朱胜,张垚,王晓明,陈永星,韩国峰.扫描速度对激光熔覆 Al 基非晶复合层组织与性能的影响[J].表面技术,2016,45(7):136-142.
ZHU Sheng,ZHANG Yao,WANG Xiao-ming,CHEN Yong-xing,HAN Guo-feng.The Effect of Scanning Speed on Structure and Performance of Al-based Amorphous Composite by Laser Cladding[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(7):136-142
扫描速度对激光熔覆 Al 基非晶复合层组织与性能的影响
The Effect of Scanning Speed on Structure and Performance of Al-based Amorphous Composite by Laser Cladding
投稿时间:2016-03-22  修订日期:2016-07-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.07.023
中文关键词:  激光熔覆  扫描速度  Al 基非晶  显微硬度  耐磨性能
英文关键词:laser cladding  scanning speed  Al-based amorphous  microhardness  wear resistance
基金项目:科技部国际合作专项(2015DFG51920)
作者单位
朱胜 装甲兵工程学院 装备再制造技术国防科技重点实验室,北京 100072 
张垚 装甲兵工程学院 装备再制造技术国防科技重点实验室,北京 100072 
王晓明 装甲兵工程学院 装备再制造技术国防科技重点实验室,北京 100072 
陈永星 装甲兵工程学院 装备再制造技术国防科技重点实验室,北京 100072 
韩国峰 装甲兵工程学院 装备再制造技术国防科技重点实验室,北京 100072 
AuthorInstitution
ZHU Sheng National Key Laboratory for Remanufacturing, Academy of Armored Force Engineering, Beijing 100072, China 
ZHANG Yao National Key Laboratory for Remanufacturing, Academy of Armored Force Engineering, Beijing 100072, China 
WANG Xiao-ming National Key Laboratory for Remanufacturing, Academy of Armored Force Engineering, Beijing 100072, China 
CHEN Yong-xing National Key Laboratory for Remanufacturing, Academy of Armored Force Engineering, Beijing 100072, China 
HAN Guo-feng National Key Laboratory for Remanufacturing, Academy of Armored Force Engineering, Beijing 100072, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 在 5083 铝合金表面激光熔覆制备 Al-Ni-Y-Co-La 非晶复合熔覆层,并研究扫描速度对熔覆层组织与性能的影响规律。 方法 采用 YAG: Nd 激光器,在扫描速度分别为 200、 300、 400 mm/min下制备 Al 基非晶复合层,并采用金相显微镜、扫描电子显微镜、 X 射线衍射仪、硬度仪、摩擦磨损试验机观察熔覆层微观组织及测试其显微硬度及耐磨损性能。结果 熔覆层主要由 α-Al 相、Al3Y 及 Al4NiY等金属化合物相组成。随着扫描速度的增加,熔覆层组织由粗大的条(柱)状晶向细小的等轴晶转变,当扫描速度大于 300 mm/min时,熔覆层内存在部分非晶复合区域。熔覆层平均显微硬度大于 250HV0.1,当扫描速度为 300 mm/min 时,熔覆层显微硬度最高达 300HV0.1。低载荷下,扫描速度为 200、 300、400 mm/min 时的熔覆层和基体的平均摩擦系数分别为 0.384、 0.288、 0.304、 0.571,平均磨损体积分别为 7.586×107、 2.516×107、 5.027×107、 45.638×107 μm3,熔覆层平均摩擦系数和磨损体积较 5083 基体均显著降低。 结论 采用激光熔覆技术能够制备 Al 基非晶复合层。当扫描速度为 300 mm/min 时,熔覆层具有最佳的成形性和耐磨损性能;当扫描速度进一步增大至 400 mm/min 时,熔池拖带基体翻卷上浮导致成分严重偏析,使熔覆层的成形性和耐磨损性能下降。
英文摘要:
      Objective To fabricate Al-Ni-Y-Co-La amorphous composite claddings on 5083 substrates by laser cladding, and study the effects of laser scanning speed on microstructure and performance of the cladding. Methods YAG:Nd laser was used to fabricate Al-based amorphous composite claddings at the speed of 200, 300, 400 mm/min. OM, SEM, XRD, hardness tester and friction wear testing machine were used to observe the microstructure and test the microhardness and wear resistance of claddings. Results The cladding mainly consisted of α-Al, Al3Y, Al4NiY and other metallic compound phases. With the increase of scanning speed, the grain structure changed from the coarse banded crystal to the minor isometric crystal. When the laser scanning speed was over 300 mm/min, there was a partial amorphous phase. The average microhardness of the cladding was greater than 250HV0.1. When the scanning speed was 300 mm/min, the biggest microhardness of the cladding reached 300HV0.1. The average friction coefficient of cladding and substrate at low load when scanning speed was 200, 300, 400 mm/min was 0.384, 0.288, 0.304 and 0.571, and the corresponding average wear volume was 7.586×107, 2.516×107, 5.027×107, 45.638×107 μm3. The claddings showed very lower friction coefficient and wear volume than 5083 substrate. Conclusion Al-based amorphous composite claddings can be fabricated by laser cladding. When the laser scanning speed is about 300 mm/min, the cladding has the best formability and wear resistance. While the scanning speed further increases to 400 mm/min, the molten pool will towing substrate rewinding and floating, which leads to the severe segregation of the cladding and decrease its formability and wear resistance.
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