丛树林,柳凤恩,刘富东,时海芳.活性剂 SiO2 对氩弧熔覆钴基硼化物层组织及耐磨性的影响[J].表面技术,2015,44(10):46-51.
CONG Shu-lin,LIU Feng-en,LIU Fu-dong,SHI Hai-fang.Effects of SiO2 on the Structure and Wear Resistance of TIG Cladding Co-based Boride Layer[J].Surface Technology,2015,44(10):46-51
活性剂 SiO2 对氩弧熔覆钴基硼化物层组织及耐磨性的影响
Effects of SiO2 on the Structure and Wear Resistance of TIG Cladding Co-based Boride Layer
投稿时间:2015-06-02  修订日期:2015-10-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2015.10.008
中文关键词:  活性氩弧熔覆  钴基硼化物层  Co60  B4C  SiO2 活性剂  微观组织  耐磨性
英文关键词:activity TIG cladding  Co-based boride layer  Co60  B4 C  active agent SiO2  microstructure  wear resistance
基金项目:
作者单位
丛树林 辽宁科技学院, 辽宁 本溪 117004 
柳凤恩 辽宁科技学院, 辽宁 本溪 117004 
刘富东 辽宁科技学院, 辽宁 本溪 117004 
时海芳 辽宁工程技术大学, 辽宁 阜新 123000 
AuthorInstitution
CONG Shu-lin Liaoning Institute of Science and Technology, Benxi 117004, China 
LIU Feng-en Liaoning Institute of Science and Technology, Benxi 117004, China 
LIU Fu-dong Liaoning Institute of Science and Technology, Benxi 117004, China 
SHI Hai-fang Liaoning Technical University, Fuxin 123000, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 证明活性剂 SiO2 的加入能够改善钴基硼化物层的宏观形貌、硬度、耐磨损性能、微观组织结构及物相组成。 方法 以 Q235 钢为母材,Co60 和 B4C 为熔覆材料,SiO2 为活性剂,利用活性氩弧熔覆技术制备 B4C 质量分数为 8% 的钴基硼化物复合涂层。 分析活性剂 SiO2 的加入对熔覆层截面尺寸的影响,并测定熔覆层的硬度,分析熔覆层的微观结构及相组成。 通过磨损试验,对比分析基体、常规熔覆层及活性熔覆层的耐磨损性能。 结果 添加活性剂后,熔覆层的微观组织结构发生了改变,生成的物相增多。 物相分析表明,常规熔覆层含有 Co2B,Mn2B,CrB2 等相,活性熔覆层中除此之外,还含有 W3CoB3,Cr3B4,Cr3C2,Co2SiO4 等新相。 活性熔覆层的硬度为常规熔覆层的 1. 13 倍,耐磨粒磨损、粘着磨损、冲蚀磨损性能分别为常规熔覆层的1. 57,1. 37,1. 49 倍。 结论 添加活性剂 SiO2 后,熔覆层与基体结合更好,微观组织得到细化和均匀化,硬度和耐磨损性能都得到提高。
英文摘要:
      Objective To prove that the added active agents SiO2 can improve the macro-morphology, hardness, wear resistance, microstructure and physical phase of cobalt-based boride layer. Methods The cobalt-based composite cladding layer containing 8% B4C was fabricated on the surface of Q235 steel with the active argon arc cladding technology, using Co60 and B4C as the basic materials, and SiO2 as the active agent. The effects of the addition of SiO2 on the size of the cladding layer cross section were analyzed, and then the hardness of the cladding layer was determined, and the microstructure and phase composition of the cladding layer were analyzed. The wear resistance of the substrate, the conventional cladding layer and the active cladding layer was studied by wear tests. Results The results showed that the microstructure of the cladding layer was changed, and the phases formed were increased after adding the active agent. Phase analysis showed that Mn2B, CrB2 and Co2B existed in the conventional cladding layer, whereas the active cladding layer contained not only Mn2 B, CrB2 and Co2 B, but also W3 CoB3 , Cr3 B4 , Cr3 C2 and Co2 SiO4 . In addition, the hardness of the active cladding layer was increased by 1. 13 times, and the wear resistance, adhesive wear and erosion resistance were improved by 1. 57, 1. 37 and 1. 49 times as compared with the conventional cladding layer. Conclusion After adding the active agent SiO2 in the coating layer, a better bonding between the cladding layer and the substrate was obtained, and the microstructure of the cladding layer was refined and became more uniform, moreover, the hardness and wear resistance of the coating were both improved.
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