李方舟,崔功军,程书帅,王晓博,寇子明.MoSi2对CoCrNiW合金干摩擦磨损性能的影响研究[J].表面技术,2023,52(1):82-92.
LI Fang-zhou,CUI Gong-jun,CHENG Shu-shuai,WANG Xiao-bo,KOU Zi-ming.Effects of MoSi2 on Friction and Wear Properties of CoCrNiW Alloy under Dry-sliding Condition[J].Surface Technology,2023,52(1):82-92
MoSi2对CoCrNiW合金干摩擦磨损性能的影响研究
Effects of MoSi2 on Friction and Wear Properties of CoCrNiW Alloy under Dry-sliding Condition
  
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2023.01.009
中文关键词:  钴基复合材料  MoSi2  干摩擦  摩擦磨损  磨损机理
英文关键词:Co matrix composite  MoSi2  dry-sliding  friction and wear  wear mechanism
基金项目:山西省回国留学人员科研资助项目(2021-060);国家自然科学基金(51775365,51405329);国家自然科学基金联合基金(U1910212)
作者单位
李方舟 太原理工大学 机械与运载工程学院,太原 030024;山西省矿山流体控制工程实验室,太原 030024;矿山流体控制国家地方联合工程实验室,太原 030024 
崔功军 太原理工大学 机械与运载工程学院,太原 030024;山西省矿山流体控制工程实验室,太原 030024;矿山流体控制国家地方联合工程实验室,太原 030024 
程书帅 太原理工大学 机械与运载工程学院,太原 030024;山西省矿山流体控制工程实验室,太原 030024;矿山流体控制国家地方联合工程实验室,太原 030024 
王晓博 太原理工大学 机械与运载工程学院,太原 030024;山西省矿山流体控制工程实验室,太原 030024;矿山流体控制国家地方联合工程实验室,太原 030024 
寇子明 太原理工大学 机械与运载工程学院,太原 030024;山西省矿山流体控制工程实验室,太原 030024;矿山流体控制国家地方联合工程实验室,太原 030024 
AuthorInstitution
LI Fang-zhou College of Mechanical and Vehicle Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China;Shanxi Mine Fluid Control Engineering Laboratory, Taiyuan, 030024 China;National-local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Mine Fluid Control, Taiyuan 030024, China 
CUI Gong-jun College of Mechanical and Vehicle Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China;Shanxi Mine Fluid Control Engineering Laboratory, Taiyuan, 030024 China;National-local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Mine Fluid Control, Taiyuan 030024, China 
CHENG Shu-shuai College of Mechanical and Vehicle Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China;Shanxi Mine Fluid Control Engineering Laboratory, Taiyuan, 030024 China;National-local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Mine Fluid Control, Taiyuan 030024, China 
WANG Xiao-bo College of Mechanical and Vehicle Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China;Shanxi Mine Fluid Control Engineering Laboratory, Taiyuan, 030024 China;National-local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Mine Fluid Control, Taiyuan 030024, China 
KOU Zi-ming College of Mechanical and Vehicle Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China;Shanxi Mine Fluid Control Engineering Laboratory, Taiyuan, 030024 China;National-local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Mine Fluid Control, Taiyuan 030024, China 
摘要点击次数:
全文下载次数:
中文摘要:
      目的 系统研究MoSi2含量对Co基合金干摩擦磨损性能的影响,以开发摩擦学性能优异的CoCrNiW基复合材料。方法 利用热压烧结技术,设计制备CoCrNiW-MoSi2(质量分数分别为0%、3%、7 %、11%)抗磨复合材料。采用往复式球–盘摩擦磨损试验机,研究不同载荷和滑动速度对复合材料干摩擦磨损性能的影响,进一步优化MoSi2的含量。采用XRD、SEM、EDS等技术分析材料的物相组成、微观结构及磨损形貌。结果 MoSi2的添加有效提高了材料的硬度及致密度,MoSi2质量分数为7%的试样,硬度为386HV。复合材料的物相包括γ–fcc、ε-hcp、MoSi2、CrSi2、Mo1.24Ni0.76、MoSi2.43W0.211相。摩擦系数随载荷和滑动速度的增加而减小,磨损率随载荷的增加而增大,随滑动速度的增加而减小。硅化物硬质颗粒起到了弥散强化作用,提高了磨损表面的承载能力。其中,添加7%和11% MoSi2的试样,磨损率较低且接近,高载和高速下,磨损率较未添加试样分别下降约31.3%和25.5%。适当含量的MoSi2具有一定的减摩性,添加7% MoSi2的试样,摩擦系数始终最低,变化范围为0.24~0.53。结论 CoCrNiW-7wt.% MoSi2表现出了最佳的摩擦学性能,其磨损机理在高载条件下主要为磨粒磨损,在高速条件下主要为磨粒磨损和轻微氧化磨损。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to design the wear resistant CoCrNiW matrix composites, and the effect of MoSi2 on the friction and wear properties of CoCrNiW alloys under dry-sliding condition, to develop CoCrNiW-based composites of excellent tribology performance. The wear resistant CoCrNiW-MoSi2 (0 wt.