丁自友,崔蓝月,曾荣昌.镁合金表面自愈合涂层进展[J].表面技术,2019,48(3):1-9.
DING Zi-you,CUI Lan-yue,ZENG Rong-chang.Recent Development of Self-healing Coating on Magnesium Alloys: A Review[J].Surface Technology,2019,48(3):1-9
镁合金表面自愈合涂层进展
Recent Development of Self-healing Coating on Magnesium Alloys: A Review
投稿时间:2019-01-05  修订日期:2019-03-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2019.03.001
中文关键词:  镁合金  腐蚀  表面处理  涂层  自愈合  修复剂
英文关键词:magnesium alloys  corrosion  surface preparation  coating  self-healing  inhibitors
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51571134);山东科技大学科研创新团队支持计划(2014TDJH104)
作者单位
丁自友 山东科技大学 材料科学与工程学院,山东 青岛 266590 
崔蓝月 山东科技大学 材料科学与工程学院,山东 青岛 266590 
曾荣昌 山东科技大学 材料科学与工程学院,山东 青岛 266590 
AuthorInstitution
DING Zi-you College of Materials Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China 
CUI Lan-yue College of Materials Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China 
ZENG Rong-chang College of Materials Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China 
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中文摘要:
      自愈合涂层能够一定程度地修复表面涂层的损伤,延长涂层的使用寿命,因此,广泛应用于镁合金表面处理领域。结合经典的自愈合涂层模型和理论,综述了镁合金表面自修复涂层的最新相关研究成果。铬酸盐转化膜是一种最典型的化学转化膜,其利用修复剂之间的化学反应来达到修补涂层损伤的目的,工艺简单,容易实现,但其修复涂层效果极大地受到修复剂填埋量的影响。以微囊微管为代表的微容器型自愈合涂层进一步丰富了自愈合涂层的设计理念,但因其工艺相对复杂、缓蚀剂装载量有限等问题也颇受限制,而利用多孔材料装载修复剂的等类微容器涂层是近期比较新颖的涂层设计思路。最新的研究工作则主要围绕多功能化的自修复复合涂层展开,自愈合效果往往只是复合涂层的一部分功能,也不再是对于涂层本身的修复,而更加注重利用涂层本身与腐蚀产物的共同作用达到对涂层功能的修复;无机类与聚合物类修复剂复合使用,共同增强自愈合效果。另外,根据实际应用条件设计的触发式自愈合,更贴近现实。
英文摘要:
      Self-healing coating has been widely applied into surface treatment of magnesium alloys, due to the fact that it can repair the mechanical damage and prolong the in-service life. Based on classical self-healing coating models and theories, the cutting-edge researches of self-healing coatings on magnesium alloys are reviewed. Chromate chemical conversion coating, one of chemical conversion coatings, is used to renew itself by inhibitors. This method is simple and easy to implement, but it is highly affected by the amount of corrosion inhibitors. The micro-container self-healing coatings, such as microcapsule and microtubules, enrich design concept of self-healing coatings, but it is also limited due to the relatively complicated process and the loadings of inhibitor. Recently, porous materials are used as micro-container, which is a novel coating design concept. Multifunctional composite coatings are the focus in recent research, and self-healing effect is usually only one of its functions. New self-healing coatings not only focus on multi-functional composite coatings, but also pay more attention to repair functions. Inorganic and polymer-based healing agents are usually combined to enhance self-healing effect. Also, self-healing coatings designed and triggered by actual condition are closer to the reality.
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