徐松超,盖鹏涛,付雪松,陈国清,周文龙.干、湿喷丸强化对TC17钛合金喷丸强化层的影响[J].表面技术,2021,50(9):91-98, 107.
XU Song-chao,GAI Peng-tao,FU Xue-song,CHEN Guo-qing,ZHOU Wen-long.Influences of Dry and Wet Shot Peening Process on Strengthening Layer of TC17 Titanium Alloy[J].Surface Technology,2021,50(9):91-98, 107
干、湿喷丸强化对TC17钛合金喷丸强化层的影响
Influences of Dry and Wet Shot Peening Process on Strengthening Layer of TC17 Titanium Alloy
投稿时间:2020-10-28  修订日期:2020-12-30
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2021.09.008
中文关键词:  TC17钛合金  喷丸强化  残余应力  EBSD  小角度晶界  大角度晶界
英文关键词:TC17 titanium alloy  shot peening  residual stress  EBSD  low-angle boundary  high-angle boundary
基金项目:航空科学基金(201936025001);中央高校基本科研业务费专项(DUT19LAB16);辽宁省“兴辽英才计划”项目资助(XLYC1902084)
作者单位
徐松超 大连理工大学 材料学院 凝固控制与数字化重点试验室,辽宁 大连 116023 
盖鹏涛 中国航空制造技术研究院,北京 100024 
付雪松 大连理工大学 材料学院 凝固控制与数字化重点试验室,辽宁 大连 116023 
陈国清 大连理工大学 材料学院 凝固控制与数字化重点试验室,辽宁 大连 116023 
周文龙 大连理工大学 材料学院 凝固控制与数字化重点试验室,辽宁 大连 116023;大连理工营口新材料工程中心有限公司,辽宁 营口 115004 
AuthorInstitution
XU Song-chao Key Laboratory of Solidification Control and Digital Preparation Technology Liaoning Province, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China 
GAI Peng-tao AVIC Manufacturing Technology Institute, Beijing 100024, China 
FU Xue-song Key Laboratory of Solidification Control and Digital Preparation Technology Liaoning Province, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China 
CHEN Guo-qing Key Laboratory of Solidification Control and Digital Preparation Technology Liaoning Province, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China 
ZHOU Wen-long Key Laboratory of Solidification Control and Digital Preparation Technology Liaoning Province, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China;Dalian Technology Yingkou Advanced Material Engineering Center Company Limited, Yingkou 115004, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究干喷丸与湿喷丸强化对TC17钛合金残余应力场的影响。方法 采用干、湿喷丸分别对TC17钛合金表面进行喷丸强化处理,利用X射线衍射仪、EBSD以及硬度仪,分析喷丸强度对材料表层残余应力、显微组织以及硬度的影响。结果 喷丸强度为0.20 mmN时,干喷丸最大残余应力在距表面30 μm处,湿喷丸最大残余应力在表面;喷丸强度为0.30 mmN时,干、湿喷丸引入的残余应力场层深分别为200、90 μm,干喷丸引入的残余应力层更深;喷丸强度为0.40 mmN时,干喷丸最大残余应力为–1191.5 MPa,而湿喷丸最大残余应力为–943.9 MPa,干喷丸引入的最大残余应力比湿喷丸的更大;当喷丸强度增加到0.50 mmN时,干、湿喷丸两种强化工艺均出现过喷丸现象,近表层的残余应力发生松弛,同时硬度值降低。通过EBSD研究发现,随着喷丸强度的增加,TC17钛合金表层组织中α相的小角度晶界比例先增加后减少,当喷丸强度为0.50 mmN时,α相内小角度晶界比例减少,大角度晶界比例增加。结论 当喷丸强度较小时,干喷丸强化引入的最大残余应力在次表面,而湿喷丸引入的在表面。当喷丸强度较大时,干、湿喷丸强化工艺均出现过喷丸现象,此时大量小角度晶界转变为大角度晶界,钛合金表层硬度场有所减小,残余应力场发生应力松弛。
英文摘要:
      This paper aims to study the effect of dry shot peening and wet shot peening on the residual stress field of TC17 titanium alloy. The surface of TC17 titanium alloys was successively strengthened by dry and wet shot peening of different strengths. Using X-ray diffractometer, EBSD and hardness tester, the author analyzed the effect of the two processes on the residual stress field, microstructure and hardness field of titanium alloy. When the shot peening strength was 0.20 mmN, the maximum residual stress introduced by dry shot peening in TC17 titanium alloy was 30 μm from the surface, while the maximum residual stress introduced by wet shot peening in TC17 titanium alloy was on the surface. When the shot peening strength was 0.30 mmN, the depth of the residual stress field induced by dry and wet shot peening was respectively 200 μm and 90 μm. The residual stress introduced by dry shot peening was deeper than that of wet shot peening. When the shot peening strength was 0.40 mmN, the maximum residual stress of dry shot peening was -1191.5 MPa, while the maximum residual stress of wet shot peening was -943.9 MPa. The maximum residual stress introduced by dry shot peening was greater than that of wet shot peening. When the shot peening strength was increased to 0.50 mmN, both dry and wet shot peening processes had experienced overshot peening. The residual stress near the surface layer relaxed and the hardness value decreased. Through EBSD research, it was found that as the shot peening strength increased, the low-angle grain boundary ratio of α phase in the surface layer of TC17 titanium alloy increased first and then decreased. When the shot peening strength was 0.50 mmN, the proportion of low-angle grain boundaries in α phase decreased, and the proportion of high-angle grain boundaries increased. Results indicate that when the shot peening strength is low, the maximum residual stress introduced by dry shot peening is on the subsurface, while that introduced by wet shot peening is on the surface. When the shot peening strength is high, both the dry and wet shot peening processes have experienced overshot peening. At this time, a large number of low-angle boundaries are transformed into high-angle boundaries, the hardness field of the titanium alloy surface layer is reduced, and the residual stress field undergoes stress relaxation.
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