%, 3 wt.%, 7 wt.%, 11 wt.%) composites were fabricated with the powder metallurgy technology. The effects of load and sliding speed on the tribological properties of composites were studied under dry-sliding condition with a reciprocating ball-on-disk tribo-tester, and the MoSi2 content was further optimized. The phase composition, microstructure and wear morphology of materials were analyzed by XRD, SEM and EDS. During the sintering process, the high-temperature solid solution reaction occurred at the interface of MoSi2 and metal matrix. The composites consisted of γ-fcc, ε-hcp, MoSi2, CrSi2, Mo1.24Ni0.76 and MoSi2.43W0.211 phases. The microstructure of composite was dense, and no hole was noted on the surfaces. The addition of MoSi2 effectively improved the hardness and compactness of materials as well as the stability of γ-fcc phase. The friction coefficients decreased with the increase of load. This was caused by the fact that the increasing rate of load was faster than that of the actual contacting area of the tribo-pairs. The friction coefficients of composites with sliding speed showed the similar trend, resulting from the decrease in hardness of worn surfaces due to the friction heat. The reasonable MoSi2 content played an important part in decreasing the friction coefficient of composites. The sample with 7wt.% MoSi2 had the lowest friction coefficients as compared with other samples. The friction coefficients of CoCrNiW-7wt.% MoSi2 were in the range of 0.24-0.53, which were significantly lower than those of unreinforced sample. The effect of sliding speed and load on the wear rates of composites was different. The wear rates increased with the increase of load, and decreased with the increase of sliding speed. The hard silicide particles had the dispersion strengthening effect and improved the loading capacity of the worn surface. The samples with 7 wt.% and 11 wt.% MoSi2 had the low wear rates, and the wear rate was 31.3% lower than that of unreinforced composites at 20 N and 0.15 m/s. Meanwhile, the wear rate was 25.5% lower than that of the sample without MoSi2 at 40 N and 0.083 m/s. CoCrNiW-7 wt.% MoSi2 showed the best tribological properties, and the wear rates were in the range of 4.98×10–6-9.41×10–6 mm3.N–1.m–1. It was attributed to the high loading capacity and the tribo-layer containing oxides on the worn surface. For the sample containing 7 wt.% MoSi2, the oxides content on the worn surface was high at high sliding speed. The tribo-layers formed by the oxides prevented the contacting surface from wear. In addition, it was observed that the size of wear debris decreased when the load increased from 20 N to 40 N. At 20 N and 0.15 m/s, an incomplete transferred layer was noted on the worn surface of steel ball which could reduce the direct contacting area of tribo-pairs during the friction process. CoCrNiW-7 wt.% MoSi2 show the best tribological properties. The main wear mechanism is abrasive wear at high load. The abrasive wear and slight oxidative wear are the main wear mechanism at high sliding speed.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

关于我们 | 联系我们 | 投诉建议 | 隐私保护 | 用户协议

您是第19916659位访问者    渝ICP备15012534号-3

版权所有:《表面技术》编辑部 2014 surface-techj.com, All Rights Reserved

邮编:400039 电话:023-68792193传真:023-68792396 Email: bmjs@surface-techj.com

渝公网安备 50010702501715号