姬梅梅,朱时珍,马壮.航空航天用金属表面热防护涂层的研究进展[J].表面技术,2021,50(1):253-266.
JI Mei-mei,ZHU Shi-zhen,MA Zhuang.Advances in the Research of Thermal Protective Coatings on Aerospace Metal Surface[J].Surface Technology,2021,50(1):253-266
航空航天用金属表面热防护涂层的研究进展
Advances in the Research of Thermal Protective Coatings on Aerospace Metal Surface
投稿时间:2020-05-11  修订日期:2020-06-14
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2021.01.021
中文关键词:  热防护  热障涂层  抗氧化涂层  制备工艺  高温合金
英文关键词:thermal protection  thermal barrier coating  anti-oxidation coating  preparation technology  superalloy
基金项目:
作者单位
姬梅梅 北京理工大学 材料学院,北京 100081;冲击环境材料技术国家级重点实验室,北京 100081 
朱时珍 北京理工大学 材料学院,北京 100081;冲击环境材料技术国家级重点实验室,北京 100081 
马壮 北京理工大学 材料学院,北京 100081;冲击环境材料技术国家级重点实验室,北京 100081 
AuthorInstitution
JI Mei-mei School of Materials Science & Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China;National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Materials under Shock and Impact, Beijing 100081, China 
ZHU Shi-zhen School of Materials Science & Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China;National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Materials under Shock and Impact, Beijing 100081, China 
MA Zhuang School of Materials Science & Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China;National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Materials under Shock and Impact, Beijing 100081, China 
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中文摘要:
      高温合金材料凭借其优异的综合性能而广泛应用于航空航天领域热端部件。近年来,随着航空航天技术的不断发展,飞行器的热端部件正逐渐面临着更为严峻和复杂的服役环境,因此对高温合金的耐高温、抗氧化等使用性能提出了更高的要求。表面涂层技术由于具有约束条件少、可设计性强、技术类型和材料的选择空间大、经济环保等优点,成为目前最常用的热防护技术手段之一,具有广阔的应用前景和良好的发展潜力。综述了热障涂层、抗氧化涂层材料的研究进展,主要包括YSZ、稀土锆酸盐、稀土六铝酸盐、氧化物、金属间化合物等,并在此基础上探讨了多种热防护涂层的制备方法、工作原理、适用范围。针对性地提出了航空航天用高温合金表面热防护涂层未来发展的方向,即继续优化涂层材料的成分设计,改善涂层与基体之间的界面结合,综合多种热防护机理选用合适的技术方法制备多层多功能耦合热防护涂层,使其更好地适用于航空航天用金属的表面热防护。
英文摘要:
      Currently, superalloys are classic materials widely used in hot-end components in aerospace field due to their excellent comprehensive properties. In recent years, with the continuous development of aerospace technology, the hot-end components of air vehicles are gradually facing a more severe service environment. Therefore, better high temperature resistance and oxidation resistance of superalloys are required. Surface coating technology has become one of the most commonly used thermal protection technology methods because of its few constraints, strong designability, large selection of technology types and materials, and economy and environmental protection. So it has broad application prospects and good development potential. The research progress of thermal barrier coating materials and anti-oxidation coating materials are summarized. The main and common materials are YSZ, rare earth zirconate, rare earth hexaaluminate, oxide, intermetallic compounds, etc. The preparation methods of the thermal protective coatings and their working principle, and scope of application are described comprehensively. The future development direction of superalloy surface thermal protective coatings for aerospace is pointed out, that is, continue to optimize the composition design of the coating materials, improve the interface combination between the coating and the substrate, integrate a variety of thermal protection mechanisms and then select appropriate technical methods to prepare multi-layer multi-functional coupling thermal protection coatings to make them better suitable for thermal protection for aerospace metals.
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