何勇君,张斐,王海涛,张天遂,李广芳,刘宏芳.磁场作用下的微生物腐蚀研究进展[J].表面技术,2021,50(9):43-52.
HE Yong-jun,ZHANG Fei,WANG Hai-tao,ZHANG Tian-sui,LI Guang-fang,LIU Hong-fang.Research Progress of Microbial Corrosion under Magnetic Field[J].Surface Technology,2021,50(9):43-52
磁场作用下的微生物腐蚀研究进展
Research Progress of Microbial Corrosion under Magnetic Field
投稿时间:2020-09-23  修订日期:2021-07-06
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2021.09.004
中文关键词:  磁场  金属腐蚀  微生物腐蚀  生物膜  硫酸盐还原菌  铁氧化细菌  缓蚀剂
英文关键词:magnetic field  metal corrosion  microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC)  biofilm  sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB)  iron-oxidizing bacteria (IOB)  corrosion inhibitor
基金项目:中国石油化工股份有限公司项目(319008-8);城市地下综合管廊安全防控技术研究及示范(2017YFC0805000)
作者单位
何勇君 中国石化销售有限公司华南分公司,广州 510000 
张斐 华中科技大学 a.化学与化工学院 b.材料化学与服役失效湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430074 
王海涛 中国特种设备检测研究院,北京 100029 
张天遂 华中科技大学 a.化学与化工学院 b.材料化学与服役失效湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430074 
李广芳 华中科技大学 a.化学与化工学院 b.材料化学与服役失效湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430074 
刘宏芳 华中科技大学 a.化学与化工学院 b.材料化学与服役失效湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430074 
AuthorInstitution
HE Yong-jun Sinopec Sales Co., LtdSouth China, Guangzhou 510000, China 
ZHANG Fei a.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, b.Hubei Key Laboratory of Materials Chemistry and Service Failure, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China 
WANG Hai-tao China Special Equipment Inspection and Research Institute, Beijing 100029, China 
ZHANG Tian-sui a.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, b.Hubei Key Laboratory of Materials Chemistry and Service Failure, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China 
LI Guang-fang a.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, b.Hubei Key Laboratory of Materials Chemistry and Service Failure, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China 
LIU Hong-fang a.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, b.Hubei Key Laboratory of Materials Chemistry and Service Failure, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China 
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中文摘要:
      磁体周围存在磁场,磁体间的相互作用就是以磁场作为媒介的,磁场力包括洛伦兹力和安培力。概述了磁场对微生物和金属腐蚀过程的影响,包括对单一细菌和混菌体系、电化学控制和浓差极化控制的电化学过程的影响。归纳了磁场作用于微生物金属腐蚀的防控方法,包括微生物竞争手段、缓蚀杀菌剂的应用以及存在的不足等问题。在此基础上,重点综述了近年来磁场条件下金属微生物腐蚀的研究进展,分析了磁场对于微生物生长特性和生物膜形成的影响,分别以不同微生物存在的体系、电化学过程控制的类型等方面展开详细讨论。针对磁场存在的环境,总结了微生物对金属的腐蚀机理,包括生物膜理论、离子干涉理论、自由基理论等。最后结合磁场对金属腐蚀过程的相关机理,展望了后续磁场对微生物腐蚀防控的研究方向。
英文摘要:
      Magnetic field exists around magnets, and the interaction between magnets is mediated by magnetic field. Magnetic field force includes Lorentz force and Ampere force. In this paper, the effects of magnetic fields on microbial and metal corrosion processes, including single bacteria and mixed bacteria systems, electrochemical control and concentration polarization control of electrochemical processes are summarized. The prevention and control methods of microorganism metal corrosion by magnetic field were summarized, including microorganism competition, the application of corrosion inhibitor and the deficiency. On this basis, the research progress of metal microbial corrosion under magnetic field conditions in recent years was reviewed, and the influence of magnetic field on microbial growth characteristics and biofilm formation was analyzed. The system existing in different microorganisms and the types of electrochemical process control were discussed in detail. In the presence of magnetic field, the corrosion mechanism of microorganism to metal, including biofilm theory, ion interference theory, free radical theory and so on, is summarized. Finally, combined with the related mechanism of metal corrosion process caused by magnetic field, the future research direction of microbial corrosion prevention and control by magnetic field is prospected.
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