李伟杰,苏雅,吴晶敏,朱世杰,关绍康.镁及镁合金缓蚀剂研究现状与展望[J].表面技术,2018,47(4):145-152.
LI Wei-jie,SU Ya,WU Jing-min,ZHU Shi-jie,GUAN Shao-kang.Present Development and Prospect of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloy Corrosion Inhibitors[J].Surface Technology,2018,47(4):145-152
镁及镁合金缓蚀剂研究现状与展望
Present Development and Prospect of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloy Corrosion Inhibitors
投稿时间:2017-09-26  修订日期:2018-04-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2018.04.022
中文关键词:  镁合金  缓蚀剂  乙二醇  氯化钠  缓蚀效率
英文关键词:magnesium alloy  corrosion inhibitors  ethylene glycol  sodium chloride  corrosion inhibition efficiency
基金项目:十三五”国家重点研发计划(2016YFC1102403,2017YFGX090043-04);河南省重大科技专项(141100310900)
作者单位
李伟杰 郑州大学 a.材料科学与工程学院,郑州 450001 
苏雅 郑州大学 b.河南省资源与材料工业技术研究院,郑州 450001 
吴晶敏 鹤壁市质量技术监督检验测试中心,河南 鹤壁 458030 
朱世杰 郑州大学 a.材料科学与工程学院,郑州 450001 
关绍康 郑州大学 a.材料科学与工程学院,郑州 450001 
AuthorInstitution
LI Wei-jie a. School of Material Science and Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China 
SU Ya b.Henan Province Industrial Technology Research Institute of Resources and Materials, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China 
WU Jing-min Hebi Quality and Technical Supervision & Testing Center, Hebi 458030, China 
ZHU Shi-jie a. School of Material Science and Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China 
GUAN Shao-kang a. School of Material Science and Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China 
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中文摘要:
      缓蚀剂技术是一种简单有效抑制金属在腐蚀介质中遭到破坏的腐蚀防护手段,在钢铁、铜等传统金属上已有大量研究及应用。由于镁具有接受电子和给予电子能力都比较低的原子结构特点和高活泼的化学性质,对传统金属材料有效的缓蚀剂对镁合金作用并不理想,所以对镁合金的缓蚀剂研究较少、起步较晚。近年来,经过国内外研究机构的不懈努力,对镁合金缓蚀剂的开发和缓蚀机理的研究取得了一定突破,初步建立了镁合金缓蚀剂的评价体系。针对镁合金缓蚀剂的不同应用介质,结合镁合金缓蚀剂的化合物性质,阐述了镁合金缓蚀剂的构效关系、影响缓蚀效率的主要因素、复配缓蚀剂配方优化等最新研究动态,并介绍了其缓蚀机理或协同缓蚀机理。最后,结合镁合金缓蚀剂的研究现状以及新的研究方法及其检测技术的发展,对镁合金缓蚀剂未来的研究方向、发展趋势和应用领域的拓展提出了展望。
英文摘要:
      Corrosion inhibitor technology is a simple and effective corrosion protection method to prevent metal corrosion in a corrosive medium, hence it has been extensively studied and applied to traditional metals such as steel and copper. As magnesium has atomic structure characteristic including low electron receptivity and electron giving capacity as well as highly active chemical properties, effective corrosion inhibitors for traditional metal materials are not ideal for magnesium alloy, so studies on corrosion inhibitors of magnesium alloy are less and started late. In recent years, through unremitting efforts made by research institutes at home and abroad, certain breakthrough has been made in development of magnesium alloy corrosion inhibitors and study on corrosion inhibition mechanism, an evaluation system has been initially established for magnesium alloy corrosion inhibitors. For different application mediums of magnesium alloy corrosion inhibitors, based upon compound properties of magnesium alloy corrosion inhibitors, recent research trends including development of magnesium alloy corrosion inhibitors structure-activity relationship, main factors influencing corrosion inhibition efficiency and optimization of compound corrosion inhibitors were presented, and corresponding corrosion mechanism or synergistic corrosion mechanism was introduced. Finally, future research direction, development trend and application field expansion of magnesium alloy corrosion inhibitors were prospected by referring to the research status of magnesium alloy corrosion inhibitors as well asnew research methods and development of correspondingdetection technology.
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