黄亮,刘智勇,杜翠薇,刘然克,王博,李月强,李晓刚.Q235B 钢含硫污水罐的腐蚀开裂失效分析[J].表面技术,2015,44(3):52-56.
HUANG Liang,LIU Zhi-yong,DU Cui-wei,LIU Ran-ke,WANG Bo,LI Yue-qiang,LI Xiao-gang.Stress Corrosion Cracking Failure of Q235B Steel Used for Sulfur-containing Waste Water Tank[J].Surface Technology,2015,44(3):52-56
Q235B 钢含硫污水罐的腐蚀开裂失效分析
Stress Corrosion Cracking Failure of Q235B Steel Used for Sulfur-containing Waste Water Tank
投稿时间:2015-01-05  修订日期:2015-03-20
DOI:10.16490/j.cnki.issn.1001-3660.2015.03.009
中文关键词:  Q235B  含硫污水罐  硫化氢  应力腐蚀  开裂
英文关键词:Q235B steel  sulfur-containing waste water tank  H2 S  SCC  cracking
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(51131001);国家自然科学基金(51471034,51371036)
作者单位
黄亮 北京科技大学 腐蚀与防护中心, 北京 100083 
刘智勇 北京科技大学 腐蚀与防护中心, 北京 100083 
杜翠薇 北京科技大学 腐蚀与防护中心, 北京 100083 
刘然克 北京科技大学 腐蚀与防护中心, 北京 100083 
王博 中国石油化工股份有限公司 石家庄炼化分公司, 石家庄 050000 
李月强 中科京驰(北京)科技有限公司, 北京 100083 
李晓刚 北京科技大学 腐蚀与防护中心, 北京 100083 
AuthorInstitution
HUANG Liang Corrosion and Protection Center, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 
LIU Zhi-yong Corrosion and Protection Center, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 
DU Cui-wei Corrosion and Protection Center, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 
LIU Ran-ke Corrosion and Protection Center, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 
WANG Bo Shijiazhuang Branch of China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation, Shijiazhuang 050000, China 
LI Yue-qiang Zhongke Jingchi Technology Ltd, Beijing 100083, China 
LI Xiao-gang Corrosion and Protection Center, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 对某炼油厂原料水罐 Q235B 钢腐蚀开裂失效原因进行分析。 方法 采用宏观形貌、金相组织和断口观察以及成分分析和力学性能测定等手段,分析 Q235B 钢腐蚀开裂失效的宏观和微观行为。结果 Q235B 钢在污水罐罐顶形成的湿硫化氢环境中发生沿晶型应力腐蚀开裂。 腐蚀过程中,电化学反应产生的氢渗入基体,导致微裂纹的萌生。 腐蚀产物在基体表面积聚,其自身体积膨胀以及涂层的闭塞作用对基体形成非常大的拉应力。 结论 结合应力分析和环境分析,Q235B 钢含硫污水罐的腐蚀开裂失效机制为硫化氢应力腐蚀开裂,应力来源于氢渗透和腐蚀产物膨胀。
英文摘要:
      Objective Cause for corrosion crack failure of Q235B steel water tank served in a refinery was analyzed. Methods The macroscopic and microscopic behaviors of Q235B steel corrosion crack failure were characterized by means of macro-morphology, microstructure, fracture observation, chemical composition analysis and mechanical property analysis. Results In the humid atmosphere containing H2S formed at the top of the water tank, inter-granular stress corrosion cracks occurred for the Q235B steel. During the corrosion, micro-cracks were induced by permeation of the hydrogen generated by electrochemical reactions into the substrate. Meanwhile, the corrosion products accumulated on the surface of the substrate. Extremely large tensile stress was formed as a result of the combined effect of expansion of corrosion products and occlusion of the coating. Conclusion Combining stress analysis and environment analysis, the corrosion cracking failure mechanism of the Q235B steel sulfur-containing waste water tank was stress corrosion cracking induced by H2S, and the stress was derived from hydrogen permeation and the expansion of the corrosion products.
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