陈亚军,周姝,魏鹏宇.表面显微硬度国内外检测标准探析[J].表面技术,2015,44(6):98-103.
CHEN YA-jun,ZHOU Shu,WEI Peng-yu.Introduction of Domestic and Foreign Standards on Microindentation Hardness Testing[J].Surface Technology,2015,44(6):98-103
表面显微硬度国内外检测标准探析
Introduction of Domestic and Foreign Standards on Microindentation Hardness Testing
投稿时间:2015-01-25  修订日期:2015-06-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2015.06.019
中文关键词:  金属涂层  标准  民航  显微硬度
英文关键词:metal coating  standards  civil aviation  microindentation hardness
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(51301198);中央高校基本科研业务费中国民航大学专项(3122013H002)
作者单位
陈亚军 中国民航大学 中欧航空工程师学院, 天津 300300 
周姝 中国民航大学 中欧航空工程师学院, 天津 300300 
魏鹏宇 中国民航大学 中欧航空工程师学院, 天津 300300 
AuthorInstitution
CHEN YA-jun Sino-european Institute of Aviation Engineering, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China 
ZHOU Shu Sino-european Institute of Aviation Engineering, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China 
WEI Peng-yu Sino-european Institute of Aviation Engineering, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 为制定一个更适合我国民航行业的航空材料显微硬度检测标准提供参考。 方法 显微硬度检测是测试金属涂层硬度的重要方法,国内外对显微硬度的检测都有相应的标准规范,从试验方法(适用范围、试验原理、试验设备、试验程序、试样制备、精度和误差)、硬度计的检验(直接检验、间接检验、周检)以及标准块的标定(标准块的制造、标准机、标定方法)3 个方面,对比分析 GB/ T 4340—1999 金属维氏硬度试验标准与 ASTM E384—2011 在内容上的主要异同。 结果 ASTM E384—2011 规定的试验力、对角线长度范围更广,试验程序更加具体细致,对误差来源的分析更加全面,但操作较 GB/ T 4340—1999 繁琐;GB/ T 4340—1999 规定的操作程序简单易懂,且对曲面硬度值也适用,但在试样制备、试验程序、硬度计检验以及标准块标定上不及 ASTM E384—2011 具体规范。 结论 在制定我国民航行业显微硬度检测标准时,与 GB/ T 4340—1999 相比,ASTM E384—2011 的主要特点是更加精确、规范,实用性高,更符合我国民航行业行情。
英文摘要:
      Objective To provide a reference for China's civil aviation industry to establish a suitable aeronautical material microindentation hardness testing standard system. Methods Microindentation hardness testing has been used as an important method to test the metal coating hardness, and corresponding domestic and foreign standards have been established. Comparative analysis of China's national standard GB/ T 4340—1999 Metallic Materials Vickers Hardness Test and ASTM E384—2011 was conducted in this paper to reveal the main similarities and differences from three domains: test methods (scope, apparatus, test specimen, procedure, precision and bias), verification of testing machines (direct verification, indirect verification, weekly verification) and calibration of standardized hardness test blocks (test block manufacture, marking). Results ASTM E384—2011 standard has a wider range of test force and indentation diagonal, more detailed test procedures and a more comprehensive analysis of sources of error, but the operation is relatively tedious as compared to GB / T 4340—1999. GB / T 4340—1999 operating procedures are simple, and also applicable for the surface hardness values, but are less normal than the specifications of ASTM E384—2011 in specimen preparation, test procedures, hardness testing and calibration of the standard block. Conclusion For establishing the micro-hard-ness testing standards in the China's civil aviation industry, compared to the country GB / T 4340—1999, the main features of the standard ASTM E384—2011 is more accurate and standardized with high availability, which more conforms to the market of China' s civil aviation industry.
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