李冬梅,龙武,邹宁.低 H2S、高 CO2 超深井环境中 P110SS 抗硫钢的腐蚀行为[J].表面技术,2016,45(7):102-108.
LI Dong-mei,LONG Wu,ZOU Ning.Corrosion Behavior of P110SS Anti-sulfer Pipeline Steel in Low H2S and High CO2 Partial Pressure Environment of Ultradeep Well[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(7):102-108
低 H2S、高 CO2 超深井环境中 P110SS 抗硫钢的腐蚀行为
Corrosion Behavior of P110SS Anti-sulfer Pipeline Steel in Low H2S and High CO2 Partial Pressure Environment of Ultradeep Well
投稿时间:2016-03-10  修订日期:2016-07-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.07.018
中文关键词:  抗硫钢 P110SS  H2S/CO2腐蚀  低 H2S 分压  温度  腐蚀产物膜成分  腐蚀速率
英文关键词:anti-sulfer steel P110SS  H2S/CO2 corrosion  low H2S partial pressure  temperature  corrosion scale component  corrosion rate
基金项目:
作者单位
李冬梅 中石化西北油田分公司 石油工程技术研究院,乌鲁木齐 830011 
龙武 中石化西北油田分公司 石油工程技术研究院,乌鲁木齐 830011 
邹宁 中石化西北油田分公司 石油工程技术研究院,乌鲁木齐 830011 
AuthorInstitution
LI Dong-mei Sinopec Northwest Oilfield Company, Research Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Urumqi 830011, China 
LONG Wu Sinopec Northwest Oilfield Company, Research Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Urumqi 830011, China 
ZOU Ning Sinopec Northwest Oilfield Company, Research Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Urumqi 830011, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究高温条件下抗硫低合金钢 P110SS 在低 H2S、高 CO2环境中的腐蚀行为。 方法 模拟我国西部酸性油田工况环境,利用高温高压设备,通过失重法测试腐蚀速率,并用 SEM、 EDS 和 XRD分析腐蚀产物。 结果 在 8 MPa 的纯 CO2 环境中,腐蚀速率随温度升高而降低, 210 ℃时为 0.35 mm/a,腐蚀产物为碳酸盐。当加入 6 kPa 硫化氢时,腐蚀速率依然随温度升高而降低, 150 ℃时为 0.74 mm/a,腐蚀产物呈现双层结构,内层为结晶良好的 FeCO3,外层为 FeS。当硫化氢分压升至 165 kPa 时,腐蚀加剧,且腐蚀速率随温度升高而增大, 210 ℃时达 2.78 mm/a,腐蚀产物主要为铁的硫化物,同时随腐蚀时间延长至 2160 h,腐蚀速率有所降低。 结论 在纯 CO2环境中,高温时生成的内层碳酸盐腐蚀产物膜相对完整,对基体的保护能力较强。当加入 6 kPa 硫化氢时,腐蚀由 CO2主导,呈现与纯 CO2环境中相同的腐蚀速率规律,内层的 FeCO3细密均匀。当硫化氢分压升至 165 kPa 时,腐蚀由 H2S 和 CO2混合控制,疏松破损的铁的硫化物无法对基体形成良好的保护,因此腐蚀速率显著升高。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the corrosion behavior of anti-sulfer lean alloy steel P110SS in high temperature environment containing low H2S and high CO2. Methods The corrosion rates acquired by weight loss test of P110SS were studied using high temperature and pressure autoclave in the simulated corrosion environment based on acid oilfield in West China. Combined with SEM, EDS and XRD, the features of corrosion products were analyzed. Results The corrosion rate of P110SS diminished with the raise of temperature in single CO2 environment. The corrosion rate was 0.35 mm/a at 210 ℃. The same regular pattern appeared when 6 kPa H2S was joined. The corrosion rate was 0.74 mm/a at 150 ℃. And the scales on the steel had a two-layer structure. The inner layer consisted of fine-grained FeCO3 and the outer layer was mainly composed of FeS. When H2S partial pressure increased to 165 kPa, the corrosion aggravated and it presented the opposite law of corrosion rate. The corrosion rate was 2.78 mm/a at 210 ℃. The main product was iron sulfide. Meanwhile, the corrosion rate decreased when the corrosion time was prolonged to 2160 h. Conclusion The mechanism of the above-mentioned variations was discussed according to the analysis on characteristics of corrosion products in different conditions. In single CO2 environment, the inner corrosion scale generated at high temperature, which was flawless carbonate, could protect the substrate preferably. It showed the same regular pattern owing to the domination of CO2 when 6 kPa H2S was injected. The inner FeCO3 scale was fine. With the H2S partial pressure increased to 165 kPa, the corrosion process was controled by H2S and CO2. The corrision rate rose notablely due to the poor protection effect of loose and worn iron sulfide.
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