郭勇义,蒋璐瑶,黄伟九,刘成龙,陈琛辉,胥桥梁.慢速搅拌摩擦加工对工业纯钛摩擦磨损性能的影响[J].表面技术,2018,47(9):101-108.
GUO Yong-yi,JIANG Lu-yao,HUANG Wei-jiu,LIU Cheng-long,CHEN Chen-hui,XU Qiao-liang.Effect of Low Rotation Speed on Tribological Properties of Friction Stir Processed Commercial Pure Ti[J].Surface Technology,2018,47(9):101-108
慢速搅拌摩擦加工对工业纯钛摩擦磨损性能的影响
Effect of Low Rotation Speed on Tribological Properties of Friction Stir Processed Commercial Pure Ti
投稿时间:2018-04-27  修订日期:2018-09-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2018.09.014
中文关键词:  工业纯钛  搅拌摩擦加工  晶粒细化  加工硬化  磨损机制  耐磨性
英文关键词:commercial pure Ti  friction stir processing  grain refinement  work hardening  wear mechanism  wear resistance
基金项目:重庆市基础科学与前沿技术研究专项项目(cstc2015jcyjBX0048);重庆市社会事业与民生保障科技创新专项(cstc2017shmsA130047);国家“万人计划”科技创新领军人才项目
作者单位
郭勇义 重庆理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400054 
蒋璐瑶 重庆理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400054 
黄伟九 重庆理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400054 
刘成龙 重庆理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400054 
陈琛辉 重庆理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400054 
胥桥梁 重庆理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,重庆 400054 
AuthorInstitution
GUO Yong-yi School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China 
JIANG Lu-yao School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China 
HUANG Wei-jiu School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China 
LIU Cheng-long School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China 
CHEN Chen-hui School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China 
XU Qiao-liang School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400054, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 利用慢速搅拌摩擦加工,获得工业纯钛细晶组织,提高其耐磨性能。方法 采用慢速搅拌摩擦加工对TA2工业纯钛退火板材进行表面处理,获得细晶结构。使用EBSD技术和显微硬度检测仪对表面微观结构及力学性能进行表征。采用球盘式摩擦磨损试验仪对搅拌摩擦加工前后的样品进行摩擦磨损性能测试,计算磨损率,并使用SEM及EDS分析磨痕特征。结果 搅拌摩擦加工处理后,工业纯钛晶粒尺寸显著细化,小角度晶界比例较高,加工硬化程度高。搅拌摩擦加工样品氧化磨损较为严重,粘着磨损程度减小。搅拌摩擦加工后,样品主要磨损方式由粘着磨损和二体磨损转变为氧化磨损和三体磨损。经过180 r/min、25 mm/min处理的工业纯钛磨损率仅为未加工样品的1/4左右。结论 慢速搅拌摩擦加工可同时提高工业纯钛表面硬度及耐磨损性能,较小的晶粒尺寸及合适的加工硬化程度可减轻粘着磨损和磨粒磨损。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to obtain fine grain microstructure of commercial pure Ti by means of friction stir processing (FSP) at low rotation speed, and improve abrasion resistance of the microstructure. Fine grain microstructure was obtained by applying low rate friction stir processing to TA2 commercial pure Ti. Surface microstructure and mechanical properties were characterized by using EBSD technology and microhardness tester. Ball-disc type friction-wear tester was used for friction-wear property test of the samples before and after friction stir processing, and also calculate wear rate. Characteristics of wear traces were analyzed by SEM and EDS. After the friction stir processing, grain size of commercial pure Ti was refined significantly, fraction of low-angle boundary (LAGB) and work-hardening capacity were increased. For the samples treated by friction stir processing, oxidation wear became worse and adhesive wear was reduced. The main wear mechanism changed from adhesive wear and two-body wear to oxidation wear and three-body wear after friction stir processing. Wear rate of friction stir processed Ti at the rotation speed of 180 r/min and traverse speed of 25 mm/min was a quarter of that of untreated Ti. Surface hardness and abrasion resistance are increased by friction stir processing at low rotation speed. Adhesive wear and abrasive wear can be mitigated by smaller grain size and proper work-hardening capacity.
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