徐德奎,王宙,付传起,马文海.三乙醇胺络合剂对化学镀 Ni-W-P 合金镀层结构与性能的影响[J].表面技术,2016,45(7):74-79.
XU De-kui,WANG Zhou,FU Chuan-qi,MA Wen-hai.Research in the Effect of Trolamine Complexing Agent on Structure and Properties of Electroless Ni-W-P Alloy Coating[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(7):74-79
三乙醇胺络合剂对化学镀 Ni-W-P 合金镀层结构与性能的影响
Research in the Effect of Trolamine Complexing Agent on Structure and Properties of Electroless Ni-W-P Alloy Coating
投稿时间:2016-03-21  修订日期:2016-07-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.07.013
中文关键词:  三乙醇胺  化学镀 Ni-W-P 合金镀层  镀层结构  孔隙率  腐蚀性能  盐雾试验
英文关键词:trolamine  Ni-W-P alloy coating  structure of the coating  porosity  corrosion resistance  salt spray test
基金项目:大连金州新区科技计划项目(KJCX-ZTPY-2014-0003)
作者单位
徐德奎 1.北京工业大学 机械工程与应用电子技术学院,北京 100124;2.大庆油田有限责任公司采油工程研究院,黑龙江 大庆 163453 
王宙 大连大学,辽宁 大连 116622 
付传起 大连大学,辽宁 大连 116622 
马文海 大庆油田有限责任公司采油工程研究院,黑龙江 大庆 163453 
AuthorInstitution
XU De-kui 1.College of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Electronics Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124,China; 2.Daqing Oil Production Engineering Research Institute, Daqing 163453, China 
WANG Zhou Dalian University, Dalian 116622, China 
FU Chuan-qi Dalian University, Dalian 116622, China 
MA Wen-hai Daqing Oil Production Engineering Research Institute, Daqing 163453, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究以三乙醇胺作为络合剂对化学镀 Ni-W-P 合金镀层的组织结构和腐蚀性能的影响。方法 以化学镀的方法在 40Cr 基体上制备 Ni-W-P 合金镀层,研究了三乙醇胺对 Ni-W-P 合金镀层的成分结构、沉积速率、耐蚀性和孔隙率的影响。 结果 三乙醇胺用量为 8 mL/L 时镀层 W、 P 质量分数达到峰值,分别为 3.63%、9.34%。三乙醇胺用量较低时,镀层具有非晶态结构;三乙醇胺用量达到 12 mL/L时镀层开始出现晶态峰,具有混晶态结构。三乙醇胺浓度对镀层的沉积速率和孔隙率具有很大影响,三乙醇胺用量为 10 mL/L 时, 镀速达到最大值 14.1 μm/h,用量为 8 mL/L 时,镀层的孔隙率最低,为0.07%。 化学镀 Ni-W-P 合金镀层的耐蚀性随着三乙醇胺浓度的增加,具有先增加后降低的趋势,用量为 8 mL/L 时,镀层的腐蚀速率最低,为 5.6 μm/a,耐蚀性最好。 结论 以三乙醇胺作为络合剂能够得到胞状颗粒且颗粒均匀细小的 Ni-W-P 合金镀层,对镀层的结构具有一定的影响, 可以提高 Ni-W-P 合金镀层的沉积速率。 Ni-W-P 合金镀层具有很好的耐蚀性, 腐蚀速率最低为 5.6 μm/a。
英文摘要:
      Objective To research the effect of trolamine complexing agent on structure and properties of electroless Ni-W-P alloy coating. Methods Ni-W-P alloy coating was prepared on 40Cr substrate by chemical plating. The effect of trolamine on structural components, deposition rates, corrosion resistance and porosity of Ni-W-P alloy coating was investigated. Results When concentration of trolamine was 8 mL/L, the mass fraction of coating W and P reached at the peak 3.63% and 9.34% respectively. The coating was amorphous structure when concentration of trolamine concentration was low while it began to take on cystalline state peak and have mixed cystalline when the concentration reached 12 mL/L. Trolamine concentration had great influence on the deposition rate and porosity of the coating. The deposition rate reached maximum 14.1 μm/h as the trolamine concentration increased, and the coating porosity reached minimum 0.07% when the trolamine concentration decreased to 8 mL/L. The corrosion resistance of the Ni-W-P alloy coating tended to firstly increase and then fall down with the increasing trolamine concentration in plating bath. The Ni-W-P alloy coating had the best corrosion resistance at corrosion rate of 5.6 μm/a and concentration of 8 mL/L. Conclusion The use of trolamine as complexing agent can produce Ni-W-P alloy with uniform and fine cellular particles and has a certain influence on the structure of the coating. It can improve the deposition rate of the Ni-W-P alloy coating. The Ni-W-P alloy coating has good corrosion resistance with the minimum corrosion rate at 5.6 μm/a.
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