安成强,安恺,郝建军,魏娟.闪镀镍对冷轧板表面耐蚀性的影响[J].表面技术,2015,44(8):97-102.
AN Cheng-qiang,AN Kai,HAO Jian-jun,WEI Juan.Effects of the Pre-plating Ni on Corrosion Resistance of Cold Rolled Plate[J].Surface Technology,2015,44(8):97-102
闪镀镍对冷轧板表面耐蚀性的影响
Effects of the Pre-plating Ni on Corrosion Resistance of Cold Rolled Plate
投稿时间:2015-05-12  修订日期:2015-08-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2015.08.018
中文关键词:  冷轧板  表面防锈  闪镀镍  耐蚀性能
英文关键词:cold rolled plate  anti-corrosion of the surface  pre-plating Ni  corrosion resistance
基金项目:
作者单位
安成强 沈阳理工大学 环境与化学工程学院, 沈阳 110159 
安恺 沈阳理工大学 环境与化学工程学院, 沈阳 110159 
郝建军 沈阳理工大学 环境与化学工程学院, 沈阳 110159 
魏娟 沈阳理工大学 环境与化学工程学院, 沈阳 110159 
AuthorInstitution
AN Cheng-qiang School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang 110159, China 
AN Kai School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang 110159, China 
HAO Jian-jun School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang 110159, China 
WEI Juan School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang 110159, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 提供一种提高冷轧板(普冷板)表面耐蚀性的新方法。 方法 在冷轧板表面闪镀镍。 利用扫描电镜?毂砻嫘蚊?利用 EDS 能谱测定表面沉积的镍元素含量,测试 Tafel 极化曲线和交流阻抗谱,研究闪镀镍对冷轧板表面状态和电化学性能的影响。 采用点滴实验和湿热实验评价冷轧板表面的耐蚀性能。 结果 当闪镀温度为 45 ~55 ℃ ,电流密度为 3 ~6 A/ dm2,闪镀时间为 15 ~20 s 时,沉积到基板表面的镍元素原子数分数达到 40. 1% 以上。 此时,冷轧板表面的点滴变色时间明显延长,在潮湿条件下的锈蚀面积明显减少。 电化学测试也发现在冷轧板表面闪镀镍后,表面腐蚀电流明显降低,交流阻抗弧变大。 结论 闪镀镍可以改变冷轧板的表面状态和电化学性能,使冷轧板的表面活性和腐蚀倾向有所降低,从而提高冷轧板表面的耐蚀性能。 该研究为冷轧板存储、运输、使用过程中的防锈提供了一种新方法,且方法简单有效、环保、实用。
英文摘要:
      Objective To provide a new way to improve the corrosion resistance of cold rolled plate. Methods The pre-plating Ni was used on the surface of cold rolled plate. The surface properties and electrochemical performance of the cold rolled plate were studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM), electrochemical methods, and energy dispersive spectrum analysis. The corrosion resistance of cold rolled plate was studied by damp heat test and spot test. Results The nickel content of substrate surface was over 40. 1% under conditions of temperature 45 ~ 55 ℃, current density 3 ~ 6 A/ dm2 and electroplating time 15 ~ 20 s. The time of CuSO4 dropping corrosion test was significantly increased and the corrosion area was reduced. Electrochemical test showed that the properties was significantly improved. The corrosion resistance of cold rolled plate was remarkably enhanced. Conclusion Flash nickel plating could change the surface state and electrochemical properties of cold rolled plate. Surface activity and corrosion tendency were reduced. The corrosion resistance was greatly improved. This method might provide a new technique for the storage, transportation and use process of cold rolled plate, which is simple, effective, environment friendly and practical.
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