杨余芳,衷明华,黄俊生.化学镀锡反应动力学特性研究[J].表面技术,2014,43(6):64-68.
YANG Yu-fang,ZHONG Ming-hua,HUANG Jun-sheng.Dynamic Characteristics of Electroless Tin Plating Reaction[J].Surface Technology,2014,43(6):64-68
化学镀锡反应动力学特性研究
Dynamic Characteristics of Electroless Tin Plating Reaction
投稿时间:2014-07-08  修订日期:2014-12-10
DOI:
中文关键词:  化学镀  反应级数  动力学
英文关键词:electroless plating  reaction order  kinetics
基金项目:
作者单位
杨余芳 韩山师范学院 化学系, 广东 潮州 521041 
衷明华 韩山师范学院 化学系, 广东 潮州 521041 
黄俊生 韩山师范学院 化学系, 广东 潮州 521041 
AuthorInstitution
YANG Yu-fang Department of Chemistry, Hanshan Normal University, Chaozhou 521041, China 
ZHONG Ming-hua Department of Chemistry, Hanshan Normal University, Chaozhou 521041, China 
HUANG Jun-sheng Department of Chemistry, Hanshan Normal University, Chaozhou 521041, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究化学镀锡反应过程的动力学特性。 方法 在硫脲-柠檬酸-酒石酸三元络合体系中,以次磷酸钠为还原剂,以 SnCl2 为主盐,在铜片上化学沉积锡镀层,研究温度、主盐、还原剂、H+和络合剂的浓度对沉积速度的影响规律。 结果 镀锡过程中,Sn2+,H+和次磷酸钠的反应级数分别为 0. 302,0. 21和 0. 192;硫脲、柠檬酸和酒石酸的反应级数分别为 0. 237,0. 213 和 0. 081;速度常数为 0. 013,总反应级数为 1. 235 级,表观活化能为 11. 184 kJ/ mol。 结论 建立了化学镀锡反应的动力学方程,对化学镀锡沉积工艺的选择和产物的控制具有一定的参考作用。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the dynamic characteristics of electroless tin plating reaction. Methods Using sodium hypophosphite as the reducing agent, and SnCl2 as the main salt, electroless Sn was deposited on copper in the thiourea-citric acid-tartaric acid trinary ligand system. Influences of temperature, as well as the concentrations of main salt, reducing agent, hydrogenion and complexing agents on the deposition rate were investigated, respectively. Results The reaction orders of Sn2+, sodium hypophosphite and H+ were 0. 302, 0. 192 and 0. 21,and those of thiourea, citric acid and tartaric acid were 0. 237, 0. 213 and 0. 081, respectively. The rate constant was 0. 013, the total reaction order was 1. 235, and the apparent activation energy was 11. 184 kJ/ mol. Conclusion The kinetic equation of electroless tin plating reaction was established, which provides reference for the technology selection and product control in electroless tin deposition technology.
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