刘子利,章守东,刘希琴,王越,李健.硼酸对镁合金达克罗涂层耐蚀性能的影响[J].表面技术,2017,46(8):7-14
硼酸对镁合金达克罗涂层耐蚀性能的影响
Effects of Boron Acid on Corrosion Resistance of Dacromet Coating on Magnesium Alloys
投稿时间:2017-03-14  修订日期:2017-08-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2017.08.002
中文关键词:  硼酸  镁合金  达克罗涂层  耐蚀性能
英文关键词:boric acid  magnesium alloy  Dacromet coating  corrosion resistance
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFB0301000);江苏省科技成果转化项目(BA2016039);江苏省六大人才高峰项目(2014-XCL-005);苏州市科技发展计划项目(SGC201534);江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目
作者单位
刘子利 1.南京航空航天大学 材料科学与技术学院,南京 210016;2.江苏省(中翼)轻合金精密压铸成形工程技术研究中心,江苏 常熟 215542 
章守东 1.南京航空航天大学 材料科学与技术学院,南京 210016;2.江苏省(中翼)轻合金精密压铸成形工程技术研究中心,江苏 常熟 215542 
刘希琴 1.南京航空航天大学 材料科学与技术学院,南京 210016;2.江苏省(中翼)轻合金精密压铸成形工程技术研究中心,江苏 常熟 215542 
王越 1.南京航空航天大学 材料科学与技术学院,南京 210016;2.江苏省(中翼)轻合金精密压铸成形工程技术研究中心,江苏 常熟 215542 
李健 1.江苏省(中翼)轻合金精密压铸成形工程技术研究中心,江苏 常熟 215542;2.江苏中翼汽车新材料科技有限公司,江苏 常熟215542 
AuthorInstitution
LIU Zi-li 1.School of Materials Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China; 2.Jiangsu (Zhongyi) Engineering Research Center of Light Alloy Precision Die Casting, Changshu 215542, China 
ZHANG Shou-dong 1.School of Materials Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China; 2.Jiangsu (Zhongyi) Engineering Research Center of Light Alloy Precision Die Casting, Changshu 215542, China 
LIU Xi-qin 1.School of Materials Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China; 2.Jiangsu (Zhongyi) Engineering Research Center of Light Alloy Precision Die Casting, Changshu 215542, China 
WANG Yue 1.School of Materials Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China; 2.Jiangsu (Zhongyi) Engineering Research Center of Light Alloy Precision Die Casting, Changshu 215542, China 
LI Jian 1.Jiangsu (Zhongyi) Engineering Research Center of Light Alloy Precision Die Casting, Changshu 215542, China; 2.Jiangsu Favour Automotive New Stuff Sci-Tech Co., Ltd, Changshu 215542, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 提升镁合金的耐腐蚀性能。方法 采用电化学测试、盐雾试验、XRD及SEM等方法,研究了不同硼酸添加量对AZ31镁合金达克罗涂层组织与耐蚀性能的影响,并分析其成膜机理。结果 镁合金达克罗涂层主要由Zn、Mg、MgCrO4、ZnO、MgO、Cr2O3、CrO3组成,添加硼酸后,涂层中出现B2O3。MgCrO4、MgO含量随着硼酸含量的增加而降低,而Cr2O3和CrO3含量增加,并在硼酸加入量(质量分数)为2%的涂层中达到极限值。未添加硼酸的达克罗涂层表面存在微孔及微裂纹,添加2%硼酸的涂层的致密性能得到提高,当进一步增加硼酸含量时,涂层的致密性再次降低。添加2%硼酸涂层的腐蚀电流密度为5.068×10-5 A/cm2,比未添加硼酸涂层时降低了1个数量级。涂层的电化学阻抗谱容抗弧半径和阻抗值,均在2%硼酸添加量时达到最大值,此时涂层耐蚀性能最好。结论 硼酸具有促进成膜的作用,添加2%硼酸能够增加涂层的致密性,提高涂层的耐蚀性能。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to improve corrosion resistance of magnesium alloy. Effects of different content of boric acid content on microstructure and corrosion resistance of Dacromet coating on AZ31 magnesium alloy were studied in methods including electrochemical test, salt spray test, X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The Dacromet coating on magnesium alloy consisted of Zn, Mg, MgCrO4, ZnO, MgO, Cr2O3 and CrO3. B2O3 appeared on the coating as boric acid was added. The content of MgCrO4 and MgO decreased while the content of Cr2O3 and CrO3 increased (reached the limit value in the coating containing 2% boric acid) as the addition of boric acid increased. Micropore and micro-cracks were present on the surface of the boric acid-free Dacromet coating. Density of the coating containing 2% boric acid could be improved. The coating density was reduced again with the further increase of boric acid. Corrosion current density of the coating with 2% boric acid was 5.068×10-5 A/cm2, 1 order of magnitude lower than that of the boric acid-from coating. Capacitive arc radius and impedance of the coating on electrochemical impedance spectroscopy reached the maximum as 2% boric acid was added, and the corrosion resistance was the best. Boric acid promotes film formation. Adding 2% boric acid can increase the coating density and improve corrosion resistance of the coating.
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