关博文,於德美,马慧,张纪阳,谢超,杨涛.疲劳荷载作用下道路混凝土硫酸盐侵蚀及防护[J].表面技术,2016,45(3):127-133.
GUAN Bo-wen,YU De-mei,MA Hui,ZHANG Ji-yang,XIE Chao,YANG Tao.Sulfate corrosion and Corrosion Protection of road concrete under fatigue load[J].Surface Technology,2016,45(3):127-133
疲劳荷载作用下道路混凝土硫酸盐侵蚀及防护
Sulfate corrosion and Corrosion Protection of road concrete under fatigue load
投稿时间:2015-11-09  修订日期:2016-03-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2016.03.021
中文关键词:  道路工程  混凝土  硫酸盐侵蚀  疲劳荷载  防护技术  硅烷涂覆
英文关键词:Road engineering  Concrete  Sulfate corrosion  Fatigue load  Corrosion protection  Silane coating
基金项目:国家自然科学(51308062) , 中国博士后科学(2013M540726)Fund: Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation (51308062) ,China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2013M540726)
作者单位
关博文 1. 长安大学 交通铺面材料教育部工程研究中心, 西安 710061;2. 长安大学 特殊地区公路工程教育部重点实验室, 西安 710061 
於德美 长安大学 特殊地区公路工程教育部重点实验室, 西安 710061 
马慧 长安大学 交通铺面材料教育部工程研究中心, 西安 710061 
张纪阳 长安大学 交通铺面材料教育部工程研究中心, 西安 710061 
谢超 长安大学 特殊地区公路工程教育部重点实验室, 西安 710061 
杨涛 长安大学 特殊地区公路工程教育部重点实验室, 西安 710061 
AuthorInstitution
GUAN Bo-wen 1. Engineering Research Center of Transportation Materials, Ministry of Education, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710061, China;2. Key Laboratory for Special Area Highway Engineering of Ministry of Education, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710061, China 
YU De-mei Key Laboratory for Special Area Highway Engineering of Ministry of Education, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710061, China 
MA Hui Engineering Research Center of Transportation Materials, Ministry of Education, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710061, China 
ZHANG Ji-yang Engineering Research Center of Transportation Materials, Ministry of Education, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710061, China 
XIE Chao Key Laboratory for Special Area Highway Engineering of Ministry of Education, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710061, China 
YANG Tao Key Laboratory for Special Area Highway Engineering of Ministry of Education, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710061, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 为解决疲劳荷载作用下道路工程结构混凝土硫酸盐侵蚀破坏严重的问题。方法 采用自主研发腐蚀疲劳试验装置,通过化学分析及强度测试研究了荷载类型(交变荷载和持续荷载)、硫酸盐种类(Na2SO4和MgSO4)、硫酸盐浓度(5%和10%的Na2SO4)、应力水平(20%、40%和60%)、水灰比(0.35和0.38)条件下的道路混凝土腐蚀龄期为180d时的硫酸根离子分布及强度变化规律;同时,采用硅烷对混凝土进行表面涂覆,对其抗疲劳腐蚀性能进行测试。结果 受腐蚀疲劳道路混凝土表层的硫酸根离子侵入速度是承受持续荷载的试件的1.43倍;在腐蚀疲劳作用下,当硫酸盐浓度提高1倍,其表层硫酸根离子侵蚀速度提高近1倍;当应力水平由0.2提高至0.6时,表层硫酸根离子浓度由2.51%提高至4.62%;水灰比由0.38降至0.35时,表层硫酸根离子扩散速度降低17%。由于硫酸镁腐蚀生成的Mg(OH)2溶解度很低,混凝土表层硫酸镁腐蚀速度是硫酸钠的70%;涂覆硅烷混凝土抗弯拉系数较未涂覆试件提高了近40%;结论 疲劳荷载加剧了混凝土中硫酸盐的侵蚀;在腐蚀疲劳环境中,可采用适当降低水灰比、硅烷涂覆表面外层提高混凝土抗硫酸根离子侵蚀能力,延长混凝土服役周期。
英文摘要:
      Objective To solve the problem that the concrete structure of the road damage seriously under the interaction of the fatigue load and the sulfate corrosion. Methods in this paper, using self-developed corrosion fatigue device, we mainly studied the distribution of sulfate ions and the strength variation rule of road concrete subjected to corrosion for 180d under the condition of different load types (alternating load and static load)、different sulfate species (MgSO4 and Na2SO4)、different sulfate concentration (5% and 10% Na2SO4)、different stress levels (20%, 40% and 60%)、different water-cement ratio (0.35 and 0.38) by chemical analysis and strength test method. At the same time, the surface of the concrete was coated with silane, and the anti-fatigue performance of the concrete was tested. Results the sulfate ion penetration speed of the road concrete subjected to corrosion fatigue is 1.43 times of the specimen subjected to sustained loading. Under the effect of corrosion fatigue, the sulfate ion erosion rate increased by nearly 1 times when the sulfate concentration increased by 1; The sulfate concentration increased from 2.51% to 4.62% when the stress level increased from 0.2 to 0.6; The sulfate ion diffusion speed reduced by 17% when the water cement ratio fell from 0.38 to 0.35. Since Mg(OH)2 generated from magnesium has low solubility, the effect of magnesium sulfate on the surface layer of concrete is 70% of the sodium sulfate; The flexural tensile coefficient of the coated silane concrete is increased by nearly 40% compared with that of the uncoated specimen. Conclusion The fatigue load exacerbated the sulfate corrosion of concrete; In the corrosion fatigue environment, appropriate reduction of the water cement ratio as well as the adoption of the silane coating technology can greatly improve the concrete resistance of concrete and and prolong the service period of concrete.
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