孙振业,梁成浩,黄乃宝.无溶剂环氧煤焦沥青涂层在土壤中的电化学行为[J].表面技术,2015,44(3):95-99.
SUN Zhen-ye,LIANG Cheng-hao,HUANG Nai-bao.Electrochemical Behavior of Solvent-free Coal Tar Epoxy Coating in Soil[J].Surface Technology,2015,44(3):95-99
无溶剂环氧煤焦沥青涂层在土壤中的电化学行为
Electrochemical Behavior of Solvent-free Coal Tar Epoxy Coating in Soil
投稿时间:2015-01-31  修订日期:2015-03-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2015.03.016
中文关键词:  无溶剂环氧煤焦沥青涂层  土壤  Q235 碳钢  电化学行为  电化学阻抗谱  开路电位
英文关键词:solvent-free epoxy coal tar coating  soil  Q235 carbon steel  electrochemical behavior  electrochemical impedance spectroscopy(EIS)  open circuit potential
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(21276036);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(3132014323)
作者单位
孙振业 大连海事大学 交通运输装备与海洋工程学院, 辽宁 大连 116026 
梁成浩 大连海事大学 交通运输装备与海洋工程学院, 辽宁 大连 116026 
黄乃宝 大连海事大学 交通运输装备与海洋工程学院, 辽宁 大连 116026 
AuthorInstitution
SUN Zhen-ye Transportation Equipments and Ocean Engineering College, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China 
LIANG Cheng-hao Transportation Equipments and Ocean Engineering College, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China 
HUANG Nai-bao Transportation Equipments and Ocean Engineering College, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究无溶剂环氧煤焦沥青涂层在饱和水含量土壤中的电化学行为。 方法 将无溶剂环氧煤焦沥青涂层涂覆在 Q235 碳钢上,测试不同厚度和不同埋设时间涂层的开路电位和交流阻抗谱图,探索涂层厚度和埋设时间对涂层电化学行为的影响。 利用 SEM 分析基体表面腐蚀产物的元素组成,探索侵蚀性物质是否到达基体表面参与腐蚀历程。 结果 涂覆 200 μm 厚涂层的 Q235 碳钢的稳定开路电位约为-0. 37 V,与裸 Q235 钢相比,自腐蚀电位正移了 0. 28 V。 随着涂层厚度的增加,开路电位呈上升趋势,容抗弧半径增大,涂层对侵蚀性溶液的屏蔽阻挡能力提高。 随着在土壤中埋设时间的延长,容抗弧半径减小,吸水率增大,涂层的防护性能有所下降,但低频阻抗模值仍高达 8. 8×107 Ω·cm2。 能谱分析显示,Q235 碳钢表面未出现 Cl-等侵蚀性物质。 结论 无溶剂环氧煤焦沥青涂层在土壤环境中是有效的屏蔽层,可对 Q235 碳钢基体起到有效的防护作用。
英文摘要:
      Objective The electrochemical behavior of the solvent-free epoxy coal tar coating was investigated in the soil solution of saturated water content. Methods The solvent-free epoxy coal tar coating was applied on Q235 steel, the open circuit potential and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy of the coatings at different thicknesses and different buried time were tested, and the effects of coating thickness and buried time on the electrochemical behavior of the coating were explored. SEM analysis of the elemental composition of corrosion products on the substrate surface were used to explore whether the aggressive substances reached the substrate surface and was involved in the corrosion. Results The stable open circuit potential of Q235 steel with a coating thickness of 200 μm was about -0. 37 V, and the corrosion potential shifted positively by about 0. 28 V as compared to that of the Q235 bare steel. With the increase of coating thickness, the open circuit potential showed a rising tendency, the capacitance arc radius increased, and the shielded blocking ability of the coating in aggressive solutions was improved. The protective performance of the coating declined, the capacitance arc radius reduced and water absorption increased with the prolonging buried time in soil, but the low-frequency impedance modulus value still reached up to 8. 8×107 Ω·cm2 . The energy spectrum analysis showed that no corrosive substances such as Cl- appeared on the surface of Q235 steel. Conclusion The solvent-free coal tar epoxy coating in soil solution could effectively form a shielding layer and provided an effective protection for Q235 carbon steel.
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