唐康康,丁彰雄,李超.纳米WC增强Ni基合金喷熔层组织结构与抗磨粒磨损特性[J].表面技术,2017,46(8):27-32
纳米WC增强Ni基合金喷熔层组织结构与抗磨粒磨损特性
Microstructure and Abrasive Wear Resistance of Nano-WC Reinforced Ni-based Alloy Spray-melted Coatings
投稿时间:2017-02-12  修订日期:2017-08-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2017.08.005
中文关键词:  磨粒磨损  纳米WC  Ni基合金  喷熔层  氧乙炔火焰喷熔
英文关键词:abrasive wear  nano WC  Ni-based alloy  spray-meltedand fused coatings  oxyacetylene-acetylene flame spray melting
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51422507)
作者单位
唐康康 武汉理工大学 能源与动力工程学院,武汉430063 
丁彰雄 武汉理工大学 能源与动力工程学院,武汉430063 
李超 武汉理工大学 能源与动力工程学院,武汉430063 
AuthorInstitution
TANG Kang-kang School of Energy and Power Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430063, China 
DING Zhang-xiong School of Energy and Power Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430063, China 
LI Chao School of Energy and Power Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430063, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究纳米WC对Ni基合金喷熔层抗磨粒磨损性能的影响。方法 采用扫描电镜、X射线衍射分析了氧乙炔火焰喷熔Ni基合金层和两种不同结构WC增强Ni基合金喷熔层的微观组织和相结构,并通过磨粒磨损试验平台对三种涂层进行磨损性能测试。结果 纳米WC粉末的加入,能有效提高喷熔层的宏观硬度。通过组织分析得出纳米WC增强Ni基喷熔层中除含有γ-(Ni,Cr)固溶体、Cr的碳化物、硼化物以及微米级WC颗粒之外,还含有一定量的纳米WC团聚体和少量高硬度的W2C相。磨粒磨损实验结果显示,纳米WC增强Ni基喷熔层的磨损失重分别为Ni60和NiWC35涂层失重的56%和73%。对比磨损后涂层的表面微观形貌可知,纳米WC颗粒在涂层中能有效降低磨粒压入喷熔层的深度,从而控制磨粒对喷熔层的犁削量。结论 纳米WC增强Ni基合金喷熔层中含有的γ-(Cr,Ni)固溶体、Cr23C6、Cr7C3、Cr3Ni2及未熔化的WC颗粒和WC脱碳形成的W2C等硬质相,使镍基自熔合金涂层的硬度有较大提高,同时也大大提高了涂层的抗磨粒磨损性能。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to study effects of Nano-WC on abrasive wear resistance of Ni-based alloy spray-melted coating. Microstructure and phase structure of Ni-based alloy spray-melted in oxyacetylene flame as well as WC-reinforced Ni-based alloy spray-melted coatings of two different structures were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffractometer (XRD). Meanwhile, wear resistance of the three coatings was tested using abrasive wear testbed. Addition of nano-WC powder could effectively improve macro hardness of spray-melted coating. Nano-WC reinforced Ni-based alloy spray-melted coatings contained not only γ-(Ni, Cr) solid solutions, Cr carbide, boride and micro-scale WC particles, but also a certain amount of nano-WC particles and a small amount of high-hardness W2C phase. The results of abrasive test showed that wear weight loss of nano WC-reinforced layer was 56% of that of NiWC35 coating and 73% of that of Ni60. Compared with surface microstructure of the worn coating, nano-WC particles in the coating could effectively reduce depth of abrasive particles impressed into the spray-melted layer, so as to control ploughing amount of the abrasive particles on the spraying layer. Generally, the by γ-(Ni,Cr) solid solutions, Cr23C6, Cr7C3, Cr3Ni2, unmelted WC particles and hardness phases such as W2C formed by WC decarburization in the nano WC-reinforced Ni-based alloy spray-melted coating can greatly improve hardness and abrasive wear resistance of the coating.
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