张冠军,来维亚,尹成先,徐秀清.金属表面 Ni-P 化学镀层研究现状[J].表面技术,2016,45(2):8-16.
ZHANG Guan-jun,LAI Wei-ya,YIN Cheng-xian,XU Xiu-qing.Research Status of Ni-P Electroless Plating on Metal Surface[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(2):8-16
金属表面 Ni-P 化学镀层研究现状
Research Status of Ni-P Electroless Plating on Metal Surface
投稿时间:2015-10-31  修订日期:2016-02-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.02.002
中文关键词:  Ni-P 化学镀层  三元化学镀层  化学复合镀层  耐蚀性  耐磨性
英文关键词:Ni-P electroless plating  ternary electroless plating  electroless composite plating  corrosion resistance  wear resistance
基金项目:中石油科学研究与技术研发项目(2011D-4603-0102)
作者单位
张冠军 石油管材及装备材料服役行为与结构安全国家重点实验室, 西安 710077 
来维亚 石油管材及装备材料服役行为与结构安全国家重点实验室, 西安 710077 
尹成先 石油管材及装备材料服役行为与结构安全国家重点实验室, 西安 710077 
徐秀清 石油管材及装备材料服役行为与结构安全国家重点实验室, 西安 710077 
AuthorInstitution
ZHANG Guan-jun State Key Laboratory of Performance and Structural Safety for Petroleum Tubular Goods and Equipment Materials, Xi'an 710077, China 
LAI Wei-ya State Key Laboratory of Performance and Structural Safety for Petroleum Tubular Goods and Equipment Materials, Xi'an 710077, China 
YIN Cheng-xian State Key Laboratory of Performance and Structural Safety for Petroleum Tubular Goods and Equipment Materials, Xi'an 710077, China 
XU Xiu-qing State Key Laboratory of Performance and Structural Safety for Petroleum Tubular Goods and Equipment Materials, Xi'an 710077, China 
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中文摘要:
      从力学和耐蚀性能方面,综述了 Ni-P 二元化学镀层、三元化学镀层和化学复合镀层的研究现状。对于不同基材上的二元镀层,表面钝化剂、络合剂和热处理影响碳钢二元镀层的力学与耐蚀性能;表面阳极化、激光表面合金化和热处理影响铝合金二元镀层的附着力、耐蚀性与硬度;表面阳极活化和热处理影响不锈钢二元镀层的结合力与硬度。 对于三元镀层,热处理和激光晶化影响 Ni-W-P 三元镀层的耐磨性与耐蚀性;含 Mo 元素的 Ni-Mo-P 三元镀层在不同温度下热处理后,均表现出良好的耐蚀性;稀土金属氧化物可改变三元化学镀层的镀速、表面质量、晶体结构与耐蚀性能。 对于复合镀层,由于添加了 SiC,SiO2,WC 和 PTFE 等不溶性粒子,因此硬度、耐磨性、耐蚀性和自润滑性得到提高。 三元化学镀层与化学复合镀层的力学和耐蚀性能明显优于二元化学镀层,是 Ni-P 化学镀研究和发展的方向。
英文摘要:
      This paper reviewed the current research status of Ni-P binary electroless plating, ternary electroless plating and electroless composite plating from the aspects of mechanical property and corrosion resistance. Surface passivation agent, complexing agent and heat treatment affect the mechanical property and corrosion resistance of binary plating on different substrates. Surface anodizing, laser surface alloying and heat treatment influence the adhesion, hardness and corrosion resistance of aluminum alloy binary plating. Anode activation and heat treatment affect the adhesion and hardness of stainless steel binary plating. Heat treatment and laser crystallization affect the wear resistance and corrosion resistance of Ni-W-P ternary plating. Ni-Mo-P ternary plating shows good corrosion resistance after heat treatment at different temperature. Rare earth metal can change the plating speed, surface quality, crystal structure and corrosion resistance of ternary electroless plating. SiC, SiO2, WC and PTFE insoluble particles can improve the hardness, wear resistance, corrosion resistance and self-lubrication of electroless composite plating. The mechanical property and corrosion resistance of ternary electroless plating and composite plating are obviously better than those of Ni-P binary electroless plating. The study of ternary electroless plating and composite plating is the direction of the research and development.
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