李晓乐,马科友,苏小莉,张晓杰,张琳.超声掺 Bi 二氧化铅电极电氧化降解 2-氯苯酚研究[J].表面技术,2016,45(2):151-155.
LI Xiao-le,MA Ke-you,SU Xiao-li,ZHANG Xiao-jie,ZHANG Lin.Electro-catalytic Oxidation of 2-chlorophenol on a Ultrasonic Doped Bi-PbO2 / Ti in Aqueous Solution[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(2):151-155
超声掺 Bi 二氧化铅电极电氧化降解 2-氯苯酚研究
Electro-catalytic Oxidation of 2-chlorophenol on a Ultrasonic Doped Bi-PbO2 / Ti in Aqueous Solution
投稿时间:2015-10-26  修订日期:2016-02-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.02.024
中文关键词:  超声电沉积  二氧化铅电极  Bi  2-氯苯酚  降解  电催化
英文关键词:ultrasonic-associated electro-deposition  lead dioxide electrode  bismuth  2-chlorphenol  degradation  electro-catalysis
基金项目:
作者单位
李晓乐 济源职业技术学院 冶金化工系, 河南 济源 459000 
马科友 济源职业技术学院 冶金化工系, 河南 济源 459000 
苏小莉 济源职业技术学院 冶金化工系, 河南 济源 459000 
张晓杰 1. 济源职业技术学院 冶金化工系, 河南 济源 459000;2. 中国科学院 兰州化学物理研究所, 兰州 730000 
张琳 济源职业技术学院 冶金化工系, 河南 济源 459000 
AuthorInstitution
LI Xiao-le Department of Metallurgical and Chemical Engineering, Jiyuan Vocational and Technical Collage, Jiyuan 459000, China 
MA Ke-you Department of Metallurgical and Chemical Engineering, Jiyuan Vocational and Technical Collage, Jiyuan 459000, China 
SU Xiao-li Department of Metallurgical and Chemical Engineering, Jiyuan Vocational and Technical Collage, Jiyuan 459000, China 
ZHANG Xiao-jie 1. Department of Metallurgical and Chemical Engineering, Jiyuan Vocational and Technical Collage, Jiyuan 459000, China;2. Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China 
ZHANG Lin Department of Metallurgical and Chemical Engineering, Jiyuan Vocational and Technical Collage, Jiyuan 459000, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 提高 PbO2 / Ti 的使用寿命、对目标反应物的电氧化催化活性及选择性。 方法 以覆有SnO2+Sb2O3 的 Ti 网为阳极,分别在 Pb(NO3 )2、NaF 混合溶液及 Pb(NO3 )2、NaF、Bi(NO3 )3 组成的掺 Bi混合溶液中,在电沉积液 pH=2、60 ℃ 、电沉积电流密度为 0. 04 A/ cm2 的条件下,进行常规电沉积及超声电沉积 1 h,制备出 PbO2 / SnO2 +Sb2O3 / Ti,Bi-PbO2 / SnO2 +Sb2O3 / Ti,PbO2 (ultrasonic) / SnO2 +Sb2O3 / Ti,Bi-PbO2(ultrasonic) / SnO2+Sb2O3 / Ti 4 类二氧化铅电极。 在硫酸溶液中测定其加速寿命,用稳态极化曲线分析电催化性及选择性,以 2-氯苯酚的电氧化降解反应为模型反应,考察电解 2-氯苯酚废水的处理效果,用 X 射线衍射仪和电子扫描电镜表征沉积层晶相和形貌。 结果 Bi-PbO2(ultrasonic) / SnO2 +Sb2O3 /Ti 的加速寿命比 PbO2 / SnO2+Sb2O3 / Ti 提高了 54% 。 电氧化降解 2-氯苯酚溶液 4 h 后,以掺 Bi 二氧化铅电极为阳极,相比于二氧化铅电极,对 2-氯苯酚的脱除率提高了 19% ,槽压降低了 7% ,稳态极化曲线和电氧化降解 2-氯苯酚溶液试验反映了相同的结论。 结论 超声波环境和 Bi 掺杂显著提升电极的性能,掺 Bi 的二氧化铅沉积层表现出较高的电催化性和电氧化 2-氯苯酚的选择性,超声电沉积二氧化铅能增大电极比表面积,提高电极的表观催化活性和电极加速寿命。
英文摘要:
      Objective To improve the service life, electrocatalytic activity, electrocatalytic selectivity of the Ti-base lead dioxide electrode for the target pollutant of 2-chlorophenol. Methods In this paper, four different types of Ti-base lead dioxide eletrodes including PbO2 / SnO2+Sb2O3 / Ti,Bi-PbO2 / SnO2+Sb2O3 / Ti,PbO2(ultrasonic) / SnO2 +Sb2O3 / Ti and Bi-PbO2(ultrasonic) / SnO2 + Sb2O3 / Ti were prepared by electro-deposition and ultrasonic-associated electro-deposition using Ti web with an SnO2 +Sb2O3 layer obtained by spreading and oxidating polymeric precursor as anodes. The composition of the electrolyte and operating conditions were as follows. The mixed solution of NaF and Pb(NO3)2 or the mixed solution of NaF, Pb(NO3)2 and Bi(NO3)3 was used. The pH of the mixed solution was 2, the coating current density was 0. 04 A / cm2 , the temperature of coating solution was 60 ℃ , and the time of electro-deposition was 1 hour. The accelerated service life was determined in sulfuric acid solution. Their electric catalysis and electro catalytic selectivity were analyzed by static anodic polarization curves, the effect of electrolysing 2-chlorphenol solution was tested using the electro-oxidative degradation of 2-chlorophenol as the model response, the morphology and crystal phase of surface coating was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Results The accelerated life of Bi-PbO2(ul-trasonic) / SnO2 +Sb2 O3 / Ti increased by 54% than PbO2 / SnO2 +Sb2 O3 / Ti. Compared to PbO2 / SnO2 +Sb2 O3 / Ti, the 2-chlorophe-nol removal rate had a 19% increase after 4 hours of electrolysis using Bi-PbO2(ultrasonic) / SnO2 +Sb2 O3 / Ti as an anode, and the electrolyzer voltage had a 7% reduction. The static anodic polarization curves and the electro-oxidative degradation test of 2-chloro-phenol solution showed the same results. Conclusion Ultrasonic environment in the process of preparation of electrode and doped Bi have a beneficial effect on the performance. Compared with non-doped electrode, the bismuth-doped electrode's electro-catalytic property and electro-catalytic selectivity for the degradation of 2-chlorphenol is better, and its specific area is larger, its apparent catalytic activity is better, its life is longer by ultrasonic-associated electro-deposition than by electro-deposition.
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