罗玲,姚冠新,陶飞.填料粒度对汽车制动摩擦材料性能的影响[J].表面技术,2016,45(2):97-102.
LUO Ling,YAO Guan-xin,TAO Fei.Effect of Filler Size on Performance of Automotive Brake Friction Materials[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(2):97-102
填料粒度对汽车制动摩擦材料性能的影响
Effect of Filler Size on Performance of Automotive Brake Friction Materials
投稿时间:2015-10-20  修订日期:2016-02-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.02.015
中文关键词:  摩擦材料  填料  粒度  摩擦因数  磨损率  正交试验法
英文关键词:friction materials  filler  particle size  friction coefficient  wear rate  orthogonal test
基金项目:博士点联合基金(20123227110016)
作者单位
罗玲 1. 盐城工学院, 盐城 224002; 2. 江苏大学 材料科学与工程学院, 镇江 212013 
姚冠新 江苏大学 材料科学与工程学院, 镇江 212013 
陶飞 江苏大学 材料科学与工程学院, 镇江 212013 
AuthorInstitution
LUO Ling 1. Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng 224002, China;2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China 
YAO Guan-xin School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China 
TAO Fei School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究填料粒度对树脂基汽车制动摩擦材料性能的影响。 方法 选取硅酸锆、氧化铝、石墨和蛭石作为填料,树脂基摩擦材料采用热压成型法制成,在 X-DM 摩擦试验机上进行摩擦磨损试验。 采用正交试验法,对填料粒度不同的树脂基摩擦材料的摩擦因数标准差和高温磨损率进行极差分析,以获得填料粒度组合最佳的摩擦材料配方。 采用扫描电子显微镜对该材料和未经过粒度优化材料在不同温度下的磨损表面形貌进行对比分析。 结果 随着硅酸锆和氧化铝颗粒尺寸的增大,摩擦因数和高温磨损率均增大,但硅酸锆和氧化铝颗粒尺寸过大或过小都会造成摩擦因数的稳定性变差;石墨粒度变化对摩擦因数的稳定性影响不大,随着石墨颗粒尺寸的增大,高温磨损率减小;随着蛭石颗粒尺寸的增大,摩擦因数的稳定性变差,且高温磨损率增大。 结论 硅酸锆和氧化铝粒度在 320 ~ 400 目之间,石墨粒度在100 ~200 目之间,蛭石颗粒尺寸小于 80 目为最佳的粒度组合,制成的摩擦材料的摩擦磨损性能最佳,试样的摩擦因数稳定,高温磨损率较低,抗热衰退性能好。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the effect of filler size on friction and wear properties of phenolic resin matrix friction materials. Methods Zirconium silicate, alumina, graphite and vermiculite were selected as fillers of friction materials. The friction materials were prepared by hot pressing method, tribological properties were tested on X-DM friction testing machine. The design method used in this paper was orthogonal test, and range analysis method was used to analyze the standard deviation of friction coefficient (COF) and the wear rate at high temperatures to find a best formula of the friction material. The morphologies of this material and normal friction material at different temperatures were studied by SEM. Results The results showed that with the increases of zirconium silicate and alumina particle sizes, both the COF and the wear rate at high temperatures were increased, but too large or too small zirconium silicate and alumina particles would result in instable COF; the size of graphite had little effect on friction stability. With the increase of graphite size, the wear rate at high temperatures decreased; with vermiculite size increased, the friction stability deteriorated and the wear rate at high temperatures increased. Conclusion When zirconium silicate and alumina particle sizes were between 320 ~ 400 mesh, graphite particle size was between 100 ~ 200 mesh, vermiculite particle size was smaller than 80 mesh, the friction material had the best friction and wear properties, with high and stable COF and relatively low wear rate, and the performance of thermal fading resistance at elevated temperature was excellent.
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