薛丹,胡敏.陕北气田气井腐蚀速率影响因素及规律[J].表面技术,2016,45(2):169-174.
XUE dan,HU Min.Factors and Rules Affecting Gas Well Corrosion Rate in Shanbei Gasfield[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(2):169-174
陕北气田气井腐蚀速率影响因素及规律
Factors and Rules Affecting Gas Well Corrosion Rate in Shanbei Gasfield
投稿时间:2015-11-10  修订日期:2016-02-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.02.027
中文关键词:  陕北气田  腐蚀  静态失重法  矿化度  温度
英文关键词:Shanbei gasfield  corrosion  static weight-loss method  salinity  temperature
基金项目:
作者单位
薛丹 西安石油大学 化学化工学院, 西安 710065 
胡敏 西安石油大学 化学化工学院, 西安 710065 
AuthorInstitution
XUE dan College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xi'an Shiyou University, Xi'an 710065, China 
HU Min College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xi'an Shiyou University, Xi'an 710065, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 选择恰当、高效防腐对策以提高气田开发经济效℃,保证气井安全生产。 方法 对陕北某气田的水质进行全面分析,并以通入饱和 CO2 的气田气井产出水作为腐蚀介质,通过静态失重法探讨温度、矿化度、体系酸碱度、水介质中 CO2 含量、H2S 含量、溶解氧含量、HCO3含量、Cl-含量对设备管道腐蚀性的影响及其腐蚀规律。 结果 陕北某气田的气井产出水矿化度约为 50 000 mg/ L,且 Cl-、HCO3 -含量偏高,水样呈弱酸性,pH 值约 6. 5;腐蚀速率随水介质中 CO2 含量、H2S 含量、溶解氧含量、HCO3 -含量、Cl-含量增加均呈增加趋势,在50 ℃时最大达到0. 352 mm/ a,pH 值为7 时最小为0. 250 mm/ a。 结论 陕北某气田设备管道的腐蚀主要表现为 O2 腐蚀和 CO2 腐蚀。
英文摘要:
      Objective To choose appropriate and efficient anti-corrosion measures so as to improve economic benefit and ensure safety of oilfield production. Methods In the paper, water quality of Shanbei gasfield was analyzed and the gas field water from gas well replenished with saturated CO2 was taken as corrosive medium. The influences of temperature, salinity, systematic pH, CO2 content and H2S content in the water, dissolved oxygen content, HCO3 - content and Cl- content on the equipment pipeline corrosion and the corrosion pattern were discussed by static weight-loss method. Results The water from Shanbei gasfield had the salinity reaching about 50 000 mg/ L, Cl- and HCO3 - contents were relatively high, the water sample was weak acidic, the pH value was around 6. 5. The corrosion rate increased with the increasing in contents of CO2, H2S, dissolved oxygen, HCO3 - and Cl- in the water medium, the corrosion rate reached the maximum 0. 352 mm/ a at 50 ℃ and the lowest 0. 250 mm/ a when the pH value was 7. Conclusion Corrosion of equipment pipelines of Shanbei gasfield is mainly O2 corrsion and CO2 corrsion.
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