高志恒,付扬帆.32Cr2Mo2NiVNb 钢盐浴氮化工艺[J].表面技术,2015,44(10):68-73.
GAO Zhi-heng,FU Yang-fan.Salt-bath Nitriding Process for 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb Steel[J].Surface Technology,2015,44(10):68-73
32Cr2Mo2NiVNb 钢盐浴氮化工艺
Salt-bath Nitriding Process for 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb Steel
投稿时间:2015-08-25  修订日期:2015-10-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2015.10.012
中文关键词:  32Cr2Mo2NiVNb 钢  盐浴氮化  金相组织  力学性能  耐蚀性  高温耐磨性
英文关键词:32Cr2Mo2NiVNb steel  salt-bath nitriding  microstructure  mechanical property  corrosion resistance  high-temperature wear resistance
基金项目:
作者单位
高志恒 海装重庆军代局, 重庆 400042 
付扬帆 西南技术工程研究所, 重庆 400039 
AuthorInstitution
GAO Zhi-heng Representative Bureau of Naval Equipment Department in Chongqing, Chongqing 400042, China 
FU Yang-fan Southwest Technology and Engineering Research Institute, Chongqing 400039, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 将盐浴氮化工艺用于 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb 钢的表面处理。 方法 采用盐浴氮化工艺处理32Cr2Mo2NiVNb 钢,通过对金相组织、力学性能、断口形貌、耐蚀性能、高温耐磨性能等的测试分析,研究该工艺对 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb 钢组织和性能的影响,验证该工艺对 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb 钢的适用性。 结果32Cr2Mo2NiVNb 钢盐浴氮化后,基体组织为均匀的细针状索氏体+少量游离铁素体,渗氮层深度约为0. 23 mm,化合物层深度均匀,约为 17 μm,渗氮层疏松度、氮化物、脆性评级均达到 1 级;表面硬度为1011HV0. 3,较氮化前提高 153. 4% ;抗拉强度、拉伸断口形貌均无明显变化,断后伸长率、断面收缩率、冲击吸收能量仅小幅降低;耐中性盐雾时间为镀硬铬试样的 6. 3 倍;经 190 s 高温磨损的表面磨痕细小均匀,磨损失重较镀硬铬试样降低 62. 8% 。 结论 盐浴氮化工艺不损害 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb 钢组织、强度等,仅使塑性、韧性指标小幅降低,相较于镀硬铬工艺,可显著提高 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb 钢的耐蚀性、高温耐磨性,对 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb 钢的工艺适用性良好。
英文摘要:
      Objective To develop a new salt-bath nitriding process for 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb steel surface treatment. Methods The 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb steel was treated with the new salt-bath nitriding process. The influences of the new salt-bath nitriding process on the microstructure and mechanical properties of 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb steel were concluded based on the analysis of several tests such as salt spray test and hardness test. The applicability of the salt-bath nitriding process for 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb steel was verified in this paper. Results After the salt-bath nitriding process, the 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb base material was composed of uniform fine needle-like sorbite + small amount of free ferrite, the depth of the nitriding layer was about 0. 23 mm, and the compound layer showed an even thickness of about 17 μm. The level of the brittleness, nervation and wave-like nitrid, porosity of nitrided case all reached grade I. The hardness of 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb steel surface after salt-bath nitriding treatment was 1011HV0. 3, which was 250% of the surface hardness without salt-bath nitriding treatment. The tensile strength and the fracture morphology showed no significant change after salt-bath nitriding treatment. The tensile length after fracture, the reduction of cross-section area and impact absorption energy were slightly decreased. The time of resistance to neutral salt spray was 6. 3 fold as high as that of the sample coated with hard chromium. The surface wear scars after wear at high temperature for 190 s were fine and uniform, and the wear weight loss was reduced by 62. 8% as compared to the sample coated with hard chromium. Conclusion The salt-bath nitriding process did not damage the microstructure and mechanical properties of 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb steel, with only slight decreased in plasticity and toughness indexes, and could significantly improve the corrosion resistance and high-temperature wear resistance of 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb steel as compared to hard chromium plating. The new salt-bath nitriding process was well suitable for surface treatment of 32Cr2Mo2NiVNb steel.
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