张瑞珠,王文博,田伟杰,王重洋,黄建林.氟化聚氨酯涂层的制备及耐气蚀磨损性能研究[J].表面技术,2020,49(7):192-198.
ZHANG Rui-zhu,WANG Wen-bo,TIAN Wei-jie,WANG Chong-yang,HUANG Jian-lin.Preparation and Cavitation Wear Resistance of Fluorinated Polyurethane Coatings[J].Surface Technology,2020,49(7):192-198
氟化聚氨酯涂层的制备及耐气蚀磨损性能研究
Preparation and Cavitation Wear Resistance of Fluorinated Polyurethane Coatings
投稿时间:2019-09-10  修订日期:2020-07-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2020.07.024
中文关键词:  疏水性  FPU  极性基团  内聚力  耐磨  过流部件
英文关键词:hydrophobicity  FPU  polar group  cohesive force  wear resistance  flow component
基金项目:郑州市重点实验室资助项目(郑科技[2014]3号-10);河南省工程技术研究中心资助项目(豫科2016-221号-高新35);第三批智汇郑州1125?聚才计划-创新紧缺人才资助项目(郑政[2018]-45号-15)
作者单位
张瑞珠 1.华北水利水电大学,郑州 450045 
王文博 1.华北水利水电大学,郑州 450045 
田伟杰 1.华北水利水电大学,郑州 450045 
王重洋 1.华北水利水电大学,郑州 450045 
黄建林 2.河南天马新材料股份有限公司,郑州 450041 
AuthorInstitution
ZHANG Rui-zhu 1.North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450045, China 
WANG Wen-bo 1.North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450045, China 
TIAN Wei-jie 1.North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450045, China 
WANG Chong-yang 1.North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450045, China 
HUANG Jian-lin 2.Henan Tianma New Material Corp, Zhengzhou 450041, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 提高聚氨酯涂层材料的耐磨性和疏水性。方法 以全氟辛基乙基醇(TEOH-8)与二苯基甲烷二异氰酸酯(MDI)为原料,制备疏水性氟化聚氨酯(FPU)涂层,并使用衰减全反射-傅里叶变换红外光谱(ATR-FTIR)、差示扫描量热法(DSC)、耐冲蚀磨损试验、扫描电镜观察(SEM)等,分别对涂层内部官能团以及氟化聚氨酯的软、硬段玻璃化转变温度进行分析,并表征了涂层的耐气蚀磨损性能和表面微观结构。结果 ATR-FTIR显示FPU试样不含亲水性—CH2OH基团,DSC表明FPU弹性涂层在遭受冲蚀时,硬段相Tg(HS)值随着外力的增加而降低,使得硬段相的结晶度提高,涂层表面硬段相的抗张强度增强,涂层的抗磨性能提升。耐气蚀磨损试验表明,FPU涂层的实际空蚀量C为0.9313×10-3 kg,小于根据运行时间计算的空蚀保证量Cn,达到了空蚀保证量的标准,抗磨能力相对合金提高了44.68%。由扫描电镜和能谱分析可知,磨损后的表面出现了划痕,但近表面键能较高的C—F链具有高强度和耐水性,阻止了磨损向涂层深处扩展。结论 疏水性FPU具有较好的耐水性和耐磨性,可用于水下零部件的防护。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to improve the wear resistance and hydrophobicity of the polyurethane coating material. Hydrophobic fluorinated polyurethane (FPU) coating was prepared with perfluorooctylethyl alcohol (TEOH-8) and diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) as raw materials. Attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), abrasion test and SEM were adopted to analyze the functional groups in the coating and the glass transition temperatures of soft and hard segments of fluorinated polyurethane and characterize the wear resistance and surface microstructure of the coating. ATR-FTIR showed that FPU did not contain —CH2OH group. The result of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) indicated that when FPU elastic coating was subject to erosion, with the increase of the external force, the Tg(HS) of hard segment decreased, the crystallinity of hard phase increased, the tensile strength of the hard phase increased, and the wear resistance of the coating also increased. The abrasion test showed that the actual amount of FPU coating was 0.9313×10-3 kg, less than the guaranteed cavitation amount according to the running time and achieving the standard of the guaranteed cavitation amount, and the wear resistance increased by 44.68% relative to alloy. Scanning electron microscopy and energy spectrum analysis showed that scratches appeared on the worn surface, but the C—F chain with higher bond energy near the surface had high strength and water resistance, preventing the wear from spreading deeper into the coating. Hydrophobic FPU have better water resistance and abrasion resistance, and can be used to protect the underwater parts.
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