雍帆,付传起,骆旭梁,王宙,姚井龙,郑学仿.化学镀 Ni-Mo-P 合金镀层的组织结构与防垢性能研究[J].表面技术,2015,44(12):98-103.
YONG Fan,FU Chuan-qi,LUO Xu-liang,WANG Zhou,YAO Jing-long,ZHENG Xue-fang.Structure and Scaling Prevention Properties of Electroless Ni-Mo-P Alloy Coatings[J].Surface Technology,2015,44(12):98-103
化学镀 Ni-Mo-P 合金镀层的组织结构与防垢性能研究
Structure and Scaling Prevention Properties of Electroless Ni-Mo-P Alloy Coatings
投稿时间:2015-09-17  修订日期:2015-12-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2015.12.016
中文关键词:  化学镀 Ni-Mo-P  组织结构  非晶态  防垢性能  硼酸  沉积速率
英文关键词:electroless Ni-Mo-P  structure  amorphous  anti-scale properties  boric acid  deposition rates
基金项目:科技创新主体支持计划(KJCX-ZTPY-2014-0003)
作者单位
雍帆 大连大学 表面工程中心, 辽宁 大连 116622 
付传起 大连大学 机械工程学院,辽宁 大连 116622 
骆旭梁 大连大学 表面工程中心, 辽宁 大连 116622 
王宙 大连大学 表面工程中心, 辽宁 大连 116622 
姚井龙 大连大学 机械工程学院,辽宁 大连 116622 
郑学仿 大连大学 环境化学与工程学院,辽宁 大连 116622 
AuthorInstitution
YONG Fan Surface Engineering Centre, Dalian University, Dalian 116622, China 
FU Chuan-qi Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Dalian University, Dalian 116622, China 
LUO Xu-liang Surface Engineering Centre, Dalian University, Dalian 116622, China 
WANG Zhou Surface Engineering Centre, Dalian University, Dalian 116622, China 
YAO Jing-long Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Dalian University, Dalian 116622, China 
ZHENG Xue-fang College of Environment and Chemical Engineering, Dalian University, Dalian 116622, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 采用材料测试方法和防垢实验,研究不同工艺条件下的化学镀 Ni-Mo-P 合金镀层的组织结构与防垢性能。 方法 在化学镀 Ni-P 镀层基底上,添加含有钼酸根离子杂多酸盐,在不同工艺条件下化学沉积 Ni-Mo-P 合金镀层,研究化学镀 Ni-Mo-P 合金镀层的表面形貌和组织结构,分析镀液中硼酸含量和钼酸铵含量对镀层沉积速率的影响,观测镀层在结垢实验后的表面形貌并分析结垢速率。通过SEM,XRD 和 EDS 对化学镀 Ni-Mo-P 合金镀层的表面形貌和组织结构进行检测,研究在酸性镀液中硼酸含量对化学镀 Ni-Mo-P 工艺条件的影响。 采用防垢实验测试化学镀 Ni-Mo-P 合金镀层的防垢性能。 结果 在化学镀 Ni-Mo-P 过程中,钼酸根离子杂多酸盐具有稳定作用。 化学镀 Ni-Mo-P 合金镀层的化学沉积镀液的最佳工艺条件为:NiSO4·6H2O 16. 5 g/ L,NaH2PO2·H2O 20 g/ L,钼酸钠 0. 5 ~ 0. 8 g/ L,硼酸 2g/ L,乙酸钠 7. 5 g/ L。 化学镀 Ni-Mo-P 合金镀层的结垢速率明显低于化学镀 Ni-P 镀层,具有良好的防垢能力,形成了非晶态的镀层。 结论 采用化学镀 Ni-P 镀层基底上沉积得到非晶态的 Ni-Mo-P 合金镀层,硼酸具有调节镀液 pH 值和络合作用,非晶态的 Ni-Mo-P 合金镀层平均结垢速率最小值为 0. 58 μm/ h,具有良好的阻垢能力。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the structure and scaling prevention properties of electroless Ni-Mo-P alloy coatings prepared in different deposition process conditions using the materials testing and scale experiment. Methods Under different processing conditions, by adding the heteropolyacid salt containing molybdate ion, the Ni-Mo-P alloy coatings were prepared by chemical deposition on the substrate which was firstly chemically deposited with Ni-P coatings. The surface morphology and structure of the electroless Ni-Mo-P alloy coatings were studied, the effects of the molybdate content and the boric acid content in the plating bath on the coating deposition rate were analyzed, and the surface morphology of the coatings was observed and the scaling rate was analyzed. The surface morphology and structure of the coatings were determined by scanning electron microscope ( SEM), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and EDS, to study the effect of the content of boric acid in the plating bath on the Ni-Mo-P chemical deposition process conditions. The scale laboratory tests were used to measure the scaling performance of the Ni-Mo-P alloy coatings. Results The results indicated that the addition of the heteropolyacid salt containing molybdate ion had stabilizing effect on the Ni-Mo-P chemical deposition. Moreover, the optimal process conditions of Ni-Mo-P chemical deposition were 16. 5 g / L of NiSO4 ·6H2 O, 20 g / L of NaH2 PO2 ·H2 O, 0. 5 ~ 0. 8 g / L of sodium molybdate, 2 g / L of boric acid,and 7. 5 g / L of sodium acetate. The scaling rate of the electroless Ni-Mo-P alloy coating was obviously lower than that of the electroless Ni-P coating, showing good scaling protection properties, and amorphous coating was formed. Conclusion To obtained amorphous Ni-Mo-P alloy coating,by using the electroless plating deposition on the substrate Ni-P coating, boric acid have the capable of regulating pH and the complexing properties of the bath, amorphous Ni-Mo-P alloy coating minimum average rate of fouling is 0. 58 μm/ h, with the better scale capacity.
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