雷晨庆,袁烁,林乃明,吴玉程,伏利,马冠水.钛合金空蚀损伤及防护的研究进展[J].表面技术,2022,51(10):128-142.
LEI Chen-qing,YUAN Shuo,LIN Nai-ming,WU Yu-cheng,FU Li,MA Guan-shui.Research Progress on Cavitation Erosion Damage and Protection of Titanium Alloy[J].Surface Technology,2022,51(10):128-142
钛合金空蚀损伤及防护的研究进展
Research Progress on Cavitation Erosion Damage and Protection of Titanium Alloy
  
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2022.10.013
中文关键词:  钛合金  空蚀  冲击波  微射流  影响因素  损伤防护
英文关键词:titanium alloy  cavitation erosion  shock wave  microjet  affecting factor  damage protection
基金项目:浙江省水利水电装备表面工程技术研究重点实验室开放课题(2021SLKL009);中科院海洋新材料重点实验室/浙江省海洋材料与防护技术重点实验室开放课题(2021K03)
作者单位
雷晨庆 太原理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,太原 030024 
袁烁 太原理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,太原 030024 
林乃明 太原理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,太原 030024 
吴玉程 太原理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,太原 030024;合肥工业大学 有色金属与加工技术国家地方联合工程研究中心,合肥 230009 
伏利 水利部产品质量标准研究所 浙江省水利水电装备表面工程技术研究重点实验室,杭州 310012 
马冠水 中国科学院宁波材料技术与工程研究所 中科院海洋新材料与应用技术重点实验室/浙江省海洋材料与防护技术重点实验室,浙江 宁波 315201 
AuthorInstitution
LEI Chen-qing College of Material Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China 
YUAN Shuo College of Material Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China 
LIN Nai-ming College of Material Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China 
WU Yu-cheng College of Material Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China;National-Local Joint Engineering Research Centre of Nonferrous Metals and Processing Technology, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China 
FU Li Key Laboratory of Research on Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Equipment Surface Engineering Technology of Zhejiang Province, Standard & Quality Control Research Institute of Ministry of Water Resources, Hangzhou 310012, China 
MA Guan-shui Key Laboratory of Marine Materials and Related Technologies of Chinese Academy of Sciences/Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Marine Materials and Protective Technologies, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zhejiang Ningbo 315201, China 
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中文摘要:
      钛合金具有密度小、比强度高、耐蚀性好等优势,被广泛应用于诸多工程领域。由于钛合金存在表面硬度低、耐磨性差等缺点,导致其在过流部件中容易发生空蚀损伤,会降低钛合金构件的使用寿命,因此针对钛合金空蚀损伤行为及其防护措施的研究显得极为重要。概述了空蚀现象的作用机理和理论模型,详细介绍了材料自身的力学性能、表面状态、介质类型和溶液温度等对钛合金空蚀行为的影响,着重讨论了针对钛合金空蚀损伤的多种应对措施,如热处理、激光纹理加工、激光气体氮化、化学热处理、离子注入、添加缓蚀剂等技术,总结了相应方法提高钛合金抗空蚀性能的具体原因。其中,热处理技术通过改变钛合金自身的显微组织来提高其抗空蚀性能;激光气体氮化工艺可在钛合金表面形成硬质TiN相,以抵御空泡溃灭时的冲击;化学热处理技术在钛合金表面生成了致密的陶瓷层+固溶扩散层,缓解了空泡的溃灭能,延长了空蚀的孕育期;离子注入技术依靠注入离子在钛合金材料表面产生固溶强化、位错增值强化等效果,降低其空蚀损伤。最后对钛合金空蚀及防护研究的发展方向提出了展望。
英文摘要:
      Titanium alloy has been widely used in various engineering fields due to the low density, high specific strength and good corrosion resistance. However, low surface hardness and poor wear resistance could result in cavitation erosion damage of titanium alloy in fluid components, reducing the service life of titanium alloy components. Therefore, it is important to investigate the cavitation erosion damage behavior of titanium alloy and develop proper protection strategy. The mechanism and theoretical model of cavitation erosion were firstly introduced. The effects of mechanical properties, surface status, media and solution temperature on the cavitation erosion behavior of titanium alloy were expounded in detail. Various response measures against cavitation erosion damage of titanium alloy were discussed, such as heat treatment, laser surface texture, laser gas nitriding, thermo-chemical treatment, ion implantation, addition of corrosion inhibitors, etc. The specific reasons for improving the cavitation erosion resistance of titanium alloy by corresponding technologies were summarized. Heat treatment technology could improve the cavitation erosion resistance of titanium alloy by regulating the microstructure of titanium alloy. Laser gas nitriding process formed a hard TiN film on the surface of titanium alloy to resist the impact of cavitation bubble collapse. Thermo-chemical treatment could generate a dense ceramic layer + solid solution diffusion layer on the surface of titanium alloy to alleviate the collapse energy of cavitation bubble and prolong the incubation period of cavitation erosion erosion. Ion implantation depending on the solid solution strengthening and dislocation increment strengthening of ions on the surface of titanium alloy reduced the cavitation erosion damage. Finally, the development direction of cavitation erosion damage and protection of titanium alloy were prospected.
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