高鹏飞,陈永君,王增睿,解志文,丛洁,刘鹏,赵岭,熊云龙.铁基非晶涂层的研究进展与应用[J].表面技术,2023,52(3):64-74, 110.
GAO Peng-fei,CHEN Yong-jun,WANG Zeng-rui,XIE Zhi-wen,CONG Jie,LIU Peng,ZHAO Ling,XIONG Yun-long.Research Progress and Application of Fe-based Amorphous Coatings[J].Surface Technology,2023,52(3):64-74, 110
铁基非晶涂层的研究进展与应用
Research Progress and Application of Fe-based Amorphous Coatings
  
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2023.03.005
中文关键词:  铁基非晶涂层  制备技术  性能  应用
英文关键词:Fe-based amorphous coating  fabrication technology  properties  application
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51901094);辽宁科技大学优秀人才基金(2019RC06)
作者单位
高鹏飞 辽宁科技大学 机械工程与自动化学院,辽宁 鞍山 114051 
陈永君 辽宁科技大学 机械工程与自动化学院,辽宁 鞍山 114051 
王增睿 沈阳铸造研究所有限公司,沈阳 110021 
解志文 辽宁科技大学 机械工程与自动化学院,辽宁 鞍山 114051 
丛洁 国网丹东供电公司,辽宁 丹东 118000 
刘鹏 国网丹东供电公司,辽宁 丹东 118000 
赵岭 沈阳铸造研究所有限公司,沈阳 110021 
熊云龙 沈阳铸造研究所有限公司,沈阳 110021 
AuthorInstitution
GAO Peng-fei School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Liaoning Anshan 114051, China 
CHEN Yong-jun School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Liaoning Anshan 114051, China 
WANG Zeng-rui Shenyang Research Institute of Foundry Co., Ltd., China Academy of Machinery Science and Technology Group Co., Ltd., Shenyang 110021, China 
XIE Zhi-wen School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Liaoning Anshan 114051, China 
CONG Jie State Grid Dandong Electric Power Supply Co., Ltd., Liaoning Dandong 118000, China 
LIU Peng State Grid Dandong Electric Power Supply Co., Ltd., Liaoning Dandong 118000, China 
ZHAO Ling Shenyang Research Institute of Foundry Co., Ltd., China Academy of Machinery Science and Technology Group Co., Ltd., Shenyang 110021, China 
XIONG Yun-long Shenyang Research Institute of Foundry Co., Ltd., China Academy of Machinery Science and Technology Group Co., Ltd., Shenyang 110021, China 
摘要点击次数:
全文下载次数:
中文摘要:
      铁基非晶涂层可突破尺寸及室温脆性限制,其优异的力学性能可改善基体材料表面性能,有效拓展铁基非晶合金应用范围。针对非晶合金成分设计准则进行了较为系统的总结,归纳了铁基非晶涂层材料体系,介绍了铁基非晶涂层常用的制备技术,分析了热喷涂和激光熔覆技术对非晶涂层力学性能的影响。综述了铁基非晶涂层耐磨性和耐蚀性的研究现状。影响涂层性能的原因是多方面的,其制备工艺、元素组成、非晶含量、孔隙率、表面粗糙度、硬度及对涂层的后续处理等因素均会对涂层性能产生影响,并分别针对涂层的耐磨性和耐蚀性进行详细阐述。在此基础上,提出高摩擦因数是保证工作人员在甲板正常工作的前提,针对国内研究现状,开发制备出更多可同时兼具高耐磨性和高耐蚀性的铁基非晶涂层体系是突破技术封锁的关键问题。讨论了铁基非晶涂层在军事、航天、海洋防护、核工业、储燃及其他工程设备上应用的前景,介绍了铁基非晶涂层的应用现状及目前存在的问题,并在最后展望了铁基非晶涂层的发展方向。
英文摘要:
      Fe-based amorphous alloys have exceptional properties, such as high strength, high hardness, good wear resistance, and corrosion resistance, and have important applications in the fields of tribology and corrosion resistance. However, the relatively poor glass-forming ability of Fe-based amorphous alloys and their inability to be prepared in large blocks at room temperature due to their brittleness greatly limit their application as bulk materials. To effectively address this problem, the excellent properties of Fe-based amorphous alloys can be demonstrated in the form of coatings. The Fe-based amorphous coating can overcome the restrictions of size and room temperature brittleness, and its excellent properties such as high wear resistance and high corrosion resistance will be well utilized. This will improve the surface properties of the matrix material and significantly widen the range of applications for Fe-based amorphous alloys. This paper summarized the design criteria for amorphous alloy components and coating material systems in a more systematic way. The influence mechanism of thermal spraying and laser cladding technology on the properties of Fe-based amorphous coatings was analyzed,and the progress of research and application of wear resistance and corrosion resistance of Fe-based amorphous coatings were reviewed. The prospect of Fe-based amorphous coatings with high wear and corrosion resistance for application on aircraft carrier flight deck and other engineering was also discussed. In addition, the current application status and problems with Fe-based amorphous coatings were introduced, and it is predicted where they will go in terms of future development. An amorphous alloy is a type of metastable material that is extremely sensitive to composition. A slight variation in composition can result in a significant difference in glass-forming ability. Various compositional design criteria for amorphous alloys have been proposed and applied to improve the glass-forming ability. The incorporation of multiple metallic elements can improve the Fe-based amorphous formation ability due to their size differences and different negative mixing enthalpies, resulting in an increase in the entropy and long-range disorder of the system, which improves the amorphous formation ability. There are various factors affecting the wear and corrosion resistance of the coatings, such as the preparation process, elemental composition, amorphous content, porosity, surface roughness, hardness, and subsequent treatment of the coatings. The SAM series of Fe-based amorphous coatings has been developed abroad. On this basis, the non-skid deck coating for the warship has been developed. Due to the innovation in the spraying method, the surface of the coating after spraying has a special texture, and the coating has a high coefficient of friction, high abrasion resistance, impact resistance and corrosion resistance that are all superior to the existing organic non-skid coating. The high coefficient of friction is necessary to ensure that employees can perform their jobs on the deck normally. The main challenge to breaking through the technical blockade is the development and preparation of more Fe-based amorphous coating systems with high wear resistance and corrosion resistance, given the current state of domestic research. In China, the plungers of water injection pumps have already been coated with Fe-based amorphous materials by businesses, and the wear resistance is still strong even in extremely corrosive conditions. By applying the same Fe-based amorphous coating to boiler water-cooled wall panels, the equipment can have a 10-fold increase in service life. Currently, Fe-based amorphous coatings are used in the military, aerospace, marine protection, nuclear industry, storage and combustion, tunnel boring machines, boiler wall protection, and other fields.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

关于我们 | 联系我们 | 投诉建议 | 隐私保护 | 用户协议

您是第19868344位访问者    渝ICP备15012534号-3

版权所有:《表面技术》编辑部 2014 surface-techj.com, All Rights Reserved

邮编:400039 电话:023-68792193传真:023-68792396 Email: bmjs@surface-techj.com

渝公网安备 50010702501715号