corrosion damage of strain clamps. Results Lots of white corrosion product and black covering occurred on the inner surface of strain clamp and surface of aluminum conductor. White corrosion product presented two forms, powder and slice. The product consisted of Al2O3, AlO(OH) and AlOOH. The black covering reduced with increasing depth. The main elements were Al, O and C, and the phases were Al2 O3 , Carbon (graphite) and organic compounds. The aluminum conductor was corroded more seriously near the steel core where the Zn protective layer was damaged. The corrosion region was black. There were some iron-rich particles embedded in other corrosion products. The main elements were Al, C, O, Fe and Zn in the corrosion region, and the existing form of Fe element was Fe2 O3 . The local corrosion of the surface of the steel core was serious. It exhibited a planar pitting morphology. The main elements were Zn, Al, C and O, and the corrosion product of Zn was hexagonal wurtzite ZnO. Conclusion Liquid entering into strain clamp resulted in serious internal AC corrosion and produced a lot of heat, which decomposed the seal material.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

关于我们 | 联系我们 | 投诉建议 | 隐私保护 | 用户协议

您是第20734541位访问者    渝ICP备15012534号-3

版权所有:《表面技术》编辑部 2014 surface-techj.com, All Rights Reserved

邮编:400039 电话:023-68792193传真:023-68792396 Email: bmjs@surface-techj.com

渝公网安备 50010702501715号