刘光明,张都清,任善平.纳米 Y2 O3 预处理对 T91 钢抗高温水蒸汽氧化的影响[J].表面技术,2015,44(12):104-109,136.
LIU Guang-ming,ZHANG Du-qing,REN Shan-ping.Effect of Nano-Y2O3 Pretreatment on Oxidation Resistance of T91 Steel in High-temperature Water Vapor Environment[J].Surface Technology,2015,44(12):104-109,136
纳米 Y2 O3 预处理对 T91 钢抗高温水蒸汽氧化的影响
Effect of Nano-Y2O3 Pretreatment on Oxidation Resistance of T91 Steel in High-temperature Water Vapor Environment
投稿时间:2015-08-20  修订日期:2015-12-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2015.12.017
中文关键词:  纳米 Y2O3  T91 钢  预处理  水蒸汽  高温氧化  富铬氧化膜
英文关键词:nanometer Y2 O3  T91 steel  pretreatment  water vapor  high temperature oxidation  Cr-rich oxide
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51161022);江西省教育厅科技计划项目(DB201301133, 201301050)
作者单位
刘光明 南昌航空大学 材料科学与工程学院, 南昌 330063 
张都清 国网山东省电力公司电力科学研究院, 济南 250002 
任善平 南昌航空大学 材料科学与工程学院, 南昌 330063 
AuthorInstitution
LIU Guang-ming School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063, China 
ZHANG Du-qing State Grid Shandong Electric Power Research Institute, Jinan 250002, China 
REN Shan-ping School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063, China 
摘要点击次数:
全文下载次数:
中文摘要:
      目的 研究纳米 Y2O3 预处理对 T91 钢抗水蒸汽氧化性能的影响,分析稀土元素作用的机理及长期氧化后的失效机制。 方法 采用将 Y2O3、铝粉、粘结剂制备成料浆涂覆于 T91 钢表面,并在 720 ℃水蒸汽中预处理 48 h。 预处理样品和空白样品同时置于在 700 ℃高温水蒸汽中氧化,获取循环氧化动力学曲线并进行对比,检验预处理对提高材料抗高温水蒸汽腐蚀的效果。 对氧化的样品采用 XRD、SEM/EDS 对氧化物结构、形貌、成分进行分析。 结果 预处理后在样品表面形成了含 Y2O3 的富铬氧化物薄膜。 在高温水蒸汽环境的氧化过程中,试样处理 600 h 时,质量增加轻微,仅为 0. 152 g/ cm2。 但在 600 h后质量增加明显,预处理膜层逐渐退化,表面出现 Fe2O3 突出物。 空白样在腐蚀初期即明显增加,氧化 70h 后,质量增加达 12. 17 mg/ cm2,氧化过程中可见氧化产物的剥落,氧化膜附着力差。 结论 纳米 Y2O3预处理可提高 T91 钢抗水蒸汽氧化性能,但随着氧化时间延长,富铬氧化膜将逐渐退化。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the effect of nano-Y2O3 pretreatment on oxidation resistance of T91 steel in high-tempera-ture water vapor environment. The action mechanism of rare earth elements and the failure mechanism after long-term oxidation were also discussed. Methods The surface of T91 steel was coated by a slurry composed of Y2O3, aluminum powder and a binder. Then the coated sample was treated in water vapor environment at 720 ℃ for 48 h. Cyclic oxidation test of the pretreated samples and bare sample were conducted in water vapor environment at 700 ℃ . The effect of pretreatment on the oxidation resistance of the material in high-temperature water vapor environment was examined by comparison of cyclic oxidation kinetics between the pretreated sample and the bare sample. The composition, structure, morphology of the cyclically oxidized samples were investigated using XRD, SEM and EDS. Results Cr2 O3 -rich scale with small amount of Y2 O3 was formed on the surface of the pretreated sample. The pretreated samples showed slight weight gain after 600h oxidation in water vapor environment at 700 ℃ . The mass gain was about 0. 152 mg / cm2 at 600 h of oxidation. However, significant mass gain was observed when the oxidation time was longer than 600 hours. The pretreatment scale gradually degenerated during the oxiadation, and some Fe2 O3 grains were observed on the sample surface. For bare sample, significant mass gian was observed at the beginning of the oxidation stage. The mass gain was about 12. 1 mg / cm2 after oxidation for 70 h. Spallation of the oxide was observed during the oxidation, indicating poor adhesion of the scale to substrate. Conclusion Nano-Y2 O3 pretreatment could obviously improve the water vapor oxidation resistance of T91 steel. However, the Cr2 O3 -rich scale would degrade gradually during the oxidation in water vapor environment at high temperatures.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

关于我们 | 联系我们 | 投诉建议 | 隐私保护 | 用户协议

您是第13543628位访问者    渝ICP备15012534号-3

版权所有:《表面技术》编辑部 2014 surface-techj.com, All Rights Reserved

邮编:400039 电话:023-68792193传真:023-68792396 Email: wjqkbm@163.com

渝公网安备 50010702501715号