陈港泉,胡红岩,李燕飞,李振,靳治良,钱玲,水碧纹,吕功煊.莫高窟壁画疱疹病害的微观形貌和成分研究[J].表面技术,2016,45(10):162-167.
CHEN Gang-quan,HU Hong-yan,LI Yan-fei,LI Zhen,JIN Zhi-liang,QIAN Ling,SHUI Bi-wen,LYU Gong-xuan.Micro-morphology and Composition of Mural Herpes in Mogao Grottoes[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(10):162-167
莫高窟壁画疱疹病害的微观形貌和成分研究
Micro-morphology and Composition of Mural Herpes in Mogao Grottoes
投稿时间:2016-02-02  修订日期:2016-10-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.10.025
中文关键词:  疱疹病害    莫高窟  壁画  扫描电子显微镜
英文关键词:herpes damage  salts  Mogao grottoes  mural  SEM
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(21177021);国家文物局课题(20110207); 973 计划课题(2012CB720901、2012CB720905);国家科技支撑计划课题(2014BAK16B01)
作者单位
陈港泉 1.兰州大学 土木工程与力学学院,兰州 730000;2.敦煌研究院保护研究所 国家古代壁画与土遗址保护工程技术研究中心,甘肃 敦煌 736200 
胡红岩 中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所 羰基合成与选择氧化国家重点实验室,兰州 730000 
李燕飞 敦煌研究院保护研究所 国家古代壁画与土遗址保护工程技术研究中心,甘肃 敦煌 736200 
李振 中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所 羰基合成与选择氧化国家重点实验室,兰州 730000 
靳治良 中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所 羰基合成与选择氧化国家重点实验室,兰州 730000 
钱玲 中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所 羰基合成与选择氧化国家重点实验室,兰州 730000 
水碧纹 敦煌研究院保护研究所 国家古代壁画与土遗址保护工程技术研究中心,甘肃 敦煌 736200 
吕功煊 中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所 羰基合成与选择氧化国家重点实验室,兰州 730000 
AuthorInstitution
CHEN Gang-quan 1.School of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China; 2.The Conservation Institute of the Dunhuang Research Academy, National Research Center for Conservation of Ancient Wall Paintings and Earthen Sites, Dunhuang, Gansu 736200, China 
HU Hong-yan State Key Laboratory for Oxo Synthesis and Selective Oxidation, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou 730000, China 
LI Yan-fei The Conservation Institute of the Dunhuang Research Academy, National Research Center for Conservation of Ancient Wall Paintings and Earthen Sites, Dunhuang, Gansu 736200, China 
LI Zhen State Key Laboratory for Oxo Synthesis and Selective Oxidation, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou 730000, China 
JIN Zhi-liang State Key Laboratory for Oxo Synthesis and Selective Oxidation, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou 730000, China 
QIAN Ling State Key Laboratory for Oxo Synthesis and Selective Oxidation, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou 730000, China 
SHUI Bi-wen The Conservation Institute of the Dunhuang Research Academy, National Research Center for Conservation of Ancient Wall Paintings and Earthen Sites, Dunhuang, Gansu 736200, China 
LYU Gong-xuan State Key Laboratory for Oxo Synthesis and Selective Oxidation, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou 730000, China 
摘要点击次数:
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究壁画疱疹盐分或元素的分布规律,为病害治理提供依据。方法 使用扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、场发射扫描电子显微镜(FESEM)、X 射线能谱(EDS)、X 射线衍射(XRD)对疱疹表面的微观形貌、结构及成分进行分析。结果 SEM 研究结果表明,疱疹表面被粘土质包裹,其核心部分为无机结晶盐,从部分疱疹剖面可观测到立方体或者近立方体形态的无机盐晶体。FESEM 及EDS 分析结果显示,大部分疱疹盐结晶的主要成分以Na、Cl 元素为主,少部分疱疹中含有Mg、Ca、S 等元素。另外,疱疹中Na 和Cl 以及S 和Ca 元素具有良好的比例对应关系。结论 莫高窟壁画疱疹中的无机盐主要由易溶盐NaCl 构成,少量疱疹还含有CaCl2、MgSO4、CaSO4 等可溶盐或中溶盐。
英文摘要:
      The work aims to study the distribution law of salt or elements in mural herpes so as to provide basis for mural salts damage treatment. The morphology, structure, internal elements and composition of the herpes were investigated by virtue of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-ray energy spectrometer (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The SEM and FESEM clearly showed that the herpes surfaces were covered by clay with a major composition of inorganic crystals of salt in the core herpes. Furthermore, cubic or cube-like salt crystals could be observed on cross-sections of the herpes. According to the results of FESEM and EDS analysis, the Na and Cl elements were main components of salt crystals in the majority of herpes, and Ca, S, Mg and other elements could also be detected in some herpes. More specifically, some elements, such as Na and Cl, Ca and S, exhibited good proportionality. On the basis of above results, it can be concluded that the inorganic salts in mural herpes are mainly composed of soluble salt NaCl, and a small number of herpes contains soluble salt or sparingly soluble salt such as CaCl2, CaSO4, MgSO4.
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