徐洪洋,卢金斌,彭漩,马明星.激光熔覆CoCrCu0.4FeNi高熵合金涂层的微观组织和性能[J].表面技术,2023,52(3):418-428, 437.
XU Hong-yang,LU Jin-bin,PENG Xuan,MA Ming-xing.Microstructure and Properties of Laser Cladding CoCrCu0.4FeNi High Entropy Alloy Coating[J].Surface Technology,2023,52(3):418-428, 437
激光熔覆CoCrCu0.4FeNi高熵合金涂层的微观组织和性能
Microstructure and Properties of Laser Cladding CoCrCu0.4FeNi High Entropy Alloy Coating
  
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2023.03.040
中文关键词:  激光熔覆  高熵合金  显微硬度  涂层  调幅分解  CoCrCuFeNi
英文关键词:laser cladding  high-entropy alloys  microhardness  coating  spinodal decomposition  CoCrCuFeNi
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(11902212)
作者单位
徐洪洋 苏州科技大学 机械工程学院,江苏 苏州 215009 
卢金斌 苏州科技大学 机械工程学院,江苏 苏州 215009 
彭漩 苏州科技大学 机械工程学院,江苏 苏州 215009 
马明星 中原工学院 材料与化工学院,郑州 450007 
AuthorInstitution
XU Hong-yang School of Mechanical Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Jiangsu Suzhou 215009, China 
LU Jin-bin School of Mechanical Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Jiangsu Suzhou 215009, China 
PENG Xuan School of Mechanical Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Jiangsu Suzhou 215009, China 
MA Ming-xing School of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Zhongyuan University of Technology, Zhengzhou 450007, China 
摘要点击次数:
全文下载次数:
中文摘要:
      目的 提高零部件的硬度和耐磨性。方法 采用Ni-Cr-B-Si、Co-Cr-B-Si自熔合金以及Cu粉在Q235钢基体上激光熔覆CoCrCuFeNi高熵合金涂层,激光功率为2.2、2.4 kW,扫描速度为9、12 mm/s,利用扫描电镜(SEM)、能谱仪(EDS)和X射线衍射仪(XRD)分析涂层的微观组织,并测试了涂层的显微硬度。结果 Cu含量较高的涂层与基体形成了良好的冶金结合,但在涂层中存在严重的Cu偏析现象;Cu含量较低的涂层与基体结合处附近存在少量孔洞缺陷,局部区域具有调幅分解,涂层微观组织主要由树枝晶和枝晶间组成,树枝晶为FCC1,富Cu贫Cr,枝晶间为FCC2,富Cr贫Cu,还存在少量的纳米相,形成了具有C和B间隙固溶的CoCrCu0.4FeNi高熵合金涂层。熔覆的涂层厚度为2.19~2.58 mm,涂层枝晶厚度为2.2~ 7.3 μm,且枝晶越小,硬度越高。涂层的显微硬度为280~300HV0.2,基体的硬度为110~130HV0.2,约为基体的2.5倍。结论 采用Ni-Cr-B-Si、Co-Cr-B-Si自熔合金和Cu粉激光熔覆了CoCrCuFeNi高熵合金涂层可提高Q235钢基体的硬度。激光功率越低,扫描速度越大,树枝晶越细小,细晶强化的作用越强,涂层的硬度越高。
英文摘要:
      Due to the low hardness, poor wear resistance and corrosion resistance of the parts made of low carbon steel, the parts fail early in the harsh environment such as high load and corrosive medium environment. Therefore, laser cladding CoCrCu0.4FeNi high entropy alloy coating on Q235 steel substrate with Ni-Cr-B-Si, Co-Cr-B-Si self-fluxing alloy and Cu powder can significantly improve the hardness, wear resistance and corrosion resistance of parts. This article studies the microhardness of CoCrCu0.4FeNi high entropy alloy coating on Q235 steel substrate. Q235 steel with the size of 50 mm×40 mm×8 mm is used as the substrate. The surface of the substrate is polished with sand paper to remove the oxide and cleaned with alcohol to remove the oil and rust. High energy planetary ball mill (F-P2000) is used to ball mill the mixed powder, and the mixed powder after ball milling is coated on the surface of the substrate with a thickness of about 1.5 mm and a width of about 5-6 mm. The laser spot diameter is 4 mm and Ar gas is used as protection gas. Process parameters 1:Ni65, Co157 self-fluxing alloy and Cu powder mass ratio of 1∶1∶1, laser power of 2 500 W, scanning speed of 28 mm/s. Process parameter 2:The powder mass ratio of Ni65, Co157 self-fluxing alloy and Cu is 4.5∶4.5∶1, laser power is 2 200 W and 2 400 W, scanning speed is 9 mm/s and 12 mm/s. Cut the sample by line perpendicular to the scanning direction, grind and polish the coating section, and corrode the sample with aqua regia (concentrated HCl:concentrated HNO3 = 3∶1). Optical microscope (OM, Primotech) is used to observe the macroscopic morphology of the cross section of the coating. Scanning electron microscope (SEM, Quanta FEG 250) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS, Oxford) are used to analyze the structure and composition of the cross section of the coating. The phase composition of the coating is analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD, D8 Focus). Vickers microhardness tester (JMHVS-1000AT) is used to test the microhardness of the coating and substrate. CoCrCu0.4FeNi high entropy alloy coating with C and B interstitial solid solution is successfully prepared by laser cladding on Q235 steel with Ni-Cr-B-Si, Co-Cr-B-Si self-fluxing alloy and Cu powder. CoCrCuFeNi coating with high Cu content forms a good metallurgical bond with the substrate without macro cracks and pores, but there is serious Cu segregation in the middle and top of the coating. CoCrCu0.4FeNi coating with low Cu content formed a good metallurgical bonding with the substrate, and the composition of the coating is relatively uniform, but there are a few pore defects near the bonding area between the coating and the substrate. The uniform composition of the coating is mainly owing to the good fluidity of the alloy in the melting process due to the addition of B and Si elements. The coating is mainly composed of dendrite and interdendritic structures, and there is a spinodal decomposition region. The main phases of the coating are FCC1 and FCC2. The dendrite phase is FCC1, in which Cu and Ni elements are relatively more, Cr elements are less, and the interdendritic phase is FCC phase, in which Cr elements are more, Cu and Ni elements are relatively less. The lattice constants of the two phases are the same and the compositions are different. There is also a small amount of nano phase, forming CoCrCu0.4FeNi high entropy alloy coating with C and B interstitial solid solution. The thickness of the coating is 2.19-2.58 mm, and the dendrite of the coating is 2.2-7.3 μm. The smaller the dendrite, the higher the hardness. The hardness of CoCrCuFeNi coating with low Cu content is about 280-300HV0.2. The hardness of the substrate is about 110-130HV0.2. It is about 2.5 times that of the substrate, and the smaller the laser power, the higher the scanning speed, the less the dilution of the steel substrate, the finer the dendrite of the coating, the stronger the fine grain strengthening effect and the higher the hardness of the coating.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

关于我们 | 联系我们 | 投诉建议 | 隐私保护 | 用户协议

您是第19885117位访问者    渝ICP备15012534号-3

版权所有:《表面技术》编辑部 2014 surface-techj.com, All Rights Reserved

邮编:400039 电话:023-68792193传真:023-68792396 Email: bmjs@surface-techj.com

渝公网安备 50010702501715号